Pennsylvania State Symbols
Tree - Canadian hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
Flower - Kalmia broadleaf (Kalmia latifolia)
Animal - white-tailed (virginsky) deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Dog breed - Great Dane
Bird - hazel grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
Fish - American char (Palia, Salvelinus fontinalis)
Amphibian - Allegan cryptobranch (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis)
Insect - Pennsylvania firefly (Photuris pennsylvanica)
Food product - cookies with chocolate chips
Drink - milk
Dance - polka
Firearm - Pennsylvania Long Rifle
Fossil - trilobites
Before the arrival of Europeans in North America, the tribes of the Delaware (Lenny-Lenape), Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, and Shawnee peoples lived on the territory of the modern state of Pennsylvania.
The first European explorer to see the shores of Pennsylvania was the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano, who sailed along the east coast of North America in 1524.
Most of Pennsylvania has a humid continental climate with hot summers and cool winters. In the northwest, in the Lake Erie region, heavy snowfalls are common in winter, receiving twice as much rainfall as the state average. In the southeast, in the Philadelphia region, the climate is hotter, humid subtropical.
Pennsylvania's largest city, Philadelphia, has about 1,590,000 people, and the metropolitan area that has formed around it has about 6,100,000 people. The state capital, Harrisburg, has about 50,000 residents.
Continuing to be one of the most industrialized states in the US, Pennsylvania is traditionally strong in metallurgy, mechanical engineering, and the production of electronic devices. In addition, the chemical, pharmaceutical and food industries are well developed in the state. Agriculture is also very well developed in Pennsylvania, especially on the fertile lands of "Dutch Pennsylvania".
The state has a well-developed chemical and pharmaceutical industry, the production of electronic devices and food products.
Pennsylvania is known as the "snack capital" and produces more potato chips, pretzels, rolls, marshmallows and other similar foods than any other state in the US. It is in Pennsylvania, in Pittsburgh, that the headquarters of the famous ketchup company HJ Heinz is located.
The city of Hershey in Pennsylvania is called "chocolate city" or "the sweetest place in the world." The city even has Chocolate Ave (Chocolate Avenue) and Cocoa Ave (Cocoa Avenue) streets. The city is home to the Hershey headquarters and the world's largest candy factory. Due to the huge influx of tourists wishing to visit this factory, Hershey's Chocolate World was built in 1973, a complex of attractions, shops and restaurants, dedicated, of course, to chocolate.
National Historic Landmarks (Places) in the State of Pennsylvania
The Allegheny Portage Railroad was the first railroad to be built through the Allegheny Mountains in the first half of the 19th century.
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site is a house in Philadelphia where the famous writer lived.
The Dwight Eisenhower National Historic Site in Cumberland is the house where the 34th President of the United States lived.
Friendship Hill is a house in the village of Springhill Township near Pittsburgh, where the prominent US statesman Albert Gallatin lived.
Gloria Dei Old Swedish Church in Philadelphia is the oldest surviving church in Pennsylvania (built 1698-1700).
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site near the town of Elverson is a small iron and steel plant of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Steamtown ("Steam City") National Historic Site is a railroad museum in Scranton.
The largest ethnic (national) groups among the population of the state of Pennsylvania:
Germans - about 28.5%
Irish - about 18%
Italians - about 13%
Descendants of immigrants from Africa (African Americans) - about 11%
English - about 8.5%
Poles - about 7%
The southeastern counties of the state are often referred to as "Pennsylvania Dutch". In fact, this area was once inhabited by ethnic Germans, and the name, essentially erroneous, comes from a distorted German word Deutsch ("German").
Pennsylvania is called the "corner state" because it is a kind of bridge between the northeastern states of New England and the South of the United States, as well as between the Atlantic coast and the Great Lakes.
In the northeast of the state, the low Endless and Pocono mountains are located, which are part of the Alleeny Plateau. It is in the northeastern part of Pennsylvania that very large reserves of hard coal are concentrated, the extraction of which for many years was the basis of the economy of Pennsylvania.
The Alleeny Plateau, which is part of the Appalachian Plateau, occupies almost the entire western part of the state. In southwestern Pennsylvania is the highest point in the state - Mount Davis (979 meters above sea level).
Almost half of the state (virtually all of central Pennsylvania) is located in the basin of the Susquehanna River, the largest river in the state and the longest river on the East Coast of the United States. It is the Susquehanna that provides more than half of the river flow to the Chesapeake Bay.
Pennsylvania is periodically hit by the elements. During the summer and fall, tropical cyclones from the Atlantic bring downpours, often causing flooding in the state's many rivers. Tornadoes sweep through Pennsylvania up to ten times a year.