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Cluster: Cell-based and plant-based meat

Cluster: Cell-based and plant-based meat

A cluster of topics related to cultured meat, plant-based meat, and cellular agriculture.

Introduction

There are various distinct categories in this area: Cultured meat, Plant-based meat, and Clean eggs and dairy. Cultured meat, also known as cell-based meat, is grown in bioreactors using techniques derived from cellular agriculture, and plant-based meats are made through unique combinations of plant derived ingredients and other non-animal products.

Organizations of the industry

The activity of organizations within the space span from clean meat products in several food categories, clean meat processing, technological development, academic research, education, mentorship, and capital investment.

Cultured meat

Meat grown using cellular agriculture. Also known as clean meat, in vitro meat, and cell-based meat.

Beef

Pork products

Poultry

Seafood

Pet foods

Technologies

Growing meat in the lab involves cell culture and tissue engineering techniques for growing muscle fibers, fat and blood vessels, from stem cells or immortalized cell lines. Synthetic biology and genetic engineering of plants or microbes can be used to produce growth factors and nutrients needed to support growth of these tissues.

Plant-based meat and proteins

Non-animal based proteins. Meat alternatives made from plant materials.

Beef alternatives:

Pork alternatives

Poultry alternatives

Seafood alternatives

Other plant based meat alternatives

Plant-based dairy and egg alternatives

Plant-based milk is made by grinding a nut, seed, or bean and adding the dissolved and disintegrated plant material and extracts into water. In order to stabilize the liquid, some products are homogenized, or thermal treatments are applied. Plant milk can be made from soy, almonds, coconuts, cashew, oats, tigernuts, rice, hemp, peas, macadamia, quinoa, sesame, peanut, pecan, flax, and hazelnuts. Clean eggs can be produced via a mixture of algae or plant-based proteins, yeast, and a leavening agent.

Butter

Other milk and dairy products

Clean eggs

Other cultured materials

Companies that use cellular agriculture to produce materials like silk and leather, and companies that produce ingredients for food and food processing like protein flavors, fillers, coloring, etc. Companies that produce blood, nutrients and growth factors contribute to both cultured meat and pharmaceutical industries.

Leather and other materials

Blood products

Protein ingredients

Oils

Supporting the production cultured or plant-based products

Many academic research groups, non-profit groups and business incubators are involved in the development and promotion of cultured meat, plant-based meat and other animal-free products. Culturing systems and food processing facilities support various stages in manufacturing these new animal-free proteins and products.

Processing cultured meat

Culturing systems

Business incubators and accelerators

Nonprofits and charitable organizations

Conferences

Academia

Books

Funding new dietary protein sources

These venture capital firms and venture partners are supporting the growth of the cell based meat and clean meat industry.

Venture Capital Firms

Venture Partners

Organization
Location
'Animal' Product Type
Type of Clean Meat
Organization Type

San Francisco, CA

Serum-free media

Cellular agriculture

Company

San Francisco, CA

Clean Meat

Cellular Agriculture

Company

San Fransisco, California, USA

Fish

Cellular agriculture

Company

Geltor

San Leandro, California, USA

Collagen and gelatin

Cellular agriculture

Company

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Design of custom fermented yeast products

Cellular agriculture/synthetic biology

Company

New York City

Fish and crab meat

Plant-based seafood

Company

Redwood City, California, USA

Beef

Plant-based meat

Company

JUST,Inc

San Francisco, California, USA

Meat, egg, dairy

Cellular agriculture, plant-based meat

Company

San Francisco, California, USA

Beef, poultry

Cellular agriculture

Company

New York City, New York, US

Collagen

Cellular agriculture

Company

MosaMeat

Maastricht, Netherlands

Beef

Cellular agriculture

Company

Washington, D.C., US A

Venture capital for clean meat products

Cellular agriculture, plant-based meat

Fund

New York City, New York, USA

Promotes the commercialization of clean meat

Cellular agriculture

Charity

San Francisco, California, USA

Seafood

Plant-based

Company

New York City, New York, USA

Fish

Plant-based

Company

San Francisco, California, USA

Milk proteins

Cellular agriculture

Company

Tokyo, Japan

Meat

Cellular agriculture

Non-profit

Patents

Organization
Title
Focus
Priority date
Identifier
Status
Link

Engineering vascularized muscle tissue

Muscle

2/4/2005

US20100018584A1

Abandoned

Methods for large scale generation of stem cells

Stem Cells

7/17/2013

WO2015008275A1

Pending

Cellular Reprogramming for Product Optimization

Silk

10/22/2012

US20150293076A1

Pending

Methods and Compositions for Synthesizing Improved Silk Fibers

Silk

9/17/2013

US20170088675A1

Active

Recombinant protein fiber yarns with improved properties

Silk

6/11/2015

US20180216260A1

Pending

Recombinant protein fiber yarns with improved properties

Silk

6/10/2016

WO2017214618A1

Pending

Long uniform recombinant protein fibers

Silk

9/14/2016

US20180111970A1

Pending

Elastomeric proteins

Silk

1/13/2017

WO2018132821A2

Pending

Apparatus and Method for Forming Fibers

Silk

6/6/2006

US20100013115A1

Pending

Improved silk fibers

Silk

3/16/2015

US20180057548A1

Pending

Methods and compositions for egg white protein production

Egg Whites

11/11/2014

WO2016077457A1

Pending

Empire Technology Development

Synthetic Meat

Meat

10/21/2009

US20170253849A1

Pending

Systems and methods for growing cells in vitro

Meat

7/11/2016

WO2018011805A9

Pending

Geltor

Expression of proteins in gram-negative bacteria wherein the ratio of periplasmic volume to cytoplasmic volume is between 0.5:1 and 10:1

Collagen

3/29/2016

WO2017172994A1

Pending

Growth guidance system, growth induction controller, growth guidance control method, and the growth induction control program

Meat

5/2/2016

JP6111510B1

Active

Industrial production of meat

Meat

12/18/1997

US7270829B2

Active

Method for producing tissue engineered meat for consumption

Meat

11/17/2000

US20050010965A1

Active

Method for scalable skeletal muscle lineage specification and cultivation

Meat

10/30/2013

US20160227830A1

Pending

Methods for extending the replicative capacity of somatic cells during an ex vivo cultivation process

Meat

1/14/2016

WO2017124100A1

Pending

Self-Assembling Cell Aggregates and Methods of Making Engineered Tissue Using the Same

Meat

2/24/2004

US20170145386A1

Active

Engineered comestible meat

Meat

7/26/2011

US8703216B2

Active

Dried food products formed from cultured muscle cells

Meat

7/26/2012

US20160227831A1

Active

Spherical multicellular aggregates with endogenous extracellular matrix

Meat

9/7/2012

WO2014039938A1

Pending

Methods and devices for preparing and continuously printing multicellular cylinders onto biocompatible substrates

Meat

1/9/2013

WO2014110250A1

Pending

Edible and animal-product-free microcarriers for engineered meat

Meat

9/13/2013

US20150079238A1

Active

SHOW ALL (65)

Timeline

People

Name
Role
Related Golden topics

Mark Post

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type

Behind the Hype of 'Lab-Grown' Meat

Ryan F. Mandelbaum

Clean Meat

Paul Shapiro

Cleat Meat Patent Analysis

Robert Yaman

Meat Planet: Artificial Flesh and the Futures of Food

Benjamin A. Wurgaft

The Science Behind Lab-Grown Meat

Would you eat slaughter-free meat?

Regan Morris, James Cook

Web

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Cellular Agriculture, Clean Meat, Developments, Building a New Industry, and How to Get Involved With New Harvest Research Director Dr. Kate Krueger

22 May 2018

Cultured Meat and Future Food Podcast

Cultured Meat and Future Food Podcast Episode 01: Brad Barbera

Cultured Meat and Future Food Podcast Episode 02: Daan Luining

Would you eat meat grown in a lab? - BBC Newsnight

April 4, 2018

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

References