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Indonesia

Indonesia

Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ˈniːziə/ -⁠NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoˈnesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam,[18][19] while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Although sometimes interrupted by the Portuguese, French and British, the Dutch were the foremost European power for much of its 350-year presence in the archipelago. In early 20th century, the concept of "Indonesia" as a nation state emerged, and independence movements began to take shape.[20] During the decolonisation of Asia after World War II, Indonesia achieved independence in 1949 following an armed and diplomatic conflict with the Netherlands.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP. Indonesia is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the UN,[a] WTO, IMF and G20. It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Timeline

June 25, 2021
Indonesia's most volatile volcano erupts.
August 17, 1945
Independence Day

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Joko Widodo

President

Jusuf Kalla

Vice President

Further reading

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Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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Companies

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CEO
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Products/Services

Telkom Indonesia

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
By JOSHUA GOODMAN, Associated Press Writer
September 24, 2021
Chron
ABOARD THE OCEAN WARRIOR in the eastern Pacific Ocean (AP) - It's 3 a.m., and after...
Jonathan Watts
September 22, 2021
the Guardian
China was lender of last resort for overseas governments seeking finance for coal projects
By DAVID RISING and NINIEK KARMINI
September 20, 2021
AP NEWS
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) -- Indonesian authorities have found no evidence that the country's main intelligence service's computers were compromised, after a U.S.-based private cybersecurity company alerted them of a suspected breach of its internal networks by a Chinese hacking group, an official said.
By NINIEK KARMINI
September 16, 2021
AP NEWS
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) -- An Indonesian court ruled Thursday that President Joko Widodo and six other top officials have neglected citizens' rights to clean air and ordered them to improve the poor air quality in the capital.
Catherine Shu
September 14, 2021
TechCrunch
There's a new entrant in Southeast Asia's growing list of unicorns. Jakarta-based Xendit, best known for its digital payment infrastructure but also focused on other financial products, announced today it has raised $150 million in Series C funding, bumping its valuation to $1 billion. The round was led by Tiger Global Management, with participation from [...]
Catherine Shu
September 13, 2021
TechCrunch
Health insurance is the kind of thing people usually only think about only when they need it. Otherwise, their policies are just paperwork in their files or cards in their wallet. Indonesian insurtech Rey Assurance is taking a new approach. Once someone becomes a member, they also get access to a platform of health services, [...]
Catherine Shu
September 3, 2021
TechCrunch
Sunday, an insurtech startup based in Bangkok, announced it has raised a $45 million Series B. Investors include Tencent, SCB 10X, Vertex Growth, Vertex Ventures Southeast Asia & India, Quona Capital, Aflac Ventures and Z Venture Capital. The company says the round was oversubscribed, and that it doubled its revenue growth in 2020. Founded in [...]
Natasha Mascarenhas
September 1, 2021
TechCrunch
Welcome back to TechCrunch's continuing coverage of Y Combinator's Summer 2021 Demo Day! This is Day Two. If you haven't caught up yet on what happened during the first day, you can read our recap of all the presenting companies here, our favorites from that first set here, and a quick podcast about all of [...]
September 1, 2021
The Economic Times
Although case numbers are still rising fast in most of the region, Indonesia and Thailand, which have its largest economies, have started to lift curbs on dine-in restaurants and shopping malls to ease the economic pain of their lockdowns.
Lindsay Clark
September 1, 2021
go.theregister.com
Hold onto your hats, tinfoil brigade!
August 30, 2021
WebWire
Nokia today announced that Indosat Mega Media (IndosatM2), a subsidiary of Indosat, is using Nokia WiFi m esh solution to provide an improved broadband experience to its home and enterprise customers across the country. The solution, including Nokia WiFi Beacon device s, allows Indosat M2 to provide comprehensive coverage throughout the premises. As IndosatM2's preferred partner, Nokia provides a Wi-Fi mesh solution, enabling IndosatM2 to offer the br...
Omar Faridi
August 30, 2021
Crowdfund Insider
Islamic crowdfunding platform Ethis Global has secured RM 6.8M in order to expand operations in Southeast Asia.
August 29, 2021
mint
Investors are already boosting exposure to markets outside China, with some buying into IPOs from countries like India and Indonesia for the first time
Science X staff
August 25, 2021
phys.org
The oldest genome of a modern human from the Wallacea region--the islands between western Indonesia and Papua New Guinea--indicates a previously undescribed ancient human relationship. Researchers were able to isolate sufficient genetic material from the skull of an individual buried more than 7,000 years ago on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. It belonged to a hunter-gatherer society and was interred at the site now called Leang Panninge ('Bat Cave'). A large part of the genetic code matched that of today's Papua New Guineans and Aboriginal Australians. Yet portions of the genome did not match these groups. This brings new surprises about the evolution of modern humans.
August 25, 2021
The Economic Times
Inbound shipments of palm oil will be higher in the year starting on Nov. 1 than an estimated 8 million tons in 2020-21, said G.G. Patel, a veteran trader and managing partner of GGN Research
Pratik Parija | Bloomberg
August 25, 2021
@bsindia
The worlds second-most populous nation, where eating fried food is a national tradition, depends on overseas suppliers for as much as 70% of its edible oil needs
Lino Dias
August 24, 2021
Harvard Business Review
A case study of Better Life Farming, an innovative public-private partnership in India, Indonesia, and Bangladesh.
August 24, 2021
https://www.outlookindia.com/
The momentum began to fizzle over worries about the economic fallout from surging coronavirus infections in Asia.
The Associated Press
August 24, 2021
CTVNews
Asian shares gained Tuesday, boosted by a near-record rise on Wall Street, though the momentum began to fizzle out over worries about the economic fallout from surging coronavirus infections in the region.
Omar Faridi
August 24, 2021
Crowdfund Insider
Click HERE to find out ⭐ Updated Digital Banking Framework Introduced by Indonesia's Financial Services Authority. | Crowdfund Insider: Global Fintech News, including Crowdfunding, Blockchain and more.
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References

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