Mikhail Saakashvili is a Georgian politician and was the President of Georgia. As of 2020 he is head of National Reform Council of Ukraine. Mikhail Saakashvili was born on December 21, 1967, in Tbilisi. His father Nikoloz (Nikolai) Saakashvili was a physician by training. He left the family shortly before or immediately after the birth of his son. His grandfather, Mikhail Saakashvili, was the founder and rector of the medical university. His mother - Giuli Alasania (born in 1946), a professor-historian, a specialist in medieval Georgian history, a Turkologist, the chairman of the public union Georgian-Azerbaijani Friendship House, has a stake in many educational institutions of Georgia, including the International Black Sea University founded in 1995 on the initiative of Turkish Prime Minister Tansu Chiller. Her mother later married Zurab Cometiani (1934-2012). The stepfather was the chairman of the scientific council of the Beritashvili Institute of Physiology and wrote more than 100 scientific works. His mother, stepfather (a professor of psychology) and maternal uncle Temur Alasania, a diplomat who worked in the UN, a former colonel of the KGB of the USSR, were involved in his upbringing. Both of Mikhail's maternal great-grandfathers were repressed in 1937, but were released. Mikhail's wife explained their release in her book "Confessions of an Idealist" by the fact that one of them, a major industrialist, had financed Koba's activities before the October Revolution, and his great-grandmother had hidden him from the police. Mikhail Saakashvili's great-grandmother Tamara Abashidze was the daughter of the former owner of "Chiaturrmanganese", a manganese ore mining and processing enterprise in the town of Chiatura in Imeretia, developed since 1879 on the initiative of the Georgian poet Akaki Tsereteli, and the sister of the poet Grigol Abashidze. Mikhail Saakashvili, his mother's only son, has half-siblings, such as brother David. In his youth, Mikhail Saakashvili was fond of swimming, music, basketball, and also studied English and French. In high school he was the deputy secretary of the Komsomol committee of school No. 51, where he studied. From school to the Rose Revolution In 1984 he graduated from high school №51 in Tbilisi with a gold medal. In 1992, he graduated with honors from the Ukrainian Institute of International Relations of Kyiv State Taras Shevchenko University, specializing in international law. According to some reports, in 1988 Saakashvili was expelled from the Komsomol and expelled from the university for distributing dissident literature. He was able to be reinstated at the university only after serving in the Soviet KGB Border Troops in 1989-1990. After graduation in 1992 he returned to Georgia, where he worked as a legal consultant for the State Committee for the Protection of Human Rights. After receiving a grant, he went to the International Institute for Human Rights in Strasbourg. A year later, as a fellow of the U.S. State Department, was sent to Columbia University (New York), where he received a master's degree in law in 1994. He studied at George Washington University in Washington D.C., and had internships at the Academy of European Law in Florence and at the Academy of International Law in The Hague. He worked at the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights in Oslo, then at the New York law firm Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler, which was engaged in legal support of American oil and gas projects in the CIS (it is noted that in Georgia this company became a legal partner of the Kmara youth organization, which played its role in the "Rose Revolution").