United States

United States

Federal republic in North America

American History

The American Civil War divided the United States in two--the Northern States versus the Southern States. The outcome of the four year battle (1861-1865) kept the United States together as one whole nation and ended slavery.

On April 6, 1917, the United States entered World War I by declaring war on Germany.

The National Museum of the Marine Corps is located next to the Marine Corps Base in Quantico, Virginia, and features exhibits on the actions of Marines during World Wars I and II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.

Across the United States, military memorials and monuments commemorate wars, battles, and those who lived and served during those times. Popular points of interest by each major war include:

The African American Civil War Memorial and Museum in Washington, DC, has collections and exhibits to help visitors remember the African Americans who fought in the Civil War.

Civilian Medals and Honors

The Presidential Medal of Freedom - As the highest civilian award in the United States, the Presidential Medal of Freedom is given for an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the U.S., to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors. It may also be awarded to members of the military and non-citizens. First awarded in 1963, the medal can be additionally awarded "With Distinction" for especially important service. See a list of recipients from 1993 on.

The Congressional Gold Medal - The Congressional Gold Medal is the highest civilian award given by Congress. It is awarded for achievements that have a major impact on American history or culture.. Awardees can be civilian or military personnel and are not required to be citizens. This medal is also given in silver and bronze. This medal was first awarded to Founding Father George Washington by the Second Continental Congress in 1776. See a list of recipients.

The National Medal of Arts - This is the highest award given to artists and arts patrons by the United States government. The National Medal of Arts is awarded to individuals or groups who "are deserving of special recognition by reason of their outstanding contributions to the excellence, growth, support, and availability of the arts in the United States." Recipients are selected by the National Endowment for The Arts, and this medal was first awarded in 1984. See a list of recipients.

The Kennedy Center Honors - Awarded by the Kennedy Center's Board of Trustees, which is headed by the First Lady, this award is given by the president to honor outstanding contributions to U.S. art, music, theatre, film, and culture. This award was first given in 1978. See a list of recipients.

The National Medal of Technology and Innovation - This medal is awarded by the president of the United States to American inventors and innovators who have made significant contributions to the development of new and important technology. The award may be granted to a specific person, to a group of people, or to an entire organization or corporation. This medal was first awarded in 1985 as the National Medal of Technology. See a list of recipients.

Branches of the U.S. Government

Executive Branch:

The Executive branch, which is led by the President of the United State (POTUS) is responsible for making sure that laws are followed among other things

The Vice President

Vice president--The vice president supports the president. If the president is unable to serve, the vice president becomes president. The vice president can be elected and serve an unlimited number of four-year terms as vice president, even under a different president. The vice president also serves as the President of the Senate (see below).

Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch is responsible for making new laws and reforming old ones. At the federal level, the Legislative Branch is Congress, which is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The Senate

Each state had two Senators, totaling 100 senators in all. The House of Representatives has 435 voting members and 6 non-voting members. The Senate is presided over by the Vice President who acts as the President of the Senate. However, he or she may only cast a vote it there is a tie so that the tie may be broken.

The House of Representatives

The voting members are the Representatives from each sate; the number of representatives from each state corresponds to the number of districts in that state. The non-voting members are the 5 delegates (from The District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and the resident commissioner from Puerto Rico. The House is lead by the Speaker of the House

Judicial Branch

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. The nine justices are nominated by the president and must be approved by the Senate (see above) with at least 51 votes.

The Justices of the Supreme Court, who can overturn unconstitutional laws, are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate.

Most cases reach the Court on appeal. An appeal is a request for a higher court to reverse the decision of a lower court. Most appeals come from federal courts. They can come from state courts if a case deals with federal law.

Timeline

July 1, 1776

Declaration of Independence is Signed

People

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News

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BioSpace
May 20, 2020
BioSpace
Cidara Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: CDTX), a biotechnology company developing long-acting therapeutics to transform the standard of care for patients facing serious fungal or viral infections, and Mundipharma today announced that the first patient has been dosed in its ReSPECT pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of the company's lead antifungal candidate, rezafungin, for the prevention of invasive f
May 19, 2020
WebWire
Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CCOI) ("Cogent Communications") today announced that Cogent Communications Finance, Inc. (the "Temporary Issuer"), a newly formed financing subsidiary of Cogent Communications' wholly owned subsidiary, Cogent Communications Group, Inc. ("Cogent"), intends to commence an offering of €215,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 4.375% senior notes due 2024 (the "Temporary Notes") to be offered and sold only to persons reasonably believed to be qual...
Nidhi Subbaraman
May 19, 2020
Scientific American
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Omar Faridi
May 19, 2020
Crowdfund Insider
Another lawsuit has been filed against Block.one for allegedly collecting $200 million+ in funds in an illegal manner.
PAUL SCHARRE
May 19, 2020
Wired
Military scholars warn of a "battlefield singularity," a point at which humans can no longer keep up with the pace of conflict.
Yuka Obayashi
May 19, 2020
U.S.
Oil prices rose on Tuesday, extending gains for a fourth straight session, amid signs that producers are cutting output as promised just as demand picks up, stoked by more countries easing out of curbs imposed to counter the coronavirus pandemic.
Jamie Freed
May 19, 2020
U.S.
In Thailand, you cannot have food or water in flight and must wear a mask. In Malaysia and Indonesia, the plane needs to be half-empty. In the United States and Europe, it's not mandatory for airlines to leave the middle seat open.
Omar Faridi
May 19, 2020
Crowdfund Insider
Lawsuit filed against BitMEX, a cryptocurrency derivatives exchange, for allegedly engaging in money laundering, racketeering.
BioSpace
May 18, 2020
BioSpace
Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced the appointment of Matthew Walsh and Rachel Stahler as Chief Financial Officer and Chief Information Officer, respectively, for Organon & Co., its intended spinoff of its women's health, legacy brands and biosimilars businesses.
John Timmer
May 18, 2020
Ars Technica
Promising vaccine trials, questionable research ethics, and clearly bad policy.
BioSpace Editorial Staff
May 18, 2020
BioSpace
Please check out the biopharma industry coronavirus (COVID-19) stories that are trending for May 18, 2020.
Jacey Fortin
May 18, 2020
www.nytimes.com
Tens of thousands of people across the United States have applied for the job of cold-calling strangers who may have been exposed to Covid-19. Here's what it's like.
BioSpace
May 18, 2020
BioSpace
Oryzon Genomics, S.A. (ISIN Code: ES0167733015, ORY), a public clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company leveraging epigenetics to develop therapies in diseases with strong unmet medical need, announced today the enrollment of the first patient in its Phase II clinical trial with vafidemstat in seriously ill COVID-19 patients. The study, named ESCAPE (No EudraCT: 2020-001618-39), is an open-label, randomized, double arm Phas
May 17, 2020
@TIMESNOW
United States President Donald Trump said that the country will reopen with or without the coronavirus vaccine.
The Hindu Net Desk
May 18, 2020
The Hindu
All necessary standard operating procedures which includes social distancing, wearing of masks, availability of sanitiser continues to be mandatory.
May 15, 2020
https://www.outlookindia.com/
Everyone agrees that things will never be the same again. Will new trends lead to deglobalisation, more globalisation or reglobalisation?
BioSpace
May 15, 2020
BioSpace
Arctic Vision, a clinical stage biotechnology company focusing on the development and commercialization of innovative ophthalmology therapies in China and Asia, announced the formation of its Scientific Advisory Board comprised of three world-class ophthalmologists from China, the United States and the United Kingdom.
Don Clark and Ana Swanson
May 14, 2020
www.nytimes.com
The White House has called for building up U.S. manufacturing and criticized a tech supply chain centered in China.
Matt Spetalnick
May 14, 2020
IN
The United States is considering measures it could take in response to Iran's shipment of fuel to crisis-stricken Venezuela, a senior official in President Donald Trump's administration told Reuters on Thursday.
Ahmad Ghaddar
May 14, 2020
IN
Global oil refining production could start rebounding in June, the International Energy Agency said on Thursday, but refiners' margins may be squeezed due to rising crude prices as producers slashed output much faster than expected.
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