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Thailand

Thailand

Constitutional monarchy in southeast Asia

Thailand (Thai: ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Indochinese Peninsula, spanning 513,120 square kilometres (198,120 sq mi), with a population of almost 70 million people. It is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and Myanmar. Thailand also shares maritime borders with Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Nominally, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy; however, in recent history, its government has experienced multiple coups and periods of military dictatorships. Bangkok is the nation's capital and largest city.

Tai peoples migrated from southwestern China to mainland Southeast Asia from the 11th century; the oldest known mention of their presence in the region by the exonym Siamese dates to the 12th century. Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon kingdoms, Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as the Kingdoms of Ngoenyang, Sukhothai, Lan Na and Ayutthaya, which also rivalled each other. Documented European contact began in 1511 with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya, which became a regional power by the end of the 15th century. Ayutthaya reached its peak during cosmopolitan Narai's reign, gradually declining thereafter until being ultimately destroyed in the 1767 Burmese–Siamese War. Taksin quickly reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom. He was succeeded in 1782 by Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the first monarch of the current Chakri dynasty.

Timeline

April 16, 2020
Deutsche Bank launches PromptPay instant payments in Thailand.
April 7, 2020
Thailand announces $58 billion plan to mitigate coronavirus impact.

February 16, 2020
Thailand's telecoms regulator raised over 100 billion baht ($3.21 billion) for 48 licenses for 5G services.
June 14, 2019
Tencent launches video streaming service in Thailand.
August 19, 2014
Prayuth Chan-ocha elected as 29th PM - The Nation
May 22, 2014
Thai army declares military coup against Yingluck Shinawatra's government
September 19, 2006
Thai military launched a coup against the prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra
October 6, 1976
The 6 October 1976 massacre.
October 14, 1973
The popular uprising of 14 October 1973.
June 24, 1932
The Siamese revolution of 1932.

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

National Anthem of Thailand

Web

September 22, 2011

Royal Anthem of Thailand

Web

August 17, 2014

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
The Associated Press
November 22, 2021
AP NEWS
Major Thai telecoms companies DTAC and True Corp. plan to merge to pursue opportunities in the tech sector, their parent companies said Monday. Norway's Telenor Group, parent company of DTAC, and Charoen Pokphand (CP) Holding, the parent firm of True, notified the Stock Exchange of Thailand that their joint venture, Citrine Global Company, will make an offer for all shares of the two telecom companies.
By TASSANEE VEJPONGSA
November 19, 2021
AP NEWS
BANGKOK (AP) -- Thais flocked to rivers and lakes on Friday evening to release small floats adorned with flowers and candles in an annual festival honoring the goddess of water, with thousands of the tiny boats ending up clogging and polluting the country's waterways.
By Jonathan Amos
October 12, 2021
BBC News
An image of a bursting cloud of eggs and sperm as groupers mate in the Pacific is the judges' pick.
By The Associated Press
October 11, 2021
AP NEWS
___Merck asks US FDA to authorize promising anti-COVID pillWASHINGTON (AP) -- Drugmaker Merck has asked U.S. regulators to authorize its promising antiviral pill against COVID-19, setting the stage for a decision within weeks.
Jackie Annett
October 3, 2021
Express.co.uk
ACCIDENTALLY making £26,000 is something many people will dream of, but for one 43-year-old man, it's reality. It meant he could go run his business from a beach in Thailand, and he recently spoke to Express.co.uk about how he made the substantial sum.
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References

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