Advanced Search
Medical food

Medical food

Medical foods are foods that are specially formulated and intended for the dietary management of a disease that has distinctive nutritional needs that cannot be met by normal diet alone.

Medical conditions with medical food treatments

Vayarin manufactured by VAYA Pharma is a capsule containing phosphatidylserine and omega-3s.

Alzheimer's disease

Axona (Caprylic Triglyceride) manufactured by Accera is a powder made of caprylic triglyceride, a medium-chain triglyceride from coconut oil.

Vayacog manufactured by VAYA Pharma is a capsule for management of complex lipid imbalances in early memory impairment containing phosphotidylserine and omega-3s.

Cardiovascular disease

Foltx manufactured by Pamlab is a tablet containing folic acid, pyridoxine and cyanocobalamin which is marketed for hyperhomocysteinemia, which is linked to cardiovascular disease.


Not considered a medical food by the US FDA, NiteBite, manufactured previously by ICN Pharmaceuticals and now by Optim Nutrition, is a snackbar designed to prevent hypoglycemia, and contains three sources of glucose that are absorbed at different times.The US FDA does not consider products such as this that aid in management of blood sugar as medical foods since, “There are no distinctive nutritional requirements associated with the management of diabetes mellitus” and “A regular diet can be modified to meet the needs of an individual affected by DM (along with appropriate drug therapy if necessary)”

Gastrointestinal dysfunction

Enterade manufactured by Entrinsic Health Solutions is a liquid formula for individuals with occasional diarrhea, cramping, dehydration, nausea and malnutrition, such as when undergoing cancer treatment and those diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s and colitis), irritable bowel syndrome and celiac disease.

IBgard containing I-Menthol, the main component in peppermint oil, developed by IM HealthScience to treat irritable bowel syndrome, is a capsule that releases ultra-purified peppermint oil in the small intestine

FDgard, developed by IM HealthScience, contains peppermint oil and caraway oil released from microspheres in the upper digestive tract to treat functional dyspepsia

KetoVie Peptide manufactured by Cambrooke Therapeutics is composed of a 4:1 ratio of fat:net carbohydrate + protein in a nutritionally complete hydrolyzed whey protein-based enteral ketogenic formula for children with impaired gastrointestinal function and/or intolerance to intact proteins.

VSL#3, developed and manufactured in Italy and distributed by Sigma-Tau Healthscience USA and VSL Pharmaceuticals, is a probiotic which treats IBS, ulcerative colitis and patients with an ileal pouch. Capsules contain eight live freeze-dried bacteria which normally reside in the human gastrointestinal tract

Glutaric aciduria type 1

GlutarAde manufactured by Nutricia is a drink mix for children, teen and adults.


Calcilo XD manufactured by Abbott Nutrition is a powdered formula to support infants with hypercalcemia due to Williams syndrome, oseopetrosis and primary neonatal hyperparathyroidism and when low-calcium, vitamin D-free formula is needed.

Long-chain triglyceride needs and epilepsy

Carbzero manufactured by Nestle Health Science is an emulsion of long-chain triglycerides (LCTs) for children 3 years old and older. The product is for use in the Ketogenic diet for patients with intractable seizures, glucose transport protein defect or pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency. The ketogenic diet for treatment of epilepsy, which is high-fat, low carbohydrate, and normal-protein diet, was first described by pediatrician Hugh Conklin in the 1920s.

Maple syrup urine disease

BCAD 1 manufactured by Mead Johnson is an iron-fortified infant formula and medical food powder free of branched chain amino acids, isoleucine, leucine and valine, in a product that provides all other essential and nonessential amino acids, carbohydrates, fats, essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.

Ketonex-2 manufactured by Abbott Nutrition is a powdered formula for children and adults that is isoleucine-, leucione- and valine-free.

Metabolic disorders requiring low-protein diet

Cambrooke Therapeutics manufactures Low-Protein Portabella Spinach Ravioli and other low-protein foods.

Methionine-free needs

Hominex-2 manufactured by Abbott Nutrition is a powdered methionine-free formula for children and adults with vitamin B6-nonresponsive homocystinuria and hypermethioninemia, conditions that result in excess of the amino acid methionine.


Limbrel (Flavocoxid) manufactured by Primus Pharmaceuticals is a capsule containing a blend of flavonoids such as baicalin and catechin.

Propionic or methylmalonic acidemia

Propimex-1 and Propimex-2 manufactured by Abbott Nutrition are powdered formulas for infants/toddlers and children/adults respectively, that are methionine-free, valine-free and have low isoleucine and threonine.

Renal disease

Renastart manufactured by Nestle Health Science is a high-energy powdered formula for pediatric renal disease that contains low levels of protein, calcium, chloride, potassium, phosphorus and vitamin A and containing whey protein, amino acids, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals and trace elements, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids arachidonic acid and DHA.

Medical food ingredients
Alzheimer's disease
  • caprylic triglyceride from coconut oil
  • omega-3s
  • phosphotidylserine
Cardiovascular disease
Gastrointestinal dysfunction
  • caraway oil
  • peppemint oil
  • probiotics
General nutritional components
  • protein
  • amino acids
  • carbohydrates
  • fats
  • fatty acids
  • vitamins
  • minerals




Further reading


Documentaries, videos and podcasts





Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.