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Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize

Set of annual international awards, established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

In his will, Alfred Nobel established five prizes:

In 1968, the Sveriges Riksbank established a prize for Economics in the memory of Alfred Nobel. That award (like the others) is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, according to the same principles as the other Nobel Prizes.

History

On November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his third and last will at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Nobel had left much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize. His family opposed the establishment of the Nobel Prize, and the prize awarders he named refused to do what he had requested in his will. It was five years before the first Nobel Prize could be awarded in 1901.

In this excerpt of the will, Alfred Nobel dictates that his entire remaining estate should be used to endow "prizes to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind"

"All of my remaining realisable assets are to be disbursed as follows: the capital, converted to safe securities by my executors, is to constitute a fund, the interest on which is to be distributed annually as prizes to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.

The interest is to be divided into five equal parts and distributed as follows:

one part to the person who made the most important discovery or invention in the field of physics;

one part to the person who made the most important chemical discovery or improvement;

one part to the person who made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine;

one part to the person who, in the field of literature, produced the most outstanding work in an idealistic direction;

and one part to the person who has done the most or best to advance fellowship among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses.

The prizes for physics and chemistry are to be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences;

that for physiological or medical achievements by the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm;

that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm;

and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be selected by the Norwegian Storting.

It is my express wish that when awarding the prizes, no consideration be given to nationality, but that the prize be awarded to the worthiest person, whether or not they are Scandinavian."

Timeline

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July 26, 2021
The Indian Express
Weinberg, Dr. Abdus Salam and Dr. Sheldon Lee Glashow were jointly awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles."
June 24, 2021
news.google.com
Zhau Lijian's statement comes close at the heels of the lab being nominated for China's top science award.
Science X staff
June 18, 2021
phys.org
An international team led by researchers at Princeton University has uncovered a new pattern of ordering of electric charge in a novel superconducting material.
Hasan Suroor
June 17, 2021
@bsindia
Book review of GDP: The Worlds Most Powerful Formula and Why it Must Change
June 2, 2021
WebWire
TIME and one of the world's most beautiful bookstores are joining together for a new exhibit, celebrating the greatest authors of the 20th and 21st centuries. The "What Makes a Nobel?" exhibit, which opens at the Livraria Lello in Porto, Portugal, aims to not only showcase the winners of the Nobel Prize in Literature through the covers of TIME, but also those writers who "could have" received the world's top literary award. The Nobel Prize in Literature was first awarded in 1901 to Frenc...
May 26, 2021
The News Minute
The fake message has been attributed to French virologist and Nobel Prize winner Luc Montagnier and has been doing the rounds on WhatsApp.
FinSMEs
April 16, 2021
FinSMEs
About | Advertise | Contact | Disclaimer | News | The Daily Deal Newsletter FinSMEs.com by FinSMEs is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Peter Aitken
March 15, 2021
Fox News
Curie continued to break barriers after death when she was nominated to be the first woman enshrined in the Panthéon in Paris.
Megan Molteni
March 9, 2021
Wired
Walter Isaacson's account, out Tuesday, is a thrilling tale of scientific discovery. He talks about gene-editing tech--and the future of the human race.
Brian Gallagher
March 8, 2021
Nautilus
The small wonders of the natural world impressed Amanda Phingbodhipakkiya early. As a girl, growing up in Atlanta, she was encouraged...
By FRANK JORDANS and SETH BORENSTEIN
January 28, 2021
AP NEWS
BERLIN (AP) -- Paul J. Crutzen, a Dutch scientist who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry for his work understanding the ozone hole and is credited with coining the term Anthropocene to describe the...
FRANK JORDANS and SETH BORENSTEIN Associated Press
January 28, 2021
ABC News
Dutch scientist Paul J
By FRANK JORDANS and SETH BORENSTEIN, Associated Press
January 28, 2021
Chron
BERLIN (AP) -- Paul J. Crutzen, a Dutch scientist who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry...
The Global Center on Adaptation
January 22, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Today, five Nobel Laureates and more than 3,000 scientists from over 100 countries signed up to the "Groningen Science Declaration" calling on...
Press Trust of India
December 1, 2020
@bsindia
The Nobel prize week this year will primarily be digital with laureates getting their medals and diplomas in their respective countries in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic
Science X staff
November 19, 2020
phys.org
Dr. Zi Yang Meng from the Division of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science, the University of Hong Kong (HKU), is pursuing a new paradigm of quantum material research that combines theory, computation and experiment in a coherent manner. Recently, he teamed up with Dr. Wei LI from Beihang University, Professor Yang Qi from Fudan University, Professor Weiqiang YU from Renmin University and Professor Jinsheng Wen from Nanjing University to untangle the puzzle of Nobel Prize-winning theory Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) phase.
Reuters
October 8, 2020
The Hindu
In 2008, he was appointed a scientific adviser to U.S. President Barack Obama
Dennis Overbye and Derrick Bryson Taylor
October 6, 2020
www.nytimes.com
The prize was awarded half to Roger Penrose for showing how black holes could form and half to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for discovering a supermassive object at the Milky Way's center.
James Gallagher
October 5, 2020
BBC News
The virus is a major cause of liver cancer and can lead to people needing a liver transplant.
Dan Schlenoff
August 18, 2020
Scientific American
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
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