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Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics

Interdisciplinary field that applies computational techniques to solve biological problems on the molecular level.

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that involves molecular biology, genetics, computer science, mathematics and statistics. It applies computational techniques to understand and organized information and address biological problems on the molecular model. Data-intensive, large-scale biological problems are solved from a computational perspective.

Bioinformatics has arisen from the needs of biologists to utilize and help interpret the vast amounts of data they gathered in genomic research. Bioinformatics approaches are motivated by the evolution of organisms and the complexity of working with incomplete and noisy data.

A bioinformatics solution commonly involves the following steps:

1. Collect statistics from biological data.

2. Build a computational model.

3. Solve a computational modeling problem.

4. Test and evaluate a computational algorithm.

The best-known application of bioinformatics is in the analysis of DNA sequences. The field now has more recent counterparts, proteomics and functional genomics.

Timeline

People

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Further reading

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What is bioinformatics? An introduction and overview

N.M. Luscombe, D. Greenbaum and M. Gerstein

Academic paper

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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Companies

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Antiverse

Murat Tunaboylu

Cambridge, UK