GoldenGolden
Advanced Search
Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize

Set of annual international awards, established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

In his will, Alfred Nobel established five prizes:

In 1968, the Sveriges Riksbank established a prize for Economics in the memory of Alfred Nobel. That award (like the others) is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, according to the same principles as the other Nobel Prizes.

History

On November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his third and last will at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Nobel had left much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize. His family opposed the establishment of the Nobel Prize, and the prize awarders he named refused to do what he had requested in his will. It was five years before the first Nobel Prize could be awarded in 1901.

In this excerpt of the will, Alfred Nobel dictates that his entire remaining estate should be used to endow "prizes to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind"

"All of my remaining realisable assets are to be disbursed as follows: the capital, converted to safe securities by my executors, is to constitute a fund, the interest on which is to be distributed annually as prizes to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.

The interest is to be divided into five equal parts and distributed as follows:

one part to the person who made the most important discovery or invention in the field of physics;

one part to the person who made the most important chemical discovery or improvement;

one part to the person who made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine;

one part to the person who, in the field of literature, produced the most outstanding work in an idealistic direction;

and one part to the person who has done the most or best to advance fellowship among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses.

The prizes for physics and chemistry are to be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences;

that for physiological or medical achievements by the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm;

that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm;

and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be selected by the Norwegian Storting.

It is my express wish that when awarding the prizes, no consideration be given to nationality, but that the prize be awarded to the worthiest person, whether or not they are Scandinavian."

Timeline

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
The Associated Press
October 11, 2021
CTVNews
Canadian economist David Card is among the three winners of the 2021 Nobel prize for economics on Monday for pioneering research on the labour market impacts of minimum wage, immigration and education.
Katyanna Quach
October 7, 2021
go.theregister.com
20m Swedish kronor - close to 2 million quid - to be shared
By DAVID KEYTON, FRANK JORDANS and CHRISTINA LARSON, Associated Press
October 6, 2021
Chron
STOCKHOLM (AP) - Two scientists won the Nobel Prize for chemistry Wednesday for finding...
By DAVID KEYTON and FRANK JORDANS
October 6, 2021
AP NEWS
STOCKHOLM (AP) -- Two scientists won the Nobel Prize for chemistry Wednesday for finding an "ingenious" new way to build molecules that can be used to make everything from medicines to food flavorings.
The Associated Press
October 6, 2021
ABC News
The Nobel Prize for chemistry has been awarded to Benjamin List and David W
Dennis Overbye
October 4, 2021
www.nytimes.com
A recent study of black holes confirmed a fundamental prediction that the theoretical physicist made nearly five decades ago. But the ultimate award is beyond his reach.
The Associated Press
October 4, 2021
ABC News
Two U.S.-based scientists have been awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for their discovery of the receptors that allow humans to feel temperature and touch
Zee News
August 26, 2021
Zee News
Apple could enter into the automotive space as soon as 2021, according to a prediction by Nobel Prize winner Akira Yoshino, an honorary fellow at Japanese chemical manufacturing company Asahi Kasei. Yoshino, the pioneer behind lithium-Ion batteries, made his prediction in a recent interview with Re
July 26, 2021
The Indian Express
Weinberg, Dr. Abdus Salam and Dr. Sheldon Lee Glashow were jointly awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles."
June 24, 2021
news.google.com
Zhau Lijian's statement comes close at the heels of the lab being nominated for China's top science award.
Science X staff
June 18, 2021
phys.org
An international team led by researchers at Princeton University has uncovered a new pattern of ordering of electric charge in a novel superconducting material.
Hasan Suroor
June 17, 2021
@bsindia
Book review of GDP: The Worlds Most Powerful Formula and Why it Must Change
June 2, 2021
WebWire
TIME and one of the world's most beautiful bookstores are joining together for a new exhibit, celebrating the greatest authors of the 20th and 21st centuries. The "What Makes a Nobel?" exhibit, which opens at the Livraria Lello in Porto, Portugal, aims to not only showcase the winners of the Nobel Prize in Literature through the covers of TIME, but also those writers who "could have" received the world's top literary award. The Nobel Prize in Literature was first awarded in 1901 to Frenc...
May 26, 2021
The News Minute
The fake message has been attributed to French virologist and Nobel Prize winner Luc Montagnier and has been doing the rounds on WhatsApp.
FinSMEs
April 16, 2021
FinSMEs
About | Advertise | Contact | Disclaimer | News | The Daily Deal Newsletter FinSMEs.com by FinSMEs is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Peter Aitken
March 15, 2021
Fox News
Curie continued to break barriers after death when she was nominated to be the first woman enshrined in the Panthéon in Paris.
Megan Molteni
March 9, 2021
Wired
Walter Isaacson's account, out Tuesday, is a thrilling tale of scientific discovery. He talks about gene-editing tech--and the future of the human race.
Brian Gallagher
March 8, 2021
Nautilus
The small wonders of the natural world impressed Amanda Phingbodhipakkiya early. As a girl, growing up in Atlanta, she was encouraged...
By FRANK JORDANS and SETH BORENSTEIN
January 28, 2021
AP NEWS
BERLIN (AP) -- Paul J. Crutzen, a Dutch scientist who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry for his work understanding the ozone hole and is credited with coining the term Anthropocene to describe the...
FRANK JORDANS and SETH BORENSTEIN Associated Press
January 28, 2021
ABC News
Dutch scientist Paul J
SHOW MORE

References

Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.