India

India

Federal Republic in Asia

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity, but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organised system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts. Muslim armies from Central Asia intermittently overran India's northern plains, eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and drawing northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam.

In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India. In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting institutionalised religion. The Mughal Empire, in 1526, ushered in two centuries of relative peace, leaving a legacy of luminous architecture. Gradually expanding rule of the British East India Company followed, turning India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. British Crown rule began in 1858. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged, which was noted for nonviolent resistance and became the major factor in ending British rule. In 1947 the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two independent dominions, a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, amid large-scale loss of life and an unprecedented migration.India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1,211 million in 2011.

During the same time, its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 annually to US$1,498, and its literacy rate from 16.6% to 74%. From being a comparatively destitute country in 1951, India has become a fast-growing major economy, a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class. It has a space program which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture. India has substantially reduced its rate of poverty, though at the cost of increasing economic inequality. India is a nuclear weapons state, which ranks high in military expenditure. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbors, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century. Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition, and rising levels of air pollution. India's land is megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. Its forest cover comprises 21.4% of its area. India's wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India's culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.

Timeline

September 1, 2020

Thrilled by the initial results, two years later, Google's Flood Forecasting Initiative now covers all of India, Google announced on Tuesday.

September 1, 2020

chain resilience in trade and investment between India, Australia and Japan was announced on Tuesday.

August 18, 2020

The United States becomes the second-largest arms supplier to India, growing from virtually no arms sales a decade ago to more than USD20 billion today.

July 13, 2020

Google announces US$10B 'digitization' fund for India

April 20, 2020

Facebook launches Fundraisers in India, expands partnerships with state governments for WhatsApp and Messenger helplines.

April 13, 2020

Google launches a website dedicated to coronavirus updates in India and tweaked its search engine and YouTube to prominently display authoritative information and locally relevant details about the pandemic from the nation's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

April 6, 2020

The USAID had announced a grant of $2.9 million to India to mitigate the spread of the deadly virus.

April 5, 2020

Yuvraj Singh donates Rs 50 lakh to the Prime Minister Cares Fund.

April 3, 2020

The streaming service Disney+ launches in India.

April 2, 2020

The World Bank approves $1-billion emergency financing for India to tackle the coronavirus outbreak.

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Fiona Harvey
September 26, 2020
Grist
Greta Thunberg leads protests as Covid rules restrict numbers compared with last year.
Fiona Harvey
September 25, 2020
the Guardian
Supporters of the school strike movement Fridays For Future gather in Berlin, Germany, on Friday. Photograph: Filip Singer/EPA
BBC News
September 25, 2020
BBC News
The iconic motorcycle company is pulling out of India as it struggles to sell its two-wheelers.
DNA Web Team
September 25, 2020
DNA India
DNA Special: How we are letting social media influence every aspect of our lives - In his show DNA, Sudhir Chaudhary analyses how we are merely 'products' for social media companies and how these are controlling our likes, dislikes and behaviour.
DNA Web Team
September 23, 2020
DNA India
AtmaNirbhar Bharat: Why is DRDO's latest laser-guided anti-tank missile more than special for Indian Army - DRDO has now achieved great success by successfully testing the laser-guided anti-tank missile. The test was fired conducted from the MBT Arjun tank in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra.
Alex Wilhelm
September 22, 2020
TechCrunch
Disrupt was just days ago, but the TechCrunch crew is continuing our regular series of public chats with leading founders and venture capitalists under the Extra Crunch Live banner. Today, we're excited to host Andrew Braccia and Sonali De Rycker from Accel. The pair of investors will join us for a live Q&A at 2 p.m. [...]
Alexis Ong
September 22, 2020
the Guardian
Studio Oleomingus create surreal games that unpick India's thorny past - and take aim at its chaotic present
Daanish Anand
September 22, 2020
DNA India
Reliance Jio new Postpaid Plus plans announced: Everything you need to know about bumper offers - Family plans start at Rs 250 per connection, In flight connectivity to customers, International Wifi Internet calling to India at Rs 1/min and ISD to start at 50p/min.
Agence France-Presse in Agra
September 21, 2020
the Guardian
A small number of tourists outside the Taj Mahal as it reopened at sunrise on Monday. Photograph: Pawan Sharma/AP
DNA Web Team
September 21, 2020
DNA India
Feluda: Meet Indian Sherlock Holmes, that will now confirm COVID-19 test within two hours - The full name of this fictional character written by Satyajit Ray is Pradosh Chandra Mittar, whom all fellows fondly call 'Feluda'. This character of his short story and novel is a private detective.
DNA Web Team
September 20, 2020
DNA India
Apple iPhone 12 likely to be priced higher than expected, here's how much it may cost - The iPhone 12 may not come with a charger or wired earphones in the box and Apple may sell the 20W charger separately to save some cost.
DNA Web Team
September 19, 2020
DNA India
Xbox Series X, Series S pre-orders to start on Sep 22 - Both Xbox Series X and Series S will be available on Amazon, Flipkart and Reliance Digital`s online store.
DNA Web Team
September 18, 2020
DNA India
PUBG unban in India? Know more about possibility of ban being lifted - As per sources, after the break-up with Tencent, PUBG is looking for an Indian partnership to sustain itself in the country.
DNA Web Team
September 18, 2020
DNA India
Human footprints 120,000-years-old found in Saudi Arabia - The movements of these people were decoded by researchers in a study published in Science Advances on Thursday after finding ancient human and animal footprints in the Nefud Desert.
September 18, 2020
DNA India
Alexa in Hindi turns 1, now available on smartphones in India - Many users are also purchasing Amazon Echo devices for their parents as they are more comfortable to speak to the devices in Hindi.
Sidharth MP
September 18, 2020
DNA India
India's GISAT-1, Microsat 2-A, GSAT-12R, RISAT-2BR2 satellites ready for launch, says senior ISRO official - India currently has 49 satellites in Earth's orbit and four more are ready for launch this year, said Dr P Kunhikrishnan, Director of ISRO's Bengaluru-based UR Rao Satellite Centre.
DNA Web Team
September 18, 2020
DNA India
WhatsApp Web likely to get fingerprint authentication feature soon - WhatsApp has dedicated a team to work on adding biometric scanning support and making the entire browser service more secure.
DNA Web Team
September 18, 2020
DNA India
Google removes Paytm from Play Store over 'policy violation' - Google on Friday removed the Paytm app from the Google Play Store stating that it would not support any unregulated gambling apps that facilitate sports betting. Paytm says, "All your money is completely safe, and you can continue to enjoy your Paytm app as normal."
DNA Web Team
September 18, 2020
DNA India
Diwali comes early for Indians as Apple's first online store in India goes live on Sept 23 - Apple is all set to launch its first exclusive online store in India on September 23, offering a full range of products, support, premium experience, and contactless delivery to consumers across the country.
Jonathan Amos
September 17, 2020
BBC News
The 2020 Ig Nobel prizes honour crocodilian vocalisations, narcissistic eyebrows and vibrating worms.
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References

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