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National Institutes of Health

National Institutes of Health

National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a government agency of the United States whose mission is to seek knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and to apply that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life and reduce illness and disability. The NIH provides leadership, conducts and supports research and information dissemination.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a government agency of the United States whose mission is to seek knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and to apply that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life and reduce illness and disability. NIH works to develop, maintain and renew scientific human and physical resource to ensure the capability of the U.S. to prevent disease. The NIH aims to enhance the economic well-being of the U.S. by expanding the knowledge base in medical and associated sciences and ensuring high return on public investment in research. One of the goals of the NIH is to promote the highest level of scientific integrity, public accountability and social responsibility in the conduct of science.

The NIH provides leadership by conducting and supporting research in the following areas: Diagnosis, prevention and cures for human diseases; Human growth and development; Biological effect of environmental contaminants; Mental, addictive and physical disorders; Programs for collection, dissemination and exchange of information in medicine and health, including training of medical librarians and health information specialists.


President Obama’s Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) launched
An agreement was reached between the National Institutes of Health and the Henrietta Lacks family regarding the use of the HeLa genome for research.
A team led by NIH-funded scientists determined the complete genome sequence of the E. coli bacterium
Beginning of the U.S. Human Genome Project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the NIH and part of the international Human Genome Project (HGP) which ran until 2003
Recognizing the importance of computerized information processing methods for the conduct of biomedical research, Congress establishes the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) as a division of the National Library of Medicine
May 1930
The Ransdell Act redesignated the Hygienic Laboratory as the National Institute of Health, authorizing $750,000 for construction of two buildings for NIH, and creating a system of fellowships.
A bacteriological laboratory, known as the Laboratory of Hygiene, was established under Dr. Joseph J. Kinyoun at the Marine Hospital, Staten Island, N.Y., in August, for research on cholera and other infectious diseases (renamed Hygienic Laboratory in 1891.)



Alfred C. Johnson, Ph.D.

Deputy Director for Management

Carrie D. Wolinetz, Ph.D.

Acting Chief of Staff

James M. Anderson, M.D., Ph.D.

Deputy Director for Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives

Lawrence A. Tabak, D.D.S., Ph.D.

Deputy Director

Michael M. Gottesman, M.D.

Deputy Director

Michael S. Lauer, M.D.

Deputy Director

Further reading


Documentaries, videos and podcasts





Science X staff
August 10, 2021
A potential new treatment for mast cell cancers reduces the number of mast cells by "mutating" the messenger RNA (mRNA) before it can deliver instructions for manufacturing the gene responsible for cell proliferation. The method, known as frameshifting, changes the pre-mRNA so that the mature mRNA is degraded and any protein produced from its instructions is altered and inert. In a mouse model, frameshifting directed at the c-KIT gene reduced mast cell tumor size and prevented infiltration into other organs.
American Association of Kidney Patients
June 21, 2021
/PRNewswire/ -- Today, the American Association of Kidney Patients (AAKP), the nation's oldest and largest independent kidney patient organization and a global...
June 17, 2021
MindMed (NASDAQ: MNMD) (NEO: MMED) (DE: MMQ) (the "Company"), a leading biotech company developing psychedelic-inspired therapies, has announced the addition of Dr. Peter Bergethon, a world-leading expert in neurology, digital medicine, and central nervous system (CNS) drug development to the Company's Scientific Advisory Board.
Mind Medicine (MindMed) Inc.
June 17, 2021
/PRNewswire/ -- MindMed (NASDAQ: MNMD) (NEO: MMED) (DE: MMQ) (the "Company"), a leading biotech company developing psychedelic-inspired therapies, has...
June 16, 2021
A group of scientists led by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian reported that the Moderna mRNA vaccine and a protein-based vaccine candidate elicited durable neutralizing antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 in pre-clinical research. There were no adverse effects. The research, published June 15 in Science Immunology, suggests that vaccines for young children are likely important, safe tools to curtail the pandemi...
June 9, 2021
Get latest articles and stories on Lifestyle at LatestLY. In a study of healthy volunteers, National Institutes of Health researchers have mapped out the brain activity that flows when we learn a new skill, such as playing a new song on the piano, and discovered why taking short breaks from practice is a key to learning. Lifestyle News | Taking Short Breaks May Help Our Brains Learn New Skills.
June 8, 2021
Pyxis Oncology ("Pyxis" or the "Company") today announced the appointments of Steve Monks, Ph.D. as Chief Technical Officer and Ritu Shah, PMP, as Chief Operating Officer. Additionally, Christoph Rader, Ph.D. and Anthony W. Tolcher, M.D., have joined the Company's Scientific Advisory Board.
Gina Kolata and Ilana Panich-Linsman
May 23, 2021
Kyra and Kami never got a simple test that could have protected them. Their story exemplifies the failure to care for people with the disease, most of whom are Black.
May 18, 2021
Sapience Therapeutics, Inc., a biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of peptide therapeutics to address difficult to treat oncology indications, announced today that it was awarded a Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 12, 2021
Cassava Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: SAVA), a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on Alzheimer's disease, today announced that it has been awarded a new $2.7 million research grant award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Innovega Inc.
May 7, 2021
/PRNewswire/ -- The use of Innovega Inc.'s eMacula® system, which pairs smart contact lenses with stylish display eyewear, demonstrated positive results with...
Science X staff
April 28, 2021
The Vertebrate Genomes Project (VGP) today announces their flagship study and associated publications focused on genome assembly quality and standardization for the field of genomics. This study includes 16 diploid high-quality, near error-free, and near complete vertebrate reference genome assemblies for species across all taxa with backbones (i.e., mammals, amphibians, birds, reptiles, and fishes) from five years of piloting the first phase of the VGP project.
April 27, 2021
A combination of 3 healthy lifestyle factors is associated with a 70% lower risk of preterm birth, according to an analysis of data from a Kaiser Permanente study involving nearly 2,500 pregnant women in Northern California. In the study, women whose weight early in pregnancy was within recommended parameters, who ate a healthful diet, and who had stress at low to moderate levels were 70% less likely than women without any of those lifestyle factors to have an early birth. The findings we...
April 21, 2021
Ceres Nanosciences (Ceres), a privately held company that makes innovative products to improve diagnostic testing, is announcing today that it has been awarded a contract from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Rapid Acceleration of Diagnostics (RADx SM ) Initiative for $8.2 million
SiteOne Therapeutics
April 20, 2021
/PRNewswire/ -- SiteOne Therapeutics, Inc., a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing new treatments to address conditions involving...
Oma Seddiq
April 16, 2021
Business Insider
The program matches bone marrow donors with patients who have leukemia or other blood diseases. The bill passed the House in a 415-2 vote.
Benaroya Research Institute
April 13, 2021
/PRNewswire/ -- The Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI) has, for the second time, been awarded the Immune Tolerance Network grant from the...
April 9, 2021
Nominees bring diverse business and public health experience key to Biogen's mission to pioneer and lead in neuroscience Company thanks Director Robert W. Pangia as he retires from the Board
Soner Sonmezoglu
March 29, 2021
Nature Biotechnology
Vascular complications following solid organ transplantation may lead to graft ischemia, dysfunction or loss. Imaging approaches can provide intermittent assessments of graft perfusion, but require highly skilled practitioners and do not directly assess graft oxygenation. Existing systems for monitoring tissue oxygenation are limited by the need for wired connections, the inability to provide real-time data or operation restricted to surface tissues. Here, we present a minimally invasive system to monitor deep-tissue O2 that reports continuous real-time data from centimeter-scale depths in sheep and up to a 10-cm depth in ex vivo porcine tissue. The system is composed of a millimeter-sized, wireless, ultrasound-powered implantable luminescence O2 sensor and an external transceiver for bidirectional data transfer, enabling deep-tissue oxygenation monitoring for surgical or critical care indications. The oxygenation of deep tissues is continuously measured using an ultrasound-powered wireless implant.
Ben Adams
March 15, 2021
Novartis is kick-starting a new trial with Molecular Partners for an experimental COVID-19 drug just a few months after another partnered attempt flopped.


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