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Indonesia

Indonesia

Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ˈniːziə/ -⁠NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoˈnesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam,[18][19] while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Although sometimes interrupted by the Portuguese, French and British, the Dutch were the foremost European power for much of its 350-year presence in the archipelago. In early 20th century, the concept of "Indonesia" as a nation state emerged, and independence movements began to take shape.[20] During the decolonisation of Asia after World War II, Indonesia achieved independence in 1949 following an armed and diplomatic conflict with the Netherlands.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP. Indonesia is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the UN,[a] WTO, IMF and G20. It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Timeline

August 17, 1945
Independence Day

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Joko Widodo

President

Jusuf Kalla

Vice President

Further reading

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Date

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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Companies

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CEO
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Products/Services

Telkom Indonesia

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Science X staff
May 13, 2021
phys.org
Climate change may be accelerating the degradation of ancient rock paintings in Indonesia, including the oldest known hand stencil in the world which dates back to 39,900 years ago, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.
MarketsandMarkets
May 13, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- According to the new market research report "Plant Extracts Market by Type (Phytomedicines & Herbal Extracts, Spices, Essential Oils, Flavors &...
Arizton Advisory & Intelligence
May 12, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- In-depth analysis and data-driven insights on the impact of COVID-19 included in this Indonesia data center market report. Indonesia data...
Chloe King
May 12, 2021
phys.org
The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc on the travel and tourism industry globally. Indonesia is no exception.
Science X staff
May 12, 2021
phys.org
A slow-motion earthquake lasting 32 years--the slowest ever recorded--eventually led to the catastrophic 1861 Sumatra earthquake, researchers at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have found.
Dr. Catherine Schuster-Bruce
May 12, 2021
Business Insider
Sinovac's vaccine, Coronavac, was 98% effective at preventing death in health workers, Indonesian officials said. This is better than previously thought.
Reuters
May 12, 2021
news.yahoo.com
China's Sinovac Biotech COVID-19 vaccine was 98% effective at preventing death and 96% effective at preventing hospitalisation among a group of inoculated...
May 12, 2021
NDTV.com
Sinovac Biotech Ltd.'s vaccine is wiping out Covid-19 among health workers in Indonesia, an encouraging sign for the dozens of developing countries reliant on the controversial Chinese shot, which performed far worse than western vaccines in clinical
Isabelle Lee
May 11, 2021
markets.businessinsider.com
The country has banned cryptocurrencies as a method of payment but allows them to be traded as a commodity.
Isabelle Lee
May 11, 2021
Business Insider
The country has banned cryptocurrencies as a method of payment but allows them to be traded as a commodity.
Yogita Khatri
May 11, 2021
The Block
Indonesia, Southeast Asia's biggest economy, plans to tax profits on cryptocurrency trades. The plan is still at the discussion stage.
Science X staff
May 10, 2021
phys.org
Porcupines are frequently traded across Asia--and Indonesia, home to five species, is no exception. They are targeted for a number of reasons: their meat as an alternative source of protein, their bezoars consumed as traditional medicine, and their quills used as talismans and for decorative purposes.
May 7, 2021
The Times of India
China News: China's reliability as a vaccine supplier is increasing its geopolitical clout at a time when the US and the EU have been slow confronting the global
By BINSAR BAKKARA, Associated Press
May 7, 2021
Chron
MEDAN, Indonesia (AP) -- Indonesia's rumbling Mount Sinabung erupted Friday, spewing a...
Catherine Shu
May 7, 2021
TechCrunch
GajiGesa, a fintech startup that provides earned wage access (EWA) and other services for workers in Indonesia, has added strategic investors to help it launch new services and expand its user base. Its new backers include OCBC NISP Ventura, the venture capital arm of one of Indonesia's largest banks, and the founders of grab-and-go coffee [...]
Binsar Bakkara
May 7, 2021
phys.org
Indonesia's rumbling Mount Sinabung erupted Friday, spewing a thick column of volcanic ash 2.8 kilometers (1.7 miles) into the sky.
BINSAR BAKKARA Associated Press
May 7, 2021
ABC News
Indonesia's rumbling Mount Sinabung has spewed a thick column of volcanic ash 1.7 miles into the sky
Iain Marlow, Sudhi Ranjan Sen and James Paton | Bloomberg
May 7, 2021
@bsindia
Over the past few weeks, leaders of some of the globes most populous nations have sought more shots from China despite concerns about their effectiveness
Beth Mole
May 6, 2021
Ars Technica
Five workers were arrested for washing and reusing cotton swabs for testing.
Rebecca Ratcliffe South-east Asia correspondent
May 5, 2021
the Guardian
Nasal swabs allegedly washed, re-packaged and sold to passengers required to take test at Medan airport
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References

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