India

India

Federal Republic in Asia

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity, but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organised system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts. Muslim armies from Central Asia intermittently overran India's northern plains, eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and drawing northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam.

In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India. In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting institutionalised religion. The Mughal Empire, in 1526, ushered in two centuries of relative peace, leaving a legacy of luminous architecture. Gradually expanding rule of the British East India Company followed, turning India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. British Crown rule began in 1858. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged, which was noted for nonviolent resistance and became the major factor in ending British rule. In 1947 the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two independent dominions, a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, amid large-scale loss of life and an unprecedented migration.India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1,211 million in 2011.

During the same time, its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 annually to US$1,498, and its literacy rate from 16.6% to 74%. From being a comparatively destitute country in 1951, India has become a fast-growing major economy, a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class. It has a space program which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture. India has substantially reduced its rate of poverty, though at the cost of increasing economic inequality. India is a nuclear weapons state, which ranks high in military expenditure. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbors, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century. Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition, and rising levels of air pollution. India's land is megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. Its forest cover comprises 21.4% of its area. India's wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India's culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.

Timeline

January 22, 2021
Adani Total Gas and Torrent Gas have acquired 5 per cent stake each in the Indian Gas Exchange (IGX).
January 21, 2021
Mining giant Vedanta Ltd on Thursday said production of mined zinc in India rose 4 per cent to 2,44,000 tonnes in the third quarter of the ongoing fiscal.
December 8, 2020
Vodafone had initiated the arbitration proceedings under the India-UK and India-Netherlands BIPA in connection with the tax demand raised against it in relation to its USD 11 billion deal to acquire the stake of Hutchison Telecom.
September 1, 2020
Thrilled by the initial results, two years later, Google's Flood Forecasting Initiative now covers all of India, Google announced on Tuesday.
September 1, 2020
chain resilience in trade and investment between India, Australia and Japan was announced on Tuesday.
August 18, 2020
The United States becomes the second-largest arms supplier to India, growing from virtually no arms sales a decade ago to more than USD20 billion today.
July 13, 2020
Google announces US$10B 'digitization' fund for India
April 20, 2020
Facebook launches Fundraisers in India, expands partnerships with state governments for WhatsApp and Messenger helplines.
April 13, 2020
Google launches a website dedicated to coronavirus updates in India and tweaked its search engine and YouTube to prominently display authoritative information and locally relevant details about the pandemic from the nation's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
April 6, 2020
The USAID had announced a grant of $2.9 million to India to mitigate the spread of the deadly virus.
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Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
India will be displaying some of its key military assets during the 72nd Republic Day celebrations on Rajpath with a marching-cum-band contingent of the Bangladesh armed forces
Nandagopal Rajan
January 23, 2021
The Indian Express
The Indian Express speaks to Sridhar Ramaswamy, Founder & CEO of Neeva, the ad-free, private search which hopes to offer users a viable alternative to Google.
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Narendra Modi bowed in solemn reverence, Mamata Banerjee clamoured his birthday be declared a national holiday
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Yogi Adityanath said Indias freedom was the top priority for Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi for celebrating his birth anniversary as Parakram Divas
Shubashree Desikan
January 23, 2021
The Hindu
Indian antivenoms were ineffective in neutralising venoms of cryptic kraits
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose would have been proud to see that the country has become strong and is following his footsteps from the LoC to the LAC
Aneesh Phadnis
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Currently, doctors, nurses, and all hospital staff are being administered the Covid-19 vaccines across India
Fatma Khaled
January 23, 2021
Business Insider
Viewers in Indonesia and other Asian markets are flocking to Disney+ and it could take the lead over Netflix and other streaming services.
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Seven more states will be administering the indigenously-developed Covaxin from next week
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
A Poseidon 8I aircraft of the Indian Navy transported 100,000 doses of coronavirus vaccines to Mauritius and 50,000 doses to Seychelles as part of Indias grants assistance
R. Prasad
January 23, 2021
The Hindu
Registration of health-care workers on CoWIN is incomplete, many practising alternative medicine are not included
Aswathi Pacha
January 23, 2021
The Hindu
Atmospheric anomalies, anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions play a role
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Modi said Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose would have been proud to see that the country has become strong and is following his footsteps
ANI
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley has requested India for access to vaccines to provide immunisation coverage for their country
IANS
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
This compares to $3.6 billion in the previous quarter, said a KPMG report
Reuters
January 23, 2021
The Hindu
It's also difficult to see how Tesla's sought-after and expensive autonomous driving features will work on India's congested roads.
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Saturday said India should have four capitals on a rotation basis
Chetan Nayak
January 23, 2021
The Indian Express
Saurabh Aggarwal, CEO, Octro Inc, the maker of Teen Patti and Play Rummy, explains why gaming is already the next big thing in entertainment.
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Saturday thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Press Trust of India
January 23, 2021
@bsindia
Vijay Mallya, who is due to be extradited to India, has applied for another route to be able to stay in the UK
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