IBM is a multinational technology and consulting company that is headquartered in Armonk, New York. The company was founded in 1911 by Thomas J. Watson. IBM is the largest technology and consulting company in the world with over 350,000 employees in over 170 countries.
IBM offers a wide range of technology and consulting services; a broad portfolio of middleware for collaboration, predictive analytics, software development, and systems management; and developing advanced servers and supercomputers.
The company offer products in a range of fields:
IBM's history goes back to predecessor companies—the International Time Recording Company (ITR), formed in 1900, and the Computing Scale Company of America, incorporated in 1901. In 1911, Charles F Flint engineered the merger of Hollerith's Tabulating Machine Company with these two businesses to form the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR), incorporated in the state of New York on June 16, 1911.
Based in New York City, the company manufactured and sold machinery including commercial scales and industrial time recorders to meat and cheese slicers, along with tabulators and punched cards. In 1911, the company had 1,300 employees with offices and plants in Endicott and Binghamton, New York; Dayton, Ohio; Detroit, Michigan; Washington, D.C.; and Toronto, Ontario.
CTR would become IBM (International Business Machines Corporation ) on February 14th, 1924.
In 2018, IMB was granted the most patents in a given year to an American company, with 9,100 patents, including 3,000+ patents in the fields of quantum computing, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence (1,600 patents). IFI CLAIMS Patent Services announced as of January 2020, IBM has received the most US patents every year compared to every other American company for twenty-seven consecutive years (from 1992 to 2018).
IBM launched the world's first 2 nanometers (2nm) semiconductor today.
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- Cloud computingForm of internet-based computing that provides shared computer processing resources and data to computers and other devices on demand
- Artificial intelligence (AI)Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines.
- Quantum computingThe study of computation systems that make use of quantum mechanical phenomena (eg entanglement and superposition). Quantum computers use qubits (rather than binary 0 and 1s) which can be in both states at the same time by being in a superposition of states.