There are various distinct categories in this area: Cultured meat, Plant-based meat, and Clean eggs and dairy. Cultured meat, also known as cell-based meat, is grown in bioreactors using techniques derived from cellular agriculture, and plant-based meats are made through unique combinations of plant derived ingredients and other non-animal products. Protein products are also produced by microbes such algae, yeast, fungi and bacteria.
Technologies for making cell and plant-based meat products
Growing meat in the lab involves cell culture and tissue engineering techniques for growing muscle fibers, fat and blood vessels, from stem cells or immortalized cell lines. Synthetic biology and genetic engineering of plants or microbes can be used to produce growth factors and nutrients needed to support growth of these tissues.
- Stem cells
- Growth factor
- 3D cell culture, hyaluronic acid hydrogel scaffolds
- Serum-free media
- Feeder-free culture
- Cell harvesting
- Tissue engineering
- Recombinant protein
- Recombinant DNA
- Cell line development
- Cell culture media
Organizations of the industry
The activity of organizations within the space span from clean meat products in several food categories, clean meat processing, technological development, academic research, education, mentorship, and capital investment.
Cultured meat, materials, and products
Meat grown using cellular agriculture. Also known as clean meat, in vitro meat, and cell-based meat. Companies that use cellular agriculture to produce materials like silk and leather, and companies that produce ingredients for food and food processing like protein flavors, fillers, coloring, etc. Companies that produce blood, nutrients and growth factors contribute to both cultured meat and pharmaceutical industries.
Products made out of cultured blood.
Plant-based meat and proteins
Non-animal based proteins. Meat alternatives made from plant materials.
Plant-based dairy and egg alternatives
Plant-based milk is made by grinding a nut, seed, or bean and adding the dissolved and disintegrated plant material and extracts into water. In order to stabilize the liquid, some products are homogenized, or thermal treatments are applied. Plant milk can be made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashew, oats, tigernuts, rice, hemp, peas, macadamia, quinoa, sesame, peanut, pecan, flax, and hazelnuts. Clean eggs can be produced via a mixture of algae or plant-based proteins, yeast, and a leavening agent.
Microorganism based protein
Supporting the production cultured or plant-based products
Many academic research groups, non-profit groups and business incubators are involved in the development and promotion of cultured meat, plant-based meat and other animal-free products. Culturing systems and food processing facilities support various stages in manufacturing these new animal-free proteins and products.
Funding new dietary protein sources
These venture capital firms and venture partners are supporting the growth of the cell based meat and clean meat industry.
Patents for cell and plat-based meat
Engineering vascularized muscle tissue
Methods for large scale generation of stem cells
Apparatus and Method for Forming Fibers
Cellular Reprogramming for Product Optimization
Methods and Compositions for Synthesizing Improved Silk Fibers
Improved silk fibers
Recombinant protein fiber yarns with improved properties
Recombinant protein fiber yarns with improved properties
Long uniform recombinant protein fibers
Methods and compositions for egg white protein production
Empire Technology Development
Systems and methods for growing cells in vitro
Expression of proteins in gram-negative bacteria wherein the ratio of periplasmic volume to cytoplasmic volume is between 0.5:1 and 10:1
Growth guidance system, growth induction controller, growth guidance control method, and the growth induction control program
Industrial production of meat
Method for producing tissue engineered meat for consumption
Method for scalable skeletal muscle lineage specification and cultivation
Methods for extending the replicative capacity of somatic cells during an ex vivo cultivation process
Self-Assembling Cell Aggregates and Methods of Making Engineered Tissue Using the Same
Self-assembling multicellular bodies and methods of producing a three-dimensional biological structure using the same
Engineered comestible meat
Dried food products formed from cultured muscle cells
Spherical multicellular aggregates with endogenous extracellular matrix
Methods and devices for preparing and continuously printing multicellular cylinders onto biocompatible substrates
Behind the Hype of 'Lab-Grown' Meat
Ryan F. Mandelbaum
Cellular Agriculture 101
Cleat Meat Patent Analysis
Consumer Interest Towards Clean Meat
History & the Neomnivore
Meat consumption, health, and the environment
H. Charles J. Godfray, Paul Aveyard, Tara Garnett, Jim W. Hall, Timothy J. Key, Jamie Lorimer, Ray T. Pierrehumbert, Peter Scarborough, Marco Springmann, Susan A. Jebb
Meat Planet: Artificial Flesh and the Futures of Food
Benjamin A. Wurgaft
Nature & the Neomnivore
The Science Behind Lab-Grown Meat
Would you eat slaughter-free meat?
Regan Morris, James Cook
Documentaries, videos and podcasts
Cellular Agriculture, Clean Meat, Developments, Building a New Industry, and How to Get Involved With New Harvest Research Director Dr. Kate Krueger
22 May 2018
Cultured Meat and Future Food Podcast
Cultured Meat and Future Food Podcast Episode 01: Brad Barbera
Cultured Meat and Future Food Podcast Episode 02: Daan Luining
Our Hen House : Episode 359: Uma Valeti of Memphis Meats, and Pamela Fergusson, Vegan RD
November 26, 2016
Our Hen House : Episode 451: Brenna Taylor, Operations Coordinator of Seattle Food Tech
September 1, 2018
The next global agricultural revolution
What Is Clean Meat? Paul Shapiro On The Future of Food | Rich Roll
January 21, 2018
Would you eat meat grown in a lab? - BBC Newsnight
April 4, 2018