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Swarm Technologies

Swarm Technologies

Swarm Technologies is a nanosatellite manufacturer and operator.


Swarm Technologies claims that it operates the lowest cost two-way satellite communications network in the world, offering global coverage across a range of industries.

The company also claims that once it launches its full constellation, there will be at least three satellites covering every point on Earth at all times. These satellites can be tracked online, which is enabled through a partnership with LeoLabs.


Swarm designs and builds all the hardware, software, and protocols for its satellites and user modems, controlling the entire manufacturing chain.

Customer to satellite

Data flows from the customer device to a Swarm Tile, and from there to a Swarm satellite using the company's proprietary protocol. Every hop-level transmission is acknowledged. Each Swarm Tile can store 2000 unsent user messages.

Satellite to ground Station

The Swarm network is a store-and-forward system, and the satellites can store 4000 messages. Satellites transmit the customer messages to Swarm ground stations. As there is usually a station in view, messages can be sent promptly. Each transmission is acknowledged by the ground station for confirmation of receipt.

Ground station to customer

Messages are immediately relayed from the Swarm ground stations to the Swarm back-end servers through a secure Internet connection. They are then accessible to customers via various access methods, including RESTful API or webhook. The Swarm network is two-way with optional end-to-end AES256-GCM encryption.


Swarm offers a hardware and data service. The Swarm Tile is a hardware solution that connects any IoT device to the Swarm network, and a subscription-based data plan allows users to manage data volumes according to their needs.

Swarm also offers developer tools such as Swarm Hive, Swarm Public GitHub, and Swarm Satellite Pass Predictor to its users.

Swarm Tile

The Swarm Tile was designed to be embedded into an IoT device and to be compatible with any new or existing PCB design. This device has a built-in GPS and is purposed for asset tracking, relaying sensor data, and industrial IoT applications.

The Swarm Tile satellite data modem transmits and receives data to and from Swarm’s space network. Swarm back-end systems can support delivery of customer data via a Swarm REST API to the Swarm cloud or user email, text message, AWS, Slack, and more.

The Swarm Tile communicates via a standard 3.3v CMOS serial UART or a developer-provided PC interface with a USB-to-serial converter.

The Swarm Tile is a miniaturized module suitable for a variety of low-bandwidth, latency-tolerant use cases: from connecting people, tracking vehicles, ships, and packages to relaying sensor data for agriculture, energy, and industrial IoT applications.

The Swarm Tile supports a number of low-power modes that can can be triggered for wake-up by a built-in timer, external GPIO, or via serial command. It allows for message transmission access of less than one minute 95% of the time.


The Swarm Tile's components include:

  • GPS
  • VHF radio with integrated T/R switch
  • U.FL connector for GPS
  • VHF antenna (SMD interface also available)
  • ARM Cortex-M4 processor
  • Indicator LEDs
  • CMOS serial UART interface
  • 3.3V GPIO SENSORS Onboard GPS (lat/lon/alt)

The Swarm's tile dimensions are 58.7 mm x 27.4 mm x 6.0 mm, and its mass is 14 grams. The Swarm Tile has three power modes:

  • Sleep mode (3.3V): 22 μA (max)
  • Receive mode (3.3V): 30 mA (typ), 35 mA (max)
  • Transmit mode (3.3V): 888 mA (typ), 939 mA (max)

The device is operational between -55 C to +130 and is survivable from -220 C to +160 C. It operates at a bit rate of 1 kbps and frequencies of 137-138 MHz (downlink) and 148-150 MHz (uplink).

Data plan

If purchased directly from Swarm, the data plan costs $5 per month, with no set up or other fees. Swarm’s data plan is an annual contract that provides 750 data packets per device per month, up to 192 Bytes per packet.


Swarm serves a variety of industries and sectors, including agriculture, maritime, energy, ground transportation, and environment.


Swarm aims to improve agricultural efficiency and decrease waste by keeping IoT devices connected in the most secluded locations. According to a 2019 USDA report, 25% of farms in the US might not have access to the internet. Swarm's agricultural applications include:

  • Soil moisture monitoring
  • Irrigation control
  • Animal tracking & trap monitoring
  • Crop quality and yield improvement
  • Disease and pest pattern tracking
  • Crop storage monitoring
Source: Allied Market Research

Swarm's solutions can be applied in maritime applications, such as buoys and cargo ships, allowing clients to connect devices and gather data at sea. Swarm's maritime applications include:

  • Ship tracking
  • Buoy tracking and data management
  • Weather and environmental data
  • Emergency response
  • Performance data
  • Cargo tracking

Swarm provides two-way connectivity to wind farms, pipelines, and smart meters around the world. Swarm's energy applications include:

  • Equipment monitoring
  • Remote tank monitoring
  • Smart meters
  • Crew safety
  • Failure detection
  • Asset tracking
Ground transportation

Swarm’s two-way network ensures reliable data transference to and from fleet telematics systems, irrespective of the destination travelled to. Swarm's ground transportation applications include:

  • Vehicle tracking
  • Equipment usage
  • Fleet management systems
  • Cold chain logistics
  • Cargo tracking
  • Emergency assistance

Swarm enables global development and research organizations to deploy IoT devices at scale in the remote areas. Swarm's environmental applications include:

  • Weather and environmental data
  • Air and water quality monitoring
  • Disaster response
  • Asset tracking
  • Geofencing notifications
  • Pollution tracking
Use cases

SweetSense opted for Swarm's solution to provide reliable connectivity for its sensors. Swarm’s global, no dead-zone network enables SweetSense’s devices to transmit data from remote areas. The image on the right portrays a Swarm Tile satellite modem integrated into a SweetSense device.

Swarm’s global coverage keeps SweetSense’s devices connected irrespective of their location and ensures that the critical data collected by SweetSense is transmitted without interruption.


Swarm has partnered with Autonomic to provide a low-cost connectivity platform for connected vehicles. Swarm's solution allows Autonomic's Transportation Mobility Cloud (TMC) to connect diverse components of mobility systems, including connected vehicles, mass transit, pedestrians, city infrastructure, and service providers in populated as well as remote areas.


LayerX, an IoT company, facilitated the first commercial transfer of data over Swarm's satellite network. A LayerX gateway, which costs approximately $1000, is designed to aggregate data from various IoT sensors and send data to Swarm's network of satellites. Swarm, in turn, can relay that data to any place in the world.


January 2019
Swarm Technologies raises a $25,000,000 series A round from 4DX Ventures, Craft Ventures, NJF Capital, Sky Dayton and Social Capital.
December 5, 2016
Swarm Technologies raises a $2,700,000 seed round from Social Capital.

Funding Rounds




Further Resources


Introducing the Swarm Eval Kit


July 30, 2021


August 10, 2021
SpaceX is acquiring satellite connectivity startup Swarm Technologies for an undisclosed sum, it first acquisition in the 19 years of its existence
Richard Dal Porto
August 9, 2021
Hello friends and welcome to Daily Crunch, bringing you the most important startup, tech and venture capital news in a single package.
Aria Alamalhodaei
August 9, 2021
SpaceX will be acquiring satellite connectivity startup Swarm Technologies, the first such deal for the 19-year-old space company headed by Elon Musk. Swarm operates a constellation of 120 sandwich-sized satellites as well as a ground station network. The deal would transfer control of Swarm's ground and space licenses to SpaceX, in addition to any licenses [...]


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