Indonesia

Indonesia

Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ˈniːziə/ -⁠NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoˈnesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam,[18][19] while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Although sometimes interrupted by the Portuguese, French and British, the Dutch were the foremost European power for much of its 350-year presence in the archipelago. In early 20th century, the concept of "Indonesia" as a nation state emerged, and independence movements began to take shape.[20] During the decolonisation of Asia after World War II, Indonesia achieved independence in 1949 following an armed and diplomatic conflict with the Netherlands.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP. Indonesia is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the UN,[a] WTO, IMF and G20. It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Timeline

August 17, 1945

Independence Day

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Joko Widodo

President

Jusuf Kalla

Vice President

Further reading

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Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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Companies

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Products/Services

Telkom Indonesia

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Febriana Firdaus and Rebecca Ratcliffe
October 5, 2020
the Guardian
Workers in Tangerang, Indonesia protest against the new labour laws, which they believe will deprive them of their rights. Photograph: Fajrin Raharjo/AFP/Getty Images
Catherine Shu
September 29, 2020
TechCrunch
A month after completing Y Combinator's accelerator program, BukuWarung, an financial tech startup that serves small businesses in Indonesia, announced it has raised new funding from a roster of high-profile investors, including partners of DST Global, Soma Capital and 20VC. The amount of the funding was undisclosed, but a source told TechCrunch that it was [...]
Bloomberg
September 2, 2020
@bsindia
Indonesias 10-year bond yield climbed three basis points on Wednesday to 6.89%, after Indias slid 18 basis points the previous day to 5.94%
Martin Farrer
September 2, 2020
the Guardian
Health workers protest in Mexico City about the government's handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Photograph: Carlos Tischler/REX/Shutterstock
Reuters
August 30, 2020
@bsindia
The strain, which the World Health Organization said was identified in February and has been circulating in Europe and the Americas, has also been found in neighbouring Singapore and Malaysia
Ben Doherty
August 30, 2020
the Guardian
Police guard the Reichstag building in Berlin as protesters tried to storm in at the end of a demonstration against coronavirus restrictions on Saturday. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images
Catherine Shu
August 28, 2020
TechCrunch
As you know by now, Disrupt is going completely virtual for its 10th anniversary. TechCrunch's Asia team (me, Rita Liao and Manish Singh) will miss seeing everyone in Moscone Center, but this will be the most accessible Disrupt ever, and we are excited to bring a full roster of Asia-focused sessions to its agenda for [...]
BS Web Team
August 26, 2020
@bsindia
From S&P Ratings predicting slower revenue growth for TCS, states to pitch for timely GST compensation at Council meet to cinemas getting ready to open in September, here are top headlines of the day
August 21, 2020
Houston Chronicle
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) - A strong, deep undersea earthquake shook eastern Indonesia on Friday, but no damage has been reported. The 6.9 magnitude earthquake was centered more than 627 kilometers (389 miles) under the sea, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Deeper quakes tend to cause less damage at the surface. It was centered at 220 kilometers (136 miles) south-southeast of Katabu in Southeast Sulawesi province. The Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency released no tsunami warning. Indonesia, a vast archipelago of 260 million people, is frequently struck by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis because of its location on the "Ring of Fire," an arc of volcanoes and fault lines in the Pacific Basin.
Chris Ciaccia
August 20, 2020
Fox News
Researchers have found a new "supergiant" species of an isopod known as Bathynomus raksasa in the waters off Indonesia for the first time, measuring more than one foot in length.
August 19, 2020
Houston Chronicle
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) - Two powerful and shallow undersea earthquakes shook western Indonesia on Wednesday, causing panic but no immediate reports of casualties or damage. The U.S. Geological Survey said the magnitude 6.8 earthquake occurred at a depth of 22 kilometers (13.6 miles) under the sea. It was centered in Bengkulu province on Sumatra island, 139 kilometers (86 miles) west-southwest of Bengkulu city, USGS said. It was felt in several provinces on the island. A 6.9 magnitude quake jolted the area six minutes later, a bit deeper and 13 kilometers (8 miles) from the first, but no tsunami warning was issued for the relative shallow quakes. Indonesia, a vast archipelago of 270 million people, is frequently struck by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis. It is located on the "Ring of Fire," an arc of seismic faults in the Pacific Basin where most of the world's earthquakes occur.
Bloomberg
August 18, 2020
@bsindia
Overseas funds have sold $14.6 billion of Indian corporate and government bonds this year, the most among emerging-Asian nations
Samie Modak
August 16, 2020
@bsindia
Interestingly, Jefferies now has a bigger OW on Pakistan. However, Indias absolute weighting is still much higher. China currently is the biggest OW for Jefferies, followed by Taiwan
Reuters
August 13, 2020
@bsindia
Articles from partner media outlets that were perceived as critical of the Chinese government would either not be republished on the BaBe app or would be taken down from the app
Press Trust of India
August 9, 2020
@bsindia
The Commerce Ministry has recommended imposition of provisional countervailing duty (CVD) on certain steel products from Indonesia to guard domestic manufacturers from subsidised imports.
Reuters
August 5, 2020
@bsindia
The economy had been expected to shrink 4.61%, according to a Reuters poll of economists, after growing by 2.97% year-on-year in the first quarter
Catherine Shu
August 5, 2020
TechCrunch
While growing up, Peter Shearer watched his mother get up every day at 2AM or 3AM to prepare for her catering business. For many people who own small food businesses in Indonesia, "everything is handled on their own, so I really, really wanted to create a system so they can have better operations and get [...]
Press Trust of India
July 23, 2020
@bsindia
In January, Unilever had announced a strategic review of the global tea business, which includes leading brands such as Lipton, Brooke Bond and PG Tips
Catherine Shu
July 23, 2020
TechCrunch
Partipost, a Singapore-based marketing startup that lets anyone with a social media profile sign up for influencer campaigns, has raised $3.5 million in new funding. The round was led by SPH Ventures, the investment arm of publisher Singapore Press Holdings, with participation from Quest Ventures and other investors. The funding will be used to grow [...]
By Ian Randall For Mailonline
July 16, 2020
Mail Online
Researchers from Singapore found the frightful creature during a deep-sea survey off of the coast of Banten, Western Java, Indonesia back in 2018.
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