OpenAI

OpenAI

OpenAI is a non-profit AI research company, discovering and enacting the path to safe artificial general intelligence.

OpenAI is a non-profit artificial general intelligence research company. The company was founded in 2015 by Elon Musk, Greg Brockman, Ilya Sutskever, Sam Altman, and Wojciech Zaremba, in San Francisco, California, United States.

OpenAI's mission is to build safe AGI, and ensure AGI's benefits are as widely and evenly distributed as possible. OpenAI was founded with the belief that the first AGIs will have impact that greatly exceeds that of preceding AI technologies.

OpenAI is a research company with a full-time staff of 60 researchers and engineers who are dedicated to working towards the organization's mission. Their focus is on long-term research - working on problems that require making fundamental advances in AI capabilities. By being at the forefront of the field, OpenAI wants to influence the conditions under which AGI is created. As Alan Kay said, "The best way to predict the future is to invent it." Being concerned with how AGI is created, the organization plans to slowly spend their supported commitments that total $1billion.

Much research by OpenAI is published at top machine learning conferences. The organization also contributes open-source software tools for accelerating AI research and releases blog posts to communicate their research to others in the field. OpenAI does not believe in keeping information private for private benefit, although they do expect to create formal processes for keeping technologies private when there are safety concerns. The company is known for their openness to collaboration with other organizations and researchers, and keep their patents and findings accessible to the public.

Multi-Agent Interactions

OpenAI has developed artificial intelligence that has trained to play hide-and-seek against itself (involves hiders and seekers). The AI was trained without any predetermined explicit incentives, other than the hiders are to avoid the seekers line of sight, and the seekers are meant to keep the hiders in their line of sight. The hiders eventually learned to find objects, and use them to block seekers, and continued to learn new strategies as seekers did to accomplish their tasks. Emergent strategies were the result of autocurriculum. The company believes that these multi-agent dynamics can lead to complex behavior, similar to human behavior.

MuseNet

MuseNet is a deep neural network that is capable of composing musical pieces with up to ten different instruments, and write them in any genre, lasting four minutes. The software was not programmed with our understanding of music, but learned from predicting the next note in a MIDI file thousands of times. To train, the organization used data from ClassicalArchives and BitMidi.

GPT-3

GPT-3 is an autoregressive language model with 175 billion parameters made by OpenAI that launched on May 29, 2020 .The model builds on the transformer-based language model previously made by OpenAI called GPT-2 that had 1.5 billion parameters. GPT-3 improves on GPT-2 by adopting and scaling features present in GPT-2 such as modified initialization, pre-normalization, and reversible tokenization. GPT-3 training can improve scaling up language models primarily through improved task-agnostic and few-shot performance compared to the GPT-2 model. Open AI claims GPT-3 is approaching the performance of SOTA fine-tuned systems for generating quality performance and samples for defined tasks.

According to the GitHub depository of GPT-3, it can achieve strong performance when dealing with NLP datasets such as translation, question-answering, and cloze tasks. It can also perform on-the-fly reasoning/domain adaptation tasks like unscrambling words, using novel words in sentences, and performing 3-digit arithmetic. The performance of GPT-3 in few-shot learning and training on large web corpora datasets face methodological issues which produce results which are undesirable. GPT-3 was founded to be capable of producing news articles that are difficult for humans to distinguish from news articles written by humans.

Timeline

October 1, 2019

OpenAI attended Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing 2019 as a Sponsor

July 2019

OpenAI raises a $100,000,000 corporate funding round from Microsoft.

2019

OpenAI forms OpenAI LP as a "capped" for-profit with $1 billion in funding from Microsoft.

August 22, 2016

OpenAI attended Y Combinator Summer 2016 Demo Day as an Exhibitor

Funding rounds

Funding round
Funding type
Funding round amount (USD)
Funding round date
Investment
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People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Ankur Handa

Research Scientist

Dario Amodei

Research Scientist

Co-Founder

Greg Brockman

Co-Founder, CTO, Chairman

Ilya Sutskever

Co-Founder, Research Director

Jack Clark

Strategy & Communications Director

Jonas Schneider

Engineering Lead, Robotics

Co-Founder, CEO

Wojciech Zaremba

Co-Founder

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Emergent Tool Use from Multi-Agent Interaction

Bowen Baker

Web

September 17, 2019

MuseNet

Christine Payne

Web

April 25, 2019

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

OpenAI

Sam Altman

San Francisco, California, United States

Researching Artificial General Intelligence

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Lou Kerner
July 28, 2020
AlleyWatch
The Pulse of New York Tech
Tom Simonite
July 22, 2020
Wired
The new program from OpenAI shows how far the field has come--and how far it has to go.
Alex Hern
June 12, 2020
the Guardian
Elon Musk-backed OpenAI to release text tool it called dangerous | Artificial intelligence (AI) | The Guardian
Federica Carugati
June 12, 2020
Wired
To ensure our AI-driven future is just ant equitable, we should borrow from Ancient Athens.
Devin Coldewey
June 11, 2020
TechCrunch
If you've ever wanted to try out OpenAI's vaunted machine learning toolset, it just got a lot easier. The company has released an API that lets developers call its AI tools in on "virtually any English language task." Basically, if you've got a task that requires understanding word in English, OpenAI wants to help automate [...]
Adrian Potoroaca
May 20, 2020
TechSpot
At its virtual Build 2020 developer conference, Microsoft revealed several interesting sneak peeks into its latest efforts to unify Windows 10 app development, offer more useful tools for power users, and integrate more Linux goodies via the Windows Subsystem for Linux.
Jagmeet Singh
May 19, 2020
NDTV Gadgets 360
Microsoft at Build 2020 on Tuesday announced its supercomputer that is touted to be the fifth most powerful publicly recorded supercomputer and the first to be hosted in the Azure cloud.
Frederic Lardinois
May 19, 2020
TechCrunch
At its Build developer conference, Microsoft today announced that it has teamed up with OpenAI, the startup trying to build a general artificial intelligence with -- among other things -- a $1 billion investment from Microsoft, to create one of the world's fastest supercomputers on top of Azure's infrastructure. Microsoft says that the 285,000-core machine [...]
By James Pero For Dailymail.com
May 15, 2020
Mail Online
ThisWordDoesnNotExist . co , from Thomas Dimson, who formerly worked for Instagram, not only generates make-believe words with just a click, it conjures their equally as fake definitions.
May 7, 2020
Geekologie
This is a video of the result of Youtuber Lil'Alien [Agentalex9 Alt.] feeding Rick Astley's rickrolling classic 'Never Gonna Give You Up' into the Jukebox neural network developed by OpenAI to create more song lyrics for the song. The...
Devin Coldewey
April 30, 2020
TechCrunch
AI-generated music is a fascinating new field, and deep-pocketed research outfit OpenAI has hit new heights in it, creating recreations of songs in the style of Elvis, 2Pac, and others. The results are convincing, but fall squarely in the unnerving "uncanny valley" of audio, sounding rather like good, but drunk, karaoke heard through a haze of drugs.
Ram Shankar Siva Kumar
April 29, 2020
Harvard Business Review
Existing plans might not cover the risks posed by these new technologies.
Darrell Etherington
February 18, 2020
TechCrunch
Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk is once again sounding a warning note regarding the development of artificial intelligence - the executive and founder tweeted on Monday evening that "all org[anizations] developing advance AI should be regulated, including Tesla." Musk was responding to a new MIT Technology Review profile of OpenAI, an organization founded in [...]
Devin Coldewey
December 4, 2019
TechCrunch
Figuring out just what an AI is good at is one of the hardest thing about understanding them. To help determine this, OpenAI has designed a set of games that can help researchers tell whether their machine learning agent is actually learning basic skills or, what is equally likely, has figured out how to rig [...]
By James Pero For Dailymail.com
November 7, 2019
Mail Online
OpenAI, which is backed by Elon Musk, detailed its system, called GPT-2, in February, but stopped short of releasing it over concerns that it might be used to proliferate spam and fake news.
Chris Merriman
November 8, 2019
http://www.theinquirer.net
OpenAI releases GPT2 to the public after banging on for ages that it's a bad idea
James Vincent
November 7, 2019
The Verge
Research lab OpenAI announced it had created a new text-generating AI system called GPT-2 in February, but withheld releasing the full model as it was too dangerous to share. Now it says it's studied the model's reception and has released the full model.
Will Knight
October 16, 2019
Wired
OpenAI demonstrated a robotic arm successfully completing the puzzle. It didn't show the machine dropping the cube--or the 10,000 years of simulated training.
Lucas Matney
October 15, 2019
TechCrunch
There's always been something so annoying about people who found the need to stack additional challenges onto solving a Rubik's Cube quickly, whether it was doing it blind-folded or while juggling or one-handed. While it might have just been a challenge for them, it also seemed like a need to show off. OpenAI is clearly [...]
Steve Lohr
September 26, 2019
www.nytimes.com
A.I. research is becoming increasingly expensive, leaving few people with easy access to the computing firepower necessary to develop the technology.
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References

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