Indonesia

Indonesia

Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ˈniːziə/ -⁠NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoˈnesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam,[18][19] while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Although sometimes interrupted by the Portuguese, French and British, the Dutch were the foremost European power for much of its 350-year presence in the archipelago. In early 20th century, the concept of "Indonesia" as a nation state emerged, and independence movements began to take shape.[20] During the decolonisation of Asia after World War II, Indonesia achieved independence in 1949 following an armed and diplomatic conflict with the Netherlands.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP. Indonesia is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the UN,[a] WTO, IMF and G20. It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Timeline

August 17, 1945
Independence Day

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Joko Widodo

President

Jusuf Kalla

Vice President

Further reading

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Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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Companies

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CEO
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Products/Services

Telkom Indonesia

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Manish Singh
January 28, 2021
TechCrunch
Tokopedia, Lazada, Shopee, and other firms created an e-commerce market in Indonesia in the past decade, making it possible for consumers to shop online in the island nation. But as is true in other Asian markets, most small retailers and mom-and-pop stores in the Southeast Asian country still face a myriad of challenges in sourcing [...]
January 27, 2021
The Economic Times
Fiery red lava has been seen flowing down the volcano in recent days, but authorities have kept its alert status at the second-highest level.
SLAMET RIYADI Associated Press
January 27, 2021
ABC News
Indonesia's most active volcano has erupted with a river of lava and searing gas clouds flowing down its slopes
Associated Press
January 27, 2021
Fox News
Indonesia's most active volcano erupted Wednesday with a river of lava and searing gas clouds flowing 1,600 meters (5,250 feet) down its slopes.
By SLAMET RIYADI, Associated Press
January 27, 2021
Chron
YOGYAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) -- Indonesia's most active volcano erupted Wednesday with a...
Daniel Fitzgerald
January 25, 2021
www.abc.net.au
The Indonesian Government is reportedly looking to Mexico as an alternate source of live cattle, after Australian cattle hit record prices and Jakarta meat sellers go on strike.
PTI
January 24, 2021
@bsindia
Overseas investors pumped in Rs 24,469 crore into equities but pulled out Rs 6,013 crore from the bonds market between January 1-22
Fatma Khaled
January 23, 2021
Business Insider
Viewers in Indonesia and other Asian markets are flocking to Disney+ and it could take the lead over Netflix and other streaming services.
January 23, 2021
The Economic Times
Thats a stark turnaround from the early phases of the coronavirus crisis, when lockdowns from Paris to Los Angeles hit sales of everything from softs drinks to chocolate.
The Associated Press
January 22, 2021
CTVNews
Asian stock markets retreated Friday after a resurgence of coronavirus infections in China and a rise in cases in Southeast Asia.
ABC News
January 22, 2021
www.abc.net.au
Indonesia's air accident investigator is examining whether a problem with the autothrottle system, which controls engine power automatically, contributed to the Sriwijaya Air crash that killed all 62 people on board.
Press Trust of India
January 21, 2021
@bsindia
Rajnath Singh and his Indonesian counterpart Gen Prabowo Subianto on Thursday exchanged views on regional security situation and underlined the need for a free and open maritime order
IANS
January 21, 2021
@bsindia
Indonesia was struck by a 6.2-magnitude earthquake
Lionsgate
January 21, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Starz, one of the leading premium global streaming platforms, today announced plans to expand its global reach into Indonesia with its premium...
Grace Sihombing | Bloomberg
January 20, 2021
@bsindia
The list of industries limited to foreign investment has been cut to just 48, from more than 300, according to a draft of the presidential decree.
Matt Simon
January 19, 2021
Wired
When humans over-exploit underground water supplies, the ground collapses like a huge empty water bottles. It's called subsidence, and it could affect 1.6 billion people by 2040.
Reuters
January 19, 2021
@bsindia
The producers of palm oil, grown primarily in Indonesia and Malaysia, are accused of clearing vast areas of biodiversity rich rainforests in Southeast Asia and exploiting migrant workers
January 16, 2021
AP NEWS
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) -- Mount Semeru, the highest volcano on Indonesia's most densely populated island of Java, spewed hot clouds as far away as 4.5 kilometers (nearly 3 miles) on...
January 16, 2021
Chron
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) -- Mount Semeru, the highest volcano on Indonesia's most...
The Associated Press
January 16, 2021
ABC News
Indonesia's Mount Semeru has spewed hot clouds as far away as 4.5 kilometers
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References

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