DARPA

DARPA

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technologies.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is part of the United States Department of Defense making "pivotal investments in breakthrough technologies for national security".

Dwight D. Eisenhower created the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) on February 7, 1958 in response to the Soviet Union's successful launch of the first satellite into earth's orbit, Sputnik 1, in 1957. The successful launch of Sputnik 1 caught the US government and president Eisenhower off guard. Eisenhower went on to say that ARPA was created to "prevent technological surprise".

ARPA would later be renamed to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in 1972. DARPA was briefly became ARPA again from 1993-1996, before adopting DARPA again in 1996. According to the Deputy Secretary of Defense at the time, William Perry, DAPRA adopted it's former name ARPA to "expand the agency's mission to pursue imaginative and innovative research and development projects having significant potential for both military and commercial (dual-use) applications."

Technologies developed by DARPA

Since the founding of DARPA in 1958, the agency has been responsible for developing several important technologies. Notable technologies developed, or helped, by DARPA include: the internet, graphical user interfaces (GUIs), the weather satellite, interactive maps (Example: Google Maps), voice-recognition systems (Example: Amazon's Alexa and Apple's Siri), Unix, cloud computing, and Global Positioning Systems (GPS).

Programs
Living Foundries

This program seeks to enhance national defense through improving the synthetic biology capabilities of the United States of America. The living foundries program consists of two primary programs: 1. Living foundries: Advanced Tools and Capabilities for Generalizable Platforms (ATCG), and 2. Living Foundries: 1000 Molecules.

Timeline

August 1, 1960
Success of the Corona program

The Corona photo-reconnaissance program was a joint spy satellite program between ARPA and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). A satellite from the program successfully took and delivered photos to the United States government that were taken over the Soviet Union, providing military intelligence during the Cold War until the program was decommissioned in 1972.

Image taken by the Corona photo-reconnaissance program.

April 1, 1960
Launch of first weather satellite (TIROS)

ARPA in partnership with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), U.S. Defense Department, and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) worked together on the Television and Infrared Observations Satellites (TIROS) program to develop and successfully launch the worlds first weather satellite into orbit.

Animation of the TIROS satellite.

January 1, 1960
Establishment of the scientific field of material science

ARPA announced in the first three materials science and engineering contracts to their own Interdisciplinary Laboratory (IDL) program. The IDL program continued issuing new material science contracts until 1972 when the National Science Foundation took over the program changing its name to the Materials Research Laboratories (MRL) program.

January 1, 1959
Electronically Steered Array Radar (ESAR) program

ARPA pioneers supporting technologies and construction of the first ground-based phased array radars.

Photo of a ground-based phased array radar made by ARPA.

October 4, 1957
The Sputnik surprise and creation of ARPA

The Soviet Union (USSR) successfully launches the worlds first satellite into orbit, surprising the United States government. This event ultimately lead to the creation of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) on February 7, 1958 with the goal of keeping the United States the global technological superpower.

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Andreas Olofsson

Program Manager

Aratl Prabhakar

Director

Brian M. Pierce

Deputy Director of Information Innovation Office

Dan Kaufman

Director

Daniel Wattendorf

Program Manager

Jerome Dunn

Program Manager

Justin Sanchez

Program Manager

Paul Tighman

Program Manager of Microsystems Technology Office

Peter Hihgnam

Deputy Director

Stefanie Tompkins

Acting Deputy Director

Steven H. Walker

Director

Timothy Chung

Program Manager

Tyler McQuade

Deputy Director of Defense Sciences Office

William Chappell

Director of Microsystems Technology Office

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

"Special Forces" Innovation: How DARPA Attacks Problems

Regina E. Dugan and Kaigham J. Gabriel

Web article

DARPA To Fund New AI Concepts With Millions

Sam Shead

News article

DARPA's Biotech Chief Says 2017 Will "Blow Our Minds"

Dina Fine Maron

Web article

Drones Recharged by a Laser Could Fly Forever

Kyle Mizokami

News article

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Voices from DARPA (Podcast)

N/A

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Fiona Murray
April 5, 2021
Harvard Business Review
Why limiting time and outcomes -- instead of budget and risk -- inspires teams to think big.
DNA Script
March 3, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- DNA Script a annoncé aujourd'hui que la société a été sélectionnée par GE Research pour prendre part à une collaboration de recherche visant à...
Molecular Assemblies, Inc.
March 2, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Molecular Assemblies, Inc., a pioneer in the field of enzymatic DNA synthesis, today announced the company's participation in a new project...
March 2, 2021
WebWire
, , , , • Mobile platform intended to produce -1,000s of ready-to-use doses at the site of need in under 3 days , , • Project leverages GE's expertise regarding synthetic method for producing industrial amounts of DNA , , • GE's DNA-based approach could be compatible with new, recently approved RNA-based COVID-19 vaccines , , , , , , Aiming to enable vaccine production on-demand, anywhere in the world in just days, GE Research and a multi-disciplinary team that includes the Broad Institute,...
Greg Heffer
February 18, 2021
Sky News
The Advanced Research & Invention Agency (ARIA) is to be the brainchild of Boris Johnson's former chief adviser Dominic Cummings.
The Linux Foundation
February 17, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- The Linux Foundation (LF), the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, today announced it has signed a...
Prime Movers Lab
February 16, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Prime Movers Lab - an investor in breakthrough scientific startups that will revolutionize the world's most important industries and transform...
Arthur Holland Michel
February 4, 2021
Wired
Security cameras. License plate readers. Smartphone trackers. Drones. We're being watched 24/7. What happens when all those data streams fuse into one?
Devin Coldewey
February 3, 2021
TechCrunch
Training AIs is essential to today's tech sector, but handling the amount of data needed to do so is intrinsically dangerous. DARPA hopes to change that by tapping the encryption experts at Duality to create a hardware-accelerated method of using large quantities of data without decrypting it -- a $14.5 million contract. Duality specializes in [...]
January 27, 2021
Harvard Business Review
The U.S. military's approach to developing emerging technologies is famous for cutting edge innovation. Can the same model work for healthcare?
Alex Davies
January 6, 2021
Wired
The self-driving vehicles smashed, burned, flipped, and tipped. But the ambitious race through the Mojave launched an industry.
Alex Davies
December 27, 2020
Business Insider
Together, Anthony Levandowski and Chris Urmson launched the self-driving industry. Their rivalry threatened to tear it apart.
Kris Holt
December 11, 2020
Engadget
The agency is still working on its Gremlins reusable drone project.
Sarah Scoles
December 10, 2020
Wired
Fixing, refueling, and upgrading satellites in orbit is about to become more common. A group is pushing for international standards to keep these missions safe.
MarketsandMarkets
December 2, 2020
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- According to the new market research report "Facial Recognition Market by Component (Software Tools (3D Facial Recognition) and Services),...
December 1, 2020
BioSpace
Berkshire Biomedical Strengthens Advisory Board with Appointment of Colonel (ret) Geoffrey S. F. Ling, M.D., Ph.D. - read this article along with other careers information, tips and advice on BioSpace
Polyplexus
November 16, 2020
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Polyplexus, a DARPA-funded online social platform that hosts evidence-based conversation, announced today a new bracket-style competition to...
The Economist
November 15, 2020
The Economist
But they will be wingmen, not captains
November 5, 2020
Space War
Arlington VA (SPX) Oct 27, 2020 - DARPA's SIGMA+ program conducted a week-long deployment of advanced chemical and biological sensing systems in the Indianapolis metro region in August, collecting more than 250 hours of daily life b
SHOW MORE

References

Page 1 of 2
Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.