Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that involves molecular biology, genetics, computer science, mathematics and statistics. It applies computational techniques to understand and organized information and address biological problems on the molecular model. Data-intensive, large-scale biological problems are solved from a computational perspective.
Bioinformatics has arisen from the needs of biologists to utilize and help interpret the vast amounts of data they gathered in genomic research. Bioinformatics approaches are motivated by the evolution of organisms and the complexity of working with incomplete and noisy data.
A bioinformatics solution commonly involves the following steps:
1. Collect statistics from biological data.
2. Build a computational model.
3. Solve a computational modeling problem.
4. Test and evaluate a computational algorithm.
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