SpaceX

SpaceX

Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, better known as SpaceX, is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.

SpaceX was founded in 2002 by entrepreneur Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space transportation costs and enabling the colonization of Mars. SpaceX has since developed the Falcon launch vehicle family and the Dragon spacecraft family, which both currently deliver payloads into Earth's orbit.

The Dragon resupply mission represented the first reflight of a commercial spacecraft to and from the International Space Station.

SpaceX was formed in the hopes of revolutionizing the aerospace industry and making affordable spaceflight a reality. The company entered the arena with the Falcon 1 rocket, a two-stage liquid-fueled craft designed to send small satellites into orbit. The Falcon 1 was vastly cheaper to build and operate than its competitors, a field largely populated by spacecraft built by publicly owned and government-funded companies such as Lockheed Martin and Boeing. Part of the rocket’s cost-effectiveness was made possible by the SpaceX-developed Merlin engine, a cheaper alternative to those used by other companies. SpaceX also focused on making reusable rockets (other launch vehicles are generally made for one-time use).

In March 2006 SpaceX made its first Falcon 1 launch, which began successfully but ended prematurely because of a fuel leak and fire. By this time, however, the company had already earned millions of dollars in launching orders, many of them from the U.S. government. In August of that year SpaceX was a winner of a NASA competition for funds to build and demonstrate spacecraft that could potentially service the ISS after the decommissioning of the space shuttle. Falcon 1 launches that failed to attain Earth orbit followed in March 2007 and August 2008, but in September 2008 SpaceX became the first privately owned company to send a liquid-fueled rocket into orbit. Three months later it won a NASA contract for servicing the ISS that was worth more than $1 billion.

In 2010 SpaceX first launched its Falcon 9, a bigger craft so named for its use of nine engines, and the following year it broke ground on a launch site for the Falcon Heavy, a craft the company hoped would be the first to break the $1,000-per-pound-to-orbit cost barrier and that might one day be used to transport astronauts into deep space. In December 2010 the company reached another milestone, becoming the first commercial company to release a spacecraft—the Dragon capsule—into orbit and successfully return it to Earth. Dragon again made history on May 25, 2012, when it became the first commercial spacecraft to dock with the ISS, to which it successfully delivered cargo. In August that year, SpaceX announced that it had won a contract from NASA to develop a successor to the space shuttle that would transport astronauts into space.

The Falcon 9 was designed so that its first stage could be reused. In 2015 a Falcon 9 first stage successfully returned to Earth near its launch site. Beginning in 2016, SpaceX also began using drone ships for rocket stage landings. A rocket stage that had returned to Earth was successfully reused in a 2017 launch. That same year, a Dragon capsule was reused on a flight to the ISS. The Falcon Heavy rocket had its first test flight in 2018. Two of the three first stages landed successfully; the third hit the water near the drone ship. That Falcon Heavy did not carry a satellite but instead placed into orbit around the Sun a Tesla Roadster with a mannequin in a space suit buckled into the driver’s seat.

The first crewed flight of a Dragon capsule to the ISS was scheduled for 2019. SpaceX also announced the successor to the Falcon 9 and the Falcon Heavy: the Super Heavy–Starship system (originally called the BFR [Big Falcon Rocket]). The Super Heavy first stage would be capable of lifting 100,000 kg (220,000 pounds) to low Earth orbit. The payload would be the Starship, a spacecraft designed for several purposes, including providing fast transportation between cities on Earth and building bases on the Moon and Mars. SpaceX planned to use the Starship for a flight around the Moon carrying Japanese businessman Maezawa Yusaku and several artists in 2023 and to launch settlers to Mars in the mid-2020s.

Timeline

September 3, 2020

SpaceX targets another Starlink launch Thursday to continue record pace

However, given the number of planned launches for the rest of the year, it seems plausible SpaceX will launch 25 or more rockets in 2020.

September 3, 2020

SpaceX launches 12th Starlink mission, says users getting 100 Mbps downloads

August 31, 2020

SpaceX successfully launches its first polar orbit mission from Florida

August 18, 2020

SpaceX raises $1.9 billion in new funding, according to a regulatory filing on.

June 30, 2020

SpaceX successfully launches an updated GPS satellite for the US Space Force.

May 30, 2020

SpaceX launches its first human crew to space for NASA on the company's new Crew Dragon spacecraft.

May 22, 2020

SpaceX's first crewed spacecraft launch is officially cleared to proceed.

February 17, 2020

SpaceX successfully launches its fifth batch of Starlink internet satellites into orbit.

January 29, 2020

SpaceX launches 60 more satellites for its Starlink satellite internet constellation

September 21, 2019

SpaceX shares Starship progress update.

Page 1 of 3

Funding rounds

Funding round
Funding type
Funding round amount (USD)
Funding round date
Investment
SpaceX Series B round
30,435,000
August 11, 2009
13 Results
Page 1 of 1
Results per page:
Powered by Golden Research Engine

Products

Product
Description
Launch date
Website
Industry
Starlink

Starlink is a constellation of satellites that will orbit in low Earth and provide internet to rural areas.

2020

Spacecraft developed by spacex, designed for both manned and unmanned missions

Family of two-stage-to-orbit launch vehicles designed and manufactured by spacex

Space launch vehicle developed by SpaceX

4 Results
Page 1 of 1
Results per page:
Powered by Golden Research Engine

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Elon Musk

CEO

Gwynne Shotwell

President

Paul Wooster

Principal Mars Development Engineer

Thomas Mueller

Propulsion CTO

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

NASA and SpaceX

NASA / James Cawley

Web Blog

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Arabsat-6A

4/11/2019

Crew Demo-1

3/2/2019

CRS-16

12/5/2018

GPS III

12/23/2018

Iridium-8

1/11/2019

Nusantara Satu

2/21/2019

Spaceflight SSO-A

12/3/2018

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
By MARCIA DUNN, AP Aerospace Writer
September 29, 2020
Houston Chronicle
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) -- A small air leak at the International Space Station finally...
Eric Berger
September 28, 2020
Ars Technica
This will be the company's 11th Starlink mission so far in 2020.
Eric Berger
September 25, 2020
Ars Technica
"We're looking forward to this journey with SpaceX."
Eric Berger
September 25, 2020
Ars Technica
"Suppression of information will be viewed seriously and action will be initiated."
Eric Berger
September 21, 2020
Ars Technica
"For our customers, it's a pain to go to Russia, the United States, or India."
Eric Berger
September 18, 2020
Ars Technica
"JAXA will deal with the LE-9 engine-related problem in an appropriate manner."
Stuart Clark
September 12, 2020
the Guardian
A composite of long exposure images showing SpaceX's Starlink satellite constellation passing over London earlier this year. Photograph: Stephen Chung/Alamy Live News
Eric Berger
September 11, 2020
Ars Technica
"At some point, commercial entities are going to catch up."
Eric Berger
September 11, 2020
Ars Technica
"We believe the current providers address the plans we have today for the near future."
By MARCIA DUNN, AP Aerospace Writer
September 7, 2020
Houston Chronicle
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) - Bulked-up, mutant "mighty mice" held onto their muscle during a monthlong stay at the International Space Station, returning to Earth with ripped bodybuilder physiques, scientists reported Monday. The findings hold promise for preventing muscle and bone loss in astronauts on prolonged space trips like Mars missions, as well as people on Earth who are confined to bed or need wheelchairs. A research team led by Dr. Se-Jin Lee of the Jackson Laboratory in Connecticut sent 40 young female black mice to the space station in December, launching aboard a SpaceX rocket. In a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Lee said the 24 regular untreated mice lost considerable muscle and bone mass in weightlessness as expected - up to 18%. But the eight genetically engineered "mighty mice" launched with double the muscle maintained their bulk. Their muscles appeared to be comparable to similar "mighty mice" that stayed behind at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. In addition, eight normal mice that received "mighty mouse" treatment in space returned to Earth with dramatically bigger muscles. The treatment involves blocking a pair of proteins that typically limit muscle mass. A SpaceX capsule brought all 40 mice back in good condition, parachuting into the Pacific off the California coast in January. Some of the ordinary mice were injected with the "mighty mice" drug after returning and quickly built up more muscle than their untreated companions, Lee said. The scientists completed the experiment just as the coronavirus was hitting the U.S. "The only silver lining of COVID is that we had time to write it up very intensively" and submit the results for publication, said Dr. Emily Germain-Lee of...
Eric Berger
September 4, 2020
Ars Technica
"It is a unique structure unparalleled in the world."
Eric Berger
September 3, 2020
Ars Technica
Next up: More hops, a tank test, and higher flights, most likely.
Eric Berger
September 3, 2020
Ars Technica
Company also says it has successfully tested Inter-Satellite links.
Eric Berger
September 3, 2020
Ars Technica
California company appears likely to launch at least two dozen rockets in 2020.
Jon Brodkin
September 2, 2020
Ars Technica
Hundreds of ISPs apply for $16 billion in grants to expand in rural areas.
Darrell Etherington
August 31, 2020
TechCrunch
SpaceX performed a milestone first polar orbital launch of a satellite from its East Coast launch facility at Cape Canaveral on Sunday. The Falcon 9 mission carried three payloads, including a SAOCOM-1B synthetic aperture radar satellite which was flown on behalf of the Argentine space agency, and two small satellites for clients Tyvack and PlanetiQ. [...]
ANI
August 31, 2020
@bsindia
The launch of next batch of satellites of SpaceXs Starlink project was postponed on Saturday due to inclement weather during pre-flight operations
Eric Berger
August 31, 2020
Ars Technica
Weather was iffy right up until the last few minutes before liftoff.
Jon Brodkin
August 28, 2020
Ars Technica
The problem can be minimized but never fully solved, astronomers' report says.
Darrell Etherington
August 26, 2020
TechCrunch
SpaceX has secured a contract to act as the launch partner for Masten Space Systems, one of the companies awarded a NASA launch contract under that agency's Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) program. Masten's first lunar mission is set to take pace 2022 if all goes to plan, and will take the company's XL-1 lunar [...]
SHOW MORE

References

Page 1 of 3
Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.