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Satoshi Nakamoto

Satoshi Nakamoto

Pseudonym for the person or group who designed and developed bitcoin

Satoshi Nakamoto is the pseudonym used by the person or group of people who created Bitcoin and published the Bitcoin whitepaper in 2008.

In addition to developing the original Bitcoin code, Nakamoto was also the first cryptocurrency miner and is estimated to have amassed nearly 1 million BTC in the early years of mining. The coins have never been moved from their original wallet.

The last public post made under the Satoshi Nakamoto pseudonym occurred in December 2010. Many speculate that he/they stepped away without revealing his/their true identity to avoid being targeted by governments, as Bitcoin was originally used most promininetly in black markets and became one of the only ways for WikiLeaks to get funding after they were denied service by credit card companies.

There has been speculation over the years as to Nakamoto's true identity, with some of the candidates being:

  • Nick Szabo - has repeatedly denied that he is Satoshi
  • Hal Finney - was the recipient of the first Bitcoin transaction, but has denied being Satoshi. Finney passed away in 2014.
  • Craig Steven Wright - has claimed to be the leader of the Satoshi Nakamoto 'team' consisting of himself and Dave Kleiman. However, he has failed to provide conclusive proof of this claim and has since been nicknamed 'Faketoshi'.
  • Dave Kleiman - became a candidate in 2015 when Gizmodo first reported that he and Craig Wright had been the Satoshi Nakamoto team. Kleiman passed away in 2013 before he was ever publicly tied to the creation of Bitcoin.

Nakamoto's true identity remains in question to this day.




Further reading


Bitcoin and me (Hal Finney)

Hal Finney


Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System

Satoshi Nakamoto


This Australian Says He and His Dead Friend Invented Bitcoin

Sam Biddle and Andy Cush


Documentaries, videos and podcasts


Bitcoin Q&A: Who is Satoshi Nakamoto?

May 4th, 2017




The Associated Press
September 17, 2021
An imposing bronze statue was unveiled in Hungary's capital on Thursday which its creators say is the first in the world to pay homage to the anonymous creator of the Bitcoin digital currency.
Tony Zerucha
August 18, 2021
Crowdfund Insider
Click HERE to find out ⭐ Bitcoin Association Announces Hackathon Finalists. | Crowdfund Insider: Global Fintech News, including Crowdfunding, Blockchain and more.
Shalini Nagarajan
June 3, 2021
The sculpture will be a hooded figure whose face will have a reflective surface, so viewers can find their own reflection when standing before it.
May 14, 2021
Gizmodo Australia
Australian man Craig Wright, who claims he invented Bitcoin, has filed a $7 billion lawsuit over the cryptocurrency.
Abdulrahman Mahmoud
May 3, 2021
Today, there are at least 1 million miners for Bitcoin alone. How is this all happening? What role is the miner playing? And how might this change the landscape of computing in the future?
Zoë Bernard and Grace Kay
February 26, 2021
Business Insider
If the mysterious creator of bitcoin ever reveals their identity, the crypto market could be upended. Here's what we know about Satoshi Nakamoto.
Ben Gilbert
February 25, 2021
Business Insider
Cryptocurrency trading platform Coinbase filed to go public on Thursday. These are the most important things we learned about the company.
Grace Kay
February 25, 2021
Business Insider
Satoshi Nakamoto owns about 5% of the bitcoin market. If their 1.1 million cache was transferred, bitcoin prices could plummet, Coinbase said.
Grace Kay
February 25, 2021
Business Insider
Coinbase revealed its documents to go public via a direct listing on Thursday, sending the filing to Satoshi Nakamoto.


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