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National Institutes of Health

National Institutes of Health

National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a government agency of the United States whose mission is to seek knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and to apply that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life and reduce illness and disability. The NIH provides leadership, conducts and supports research and information dissemination.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a government agency of the United States whose mission is to seek knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and to apply that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life and reduce illness and disability. NIH works to develop, maintain and renew scientific human and physical resource to ensure the capability of the U.S. to prevent disease. The NIH aims to enhance the economic well-being of the U.S. by expanding the knowledge base in medical and associated sciences and ensuring high return on public investment in research. One of the goals of the NIH is to promote the highest level of scientific integrity, public accountability and social responsibility in the conduct of science.

The NIH provides leadership by conducting and supporting research in the following areas: Diagnosis, prevention and cures for human diseases; Human growth and development; Biological effect of environmental contaminants; Mental, addictive and physical disorders; Programs for collection, dissemination and exchange of information in medicine and health, including training of medical librarians and health information specialists.

Timeline

2015
President Obama’s Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) launched
2013
An agreement was reached between the National Institutes of Health and the Henrietta Lacks family regarding the use of the HeLa genome for research.
1997
A team led by NIH-funded scientists determined the complete genome sequence of the E. coli bacterium
1990
Beginning of the U.S. Human Genome Project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the NIH and part of the international Human Genome Project (HGP) which ran until 2003
1988
Recognizing the importance of computerized information processing methods for the conduct of biomedical research, Congress establishes the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) as a division of the National Library of Medicine
May 1930
The Ransdell Act redesignated the Hygienic Laboratory as the National Institute of Health, authorizing $750,000 for construction of two buildings for NIH, and creating a system of fellowships.
1887
A bacteriological laboratory, known as the Laboratory of Hygiene, was established under Dr. Joseph J. Kinyoun at the Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N.Y., in August, for research on cholera and other infectious diseases (renamed Hygienic Laboratory in 1891.)

Patents

Further reading

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Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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The National Institutes of Health

May 10, 2021

News

Title
Author
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Science X staff
August 10, 2021
phys.org
A potential new treatment for mast cell cancers reduces the number of mast cells by "mutating" the messenger RNA (mRNA) before it can deliver instructions for manufacturing the gene responsible for cell proliferation. The method, known as frameshifting, changes the pre-mRNA so that the mature mRNA is degraded and any protein produced from its instructions is altered and inert. In a mouse model, frameshifting directed at the c-KIT gene reduced mast cell tumor size and prevented infiltration into other organs.
American Association of Kidney Patients
June 21, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Today, the American Association of Kidney Patients (AAKP), the nation's oldest and largest independent kidney patient organization and a global...
BioSpace
June 17, 2021
BioSpace
MindMed (NASDAQ: MNMD) (NEO: MMED) (DE: MMQ) (the "Company"), a leading biotech company developing psychedelic-inspired therapies, has announced the addition of Dr. Peter Bergethon, a world-leading expert in neurology, digital medicine, and central nervous system (CNS) drug development to the Company's Scientific Advisory Board.
Mind Medicine (MindMed) Inc.
June 17, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- MindMed (NASDAQ: MNMD) (NEO: MMED) (DE: MMQ) (the "Company"), a leading biotech company developing psychedelic-inspired therapies, has...
June 16, 2021
WebWire
A group of scientists led by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian reported that the Moderna mRNA vaccine and a protein-based vaccine candidate elicited durable neutralizing antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 in pre-clinical research. There were no adverse effects. The research, published June 15 in Science Immunology, suggests that vaccines for young children are likely important, safe tools to curtail the pandemi...
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References

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