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United States Navy

United States Navy

The United States Navy is the nautical services branch of the U.S. Armed Forces.

Overview

The United States Navy is the nautical services branch of the U.S. Armed Forces. Established on October 13, 1775 by the Continental Congress, the U.S. Navy today consists of seven active fleets that employ more than 400,000 active duty and reserve service members. It is the second-largest navy in the world, behind China.

The U.S. Navy is a part of the U.S. Department of Defense. The Navy is managed by the Department of the Navy, the government organization that oversees the branch's functions. The Department of the Navy's seniormost military officer is the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), a four-star Admiral who, in turn, answers to the Department's leader, the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV for short). The Department of the Navy's current CNO and SECNAV are Admiral Mike Gilday and Carlos Del Toro, respectively.

Origins

The U.S. Navy considers October 13, 1775, its official founding date, after the Continental Congress passed legislation designating one vessel of ten guns and another of fourteen guns to be national cruisers. Congress would go on to purchase more ships as tensions with Great Britain grew during the American Revolution, establishing the first American Navy as a result. After the Revolutionary War ended, the navy fell into oblivion and disuse, as congress did not have the power of taxation or a way to collect funding for a Navy. Congress would reestablish a navy in 1794, after the U.S. Constitution had been ratified. Congress established the Department of the Navy four years later, an organization with the power to make contracts, manage the fleet, and distribute funds.

Timeline

1798
The United States Congress establishes the Department of the Navy.
1794
The U.S. Navy is reestablished after falling into disuse at the end of the American Revolutionary War.
October 13, 1775
The Continental Congress passes the first legeslation in regards to an American Navy.

Patents

Further Resources

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News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Leila Character
July 23, 2021
phys.org
In collaboration with the United States Navy's Underwater Archaeology Branch, I taught a computer how to recognize shipwrecks on the ocean floor from scans taken by aircraft and ships on the surface. The computer model we created is 92% accurate in finding known shipwrecks. The project focused on the coasts of the mainland U.S. and Puerto Rico. It is now ready to be used to find unknown or unmapped shipwrecks.
Richard Speed
July 7, 2021
go.theregister.com
Observatory might be able to spot distant stars, but it can't hear a bunch of engineers holding their breath
Elliot Ackerman, Admiral James Stavridis
February 23, 2021
Wired
"Somewhere in that black hole was the Zheng He and the rest of the Chinese fleet. And she would be expected to find and destroy it."
Steve Weiner
December 30, 2020
Nautilus
Happy Holidays. This week we are reprinting our top stories of 2020. This article first appeared online in our "Outbreak" issue...By Steve Weiner
Ron DePasquale
January 11, 2020
www.nytimes.com
If a Ukrainian passenger plane was shot down in Iran on Wednesday, as American officials believe, it would join a long list of civilian aircraft brought down by armed forces.
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References

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