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United States

United States

Federal republic in North America

American History

The American Civil War divided the United States in two--the Northern States versus the Southern States. The outcome of the four year battle (1861-1865) kept the United States together as one whole nation and ended slavery.

On April 6, 1917, the United States entered World War I by declaring war on Germany.

The National Museum of the Marine Corps is located next to the Marine Corps Base in Quantico, Virginia, and features exhibits on the actions of Marines during World Wars I and II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.

Across the United States, military memorials and monuments commemorate wars, battles, and those who lived and served during those times. Popular points of interest by each major war include:

The African American Civil War Memorial and Museum in Washington, DC, has collections and exhibits to help visitors remember the African Americans who fought in the Civil War.

Civilian Medals and Honors

The Presidential Medal of Freedom - As the highest civilian award in the United States, the Presidential Medal of Freedom is given for an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the U.S., to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors. It may also be awarded to members of the military and non-citizens. First awarded in 1963, the medal can be additionally awarded "With Distinction" for especially important service. See a list of recipients from 1993 on.

The Congressional Gold Medal - The Congressional Gold Medal is the highest civilian award given by Congress. It is awarded for achievements that have a major impact on American history or culture.. Awardees can be civilian or military personnel and are not required to be citizens. This medal is also given in silver and bronze. This medal was first awarded to Founding Father George Washington by the Second Continental Congress in 1776. See a list of recipients.

The National Medal of Arts - This is the highest award given to artists and arts patrons by the United States government. The National Medal of Arts is awarded to individuals or groups who "are deserving of special recognition by reason of their outstanding contributions to the excellence, growth, support, and availability of the arts in the United States." Recipients are selected by the National Endowment for The Arts, and this medal was first awarded in 1984. See a list of recipients.

The Kennedy Center Honors - Awarded by the Kennedy Center's Board of Trustees, which is headed by the First Lady, this award is given by the president to honor outstanding contributions to U.S. art, music, theatre, film, and culture. This award was first given in 1978. See a list of recipients.

The National Medal of Technology and Innovation - This medal is awarded by the president of the United States to American inventors and innovators who have made significant contributions to the development of new and important technology. The award may be granted to a specific person, to a group of people, or to an entire organization or corporation. This medal was first awarded in 1985 as the National Medal of Technology. See a list of recipients.

Branches of the U.S. Government
Executive Branch:

The Executive branch, which is led by the President of the United State (POTUS) is responsible for making sure that laws are followed among other things

The Vice President

Vice president--The vice president supports the president. If the president is unable to serve, the vice president becomes president. The vice president can be elected and serve an unlimited number of four-year terms as vice president, even under a different president. The vice president also serves as the President of the Senate (see below).

Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch is responsible for making new laws and reforming old ones. At the federal level, the Legislative Branch is Congress, which is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The Senate

Each state had two Senators, totaling 100 senators in all. The House of Representatives has 435 voting members and 6 non-voting members. The Senate is presided over by the Vice President who acts as the President of the Senate. However, he or she may only cast a vote it there is a tie so that the tie may be broken.

The House of Representatives

The voting members are the Representatives from each sate; the number of representatives from each state corresponds to the number of districts in that state. The non-voting members are the 5 delegates (from The District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and the resident commissioner from Puerto Rico. The House is lead by the Speaker of the House

Judicial Branch

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. The nine justices are nominated by the president and must be approved by the Senate (see above) with at least 51 votes.

The Justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate.

Most cases reach the Court on appeal. An appeal is a request for a higher court to reverse the decision of a lower court. Most appeals come from federal courts. They can come from state courts if a case deals with federal law.

Timeline

July 1, 1776
Declaration of Independence is Signed

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News

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By JIM RENDON of The Chronicle of Philanthropy
October 21, 2021
AP NEWS
Global philanthropic spending to help halt climate change grew last year -- but still remains less than 2% of all giving, according to a new report from the ClimateWorks Foundation.That's a really low number, especially as the detrimental effects of climate change have become clearer, says Surabi Menon, vice president of global intelligence at ClimateWorks and a co-author of the report.
By JOSH BOAK
October 18, 2021
AP NEWS
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo only wears watches made by Bulova -- a company that laid off her scientist father, closed its Rhode Island factory and moved production to China in 1983.
Mia Rabson
October 13, 2021
CTVNews
Canada is nearly doubling its target to cut methane emissions from the oil and gas sector as it prepares to sign a new global pledge at next month's climate talks in Scotland.
Jena Brooker
October 13, 2021
Grist
Hospitals, airports, and other public services are at risk of flooding due to climate change.
The Associated Press
October 13, 2021
CTVNews
The White House said Wednesday it has helped broker an agreement for the Port of Los Angeles to become a 24-hour, seven-days-a-week operation, part of an effort to relieve supply chain bottlenecks and move stranded container ships that are driving prices higher for U.S. consumers.
The Associated Press
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
The International Monetary Fund is slightly downgrading its outlook for the global recovery from the pandemic recession, reflecting the persistence of supply chain disruptions in industrialized countries and deadly disparities in vaccination rates between rich and poor nations.
Patricia Lovett-Reid
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
After being targeted by scammers, CTV's chief financial commentator Pattie Lovett-Reid warns in her latest column on CTVNews.ca that everyone should be on the lookout for scams.
The Associated Press
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
The International Monetary Fund expressed 'full confidence' in its managing director Tuesday in response to allegations that World Bank staff were pressured to change business rankings for China in an effort to placate Beijing.
The Associated Press
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
A customs dispute at the U.S.-Canada border is threatening America's supply of a key fish used for popular products such as fish sticks and fast food sandwiches.
The Associated Press
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
Job vacancies in the U.K. rose to a record high of nearly 1.2 million, official figures showed Tuesday, a further sign that the British economy is experiencing worker shortages in an array of sectors as a result of the coronavirus pandemic and Britain's departure from the European Union.
Reuters
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
China Evergrande Group on Tuesday missed its third round of bond payments in three weeks, intensifying market fears over contagion involving other property developers as a wall of debt payment obligations come due in the near-term.
The Associated Press
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
This week France was rallying its EU partners for a joint stance and action if necessary if London wouldn't grant more licenses for small French fishing boats to roam close to the U.K. crown dependencies of Jersey and Guernsey that hug France's Normandy coast.
The Associated Press
October 12, 2021
CTVNews
Shares retreated in Asia on Tuesday as surging prices of oil, coal and other energy added to concerns over inflation.
The Canadian Press
October 11, 2021
CTVNews
As the semiconductor chip shortage caused by pandemic-related production issues and a surge in demand for electronics drags on, Canada's auto production slowdown is worse than many other countries.
The Associated Press
October 11, 2021
CTVNews
Dozens of large German companies have urged the country's next government to put in place ambitious policies to meet the goals of the 2015 Paris climate accord.
The Associated Press
October 11, 2021
CTVNews
Southwest Airlines cancelled hundreds more flights Monday following a weekend of major service disruptions.
October 11, 2021
The Economic Times
Goyal will also meet other trade ministers, including those from the United States, South Korea, Australia, South Africa, Brazil, and Canada, among others, the statement said on Monday.
The Associated Press
October 10, 2021
CTVNews
The release of the 'Pandora Papers' report by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists has drawn new scrutiny to the growth of tax havens in the United States; and has shed light on the financial dealings of the elite and the corrupt and how they have used offshore accounts and tax havens to shield trillions of dollars in assets.
October 7, 2021
The Economic Times
With the threat of a default just 11 days off, Republican Senate Minority leader Mitch McConnell offered the deal as his party was preparing to vote down House-passed Democratic plans for a much longer hike in the nation's borrowing cap of more than a year.
The Canadian Press
October 7, 2021
CTVNews
Lululemon Athletica Inc. is joining the booming personalized at-home exercise trend with the launch of Mirror, a large electronic device for streaming workout classes.
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