India

India

Federal Republic in Asia

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity, but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organised system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts. Muslim armies from Central Asia intermittently overran India's northern plains, eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and drawing northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam.

In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India. In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting institutionalised religion. The Mughal Empire, in 1526, ushered in two centuries of relative peace, leaving a legacy of luminous architecture. Gradually expanding rule of the British East India Company followed, turning India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. British Crown rule began in 1858. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged, which was noted for nonviolent resistance and became the major factor in ending British rule. In 1947 the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two independent dominions, a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, amid large-scale loss of life and an unprecedented migration.India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1,211 million in 2011.

During the same time, its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 annually to US$1,498, and its literacy rate from 16.6% to 74%. From being a comparatively destitute country in 1951, India has become a fast-growing major economy, a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class. It has a space program which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture. India has substantially reduced its rate of poverty, though at the cost of increasing economic inequality. India is a nuclear weapons state, which ranks high in military expenditure. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbors, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century. Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition, and rising levels of air pollution. India's land is megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. Its forest cover comprises 21.4% of its area. India's wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India's culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.

Timeline

April 20, 2020

Facebook launches Fundraisers in India, expands partnerships with state governments for WhatsApp and Messenger helplines.

April 13, 2020

Google launches a website dedicated to coronavirus updates in India and tweaked its search engine and YouTube to prominently display authoritative information and locally relevant details about the pandemic from the nation's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

April 6, 2020

The USAID had announced a grant of $2.9 million to India to mitigate the spread of the deadly virus.

April 5, 2020

Yuvraj Singh donates Rs 50 lakh to the Prime Minister Cares Fund.

April 3, 2020

The streaming service Disney+ launches in India.

April 2, 2020

The World Bank approves $1-billion emergency financing for India to tackle the coronavirus outbreak.

April 1, 2020

TikTok donates 400,000 hazmat medical protective suits and 2,00,000 masks worth Rs 100 crore to protect doctors and front line medical staff in India.

March 27, 2020

India cricketing legend Sachin Tendulkar donates Rs 50 lakh to tackle the coronavirus pandemic in the country.

March 2020

India is one of the largest producers of the drug (Ipca and Cadila Healthcare along with several smaller domestic players), and the country increased the production of the drug from 12.23 crore tablets in March to 30 tablets in May.

February 17, 2020

Anker Soundcore launches Icon Mini portable wireless speaker in India.

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T E Narasimhan
July 6, 2020
@bsindia
Blue Ashva Capital is founded by Satya Bansal, who was the Chief Executive of Barclays Private Bank.
July 3, 2020
https://www.outlookindia.com/
India continues to blunt China's ambitious Belt and Road initiative but does it have the resources to replace popular Chinese apps like TikTok and Helo?
SI Reporter
July 6, 2020
@bsindia
Heres a look at the top stocks that may remain in focus today
BS Web Team
July 6, 2020
@bsindia
Read more about Market Ahead, July 6: Top factors that could guide markets this week on Business Standard. At 7:10 AM, SGX Nifty was trading more than 50 points higher at around 10,630 levels, indicating a higher opening for the Sensex and Nifty today
Omar Faridi
July 6, 2020
Crowdfund Insider
FInD, an initiative that matches Indian investors and startups, confirms that Yes Bank has launched Fintech app Yuva Pay.
BS Web Team
July 6, 2020
@bsindia
Government aims to cost cuts, scientists warns Covid-19 could be airborne and Indias IT sector is forced to lay off employees.
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
The article has been published on the websites of the Press Information Bureau (PIB) and the Vigyan Prasar, which is a body under the ministry
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
I am delighted to join the list of GMs in India. It is a special moment for me. I have to keep working hard and the aim is to increase my rating to 2600 as soon as I can, he said
IANS
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
Along with the two Indian efforts, the world over, 11 out of 140 vaccine candidates have entered the human trial phase
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
RIL, which operates the worlds largest single location oil refining complex, plans to capture this opportunity through increased presence at airports to refuel airplanes
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
Chellaney said without naming China, Modi delivered a clear message to the country and this was apparent from Beijings reaction to the prime ministers speech.
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
As per the amended form, banks will have to report Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) for cash withdrawals above Rs 1 crore
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
Further, consistent SIP (systematic investment plan) inflows into equity funds gave fund managers a healthy stream of capital to keep buying quality companies, say experts
Press Trust of India
July 5, 2020
@bsindia
The Twitter exchange between the leaders of the worlds oldest and largest democracies were welcomed by people from both the countries and it went viral on the social media
Devjyot Ghoshal and Rajendra Jadhav | Reuters
July 4, 2020
@bsindia
The affected Bajaj Auto factory is located in western Maharashtra, the state with the highest number of cases of Covid-19, the disease the virus causes
Press Trust of India
July 4, 2020
@bsindia
The IAF has also pressed into service a fleet of C-17 Globemaster III transport aircraft as well as C-130J Super Hercules in transporting heavy military equipment and weaponry
July 4, 2020
https://www.outlookindia.com/
A location-enabled micro-market level planning for sales as well as point of sales visibility and promotions will become really important to win in the new normal.
Sarah Perez
July 4, 2020
TechCrunch
Welcome back to This Week in Apps, the Extra Crunch series that recaps the latest OS news, the applications they support and the money that flows through it all. The app industry is as hot as ever, with a record 204 billion downloads and $120 billion in consumer spending in 2019. People are now spending three hours and 40 minutes per day [...]
Sohini Das
July 4, 2020
@bsindia
Committed to treat the safety and interest of people of India as a topmost priority, says ICMR
Rebecca Ratcliffe
July 4, 2020
Wired
As researchers tracked his flight over 27 countries, a cuckoo became a celebrity and raised questions about how climate change could affect his species' travel.
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References

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