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FC Red Bull Salzburg

FC Red Bull Salzburg

Red Bull Salzburg is a football club based in Salzburg, Austria. Plays in the Austrian Bundesliga, the highest category in the country. It was founded on 13 September 1933 as Sportverein Austria Salzburg through the merger of two other local teams.

In 1953, it was promoted to the highest national category and played an important role until the 1990s, when, under the name Casino Salzburg, it achieved the best results, winning three league championships, three super cups and one runner-up in 1993-1993. 94 UEFA Cup. On 6 April 2005, energy drink company Red Bull GmbH bought Austria Salzburg, the first club to be bought by a business group. He later changed his name and shield, becoming Red Bull Salzburg and allocating an important budget to the team to invest in signing contracts. In international tournaments, he competes as FC Salzburg due to UEFA restrictions on sponsors. Despite being the absolute dominant in Austrian football since its acquisition by Red Bull, it has yet to win continental titles due to the country's low league football level, which is ranked 11th in the 2018 UEFA coefficient.

When the team qualified for the 2017/18 UEFA Champions League as Austrian champions, another Red Bull-owned club, Germany's RasenBallsport Leipzig, also qualified for that continental tournament, putting both clubs at risk of the UEFA Statutes, which ban two teams from playing at the same time. one owner. Finally, UEFA decided to accept both teams after confirming that there was "no simultaneous influence" between them, arguing that the changes to their structures left Red Bull as the owner of the German team and sole sponsor of the Austrian team, but in practice it accepts sports and administrative decisions of both teams.

In protest against the decisions of Red Bull GmbH, a group of Salzburg supporters founded a new club with traditional colors and history - SV Austria Salzburg.

History
Austrian Salzburg

The football team was founded on 13 September 1933 under the name Sportverein Austria Salzburg, through the merger of two clubs: FC Rapid Salzburg, with a large hard-working supporter, and the bourgeoisie-based Salzburg FC Hertha The colors purple and white were adopted, with the first pitch being Rapid. The new entity began to compete in the Upper Austria and Salzburg regional category, although the tournament was soon put on hold due to the country's incorporation into Nazi Germany. Joined Salzburger AK 1914 and Salzburger SK 1919 to form "Fußballgemeinschaft Salzburg" during World War II. This ensured that the players of these clubs would continue to play despite the conflict. The alliance only lasted between 1943 and 1944, so he returned to solo competition from the 1945/46 season when the conflict ended.

In 1947 it absorbed the local ATSV Salzburg and struggled to become the city's football landmark. After several attempts, they achieved their first promotion to the Austrian First Division in the 1952/53 season as Tauernliga champions. His move was not very successful and after three seasons in the middle of the table he was third last in the 1956/57 campaign and avoided relegation by 3 points. He managed to stay in the 1959/60 campaign thanks to the hiring of striker Erich Probst, the first international in the history of education, but the following year he ended the worst season in his history, again becoming third last, conceding 79 goals. Throughout the 1960s, it was characterized as a club that did not compete in domestic championships despite the fact that the national team included players such as striker Adi Maček.

Austria Salzburg's fortunes have changed since the 1970/71 season, in which they finished second, just one point behind Wacker Innsbruck. A year later, the Lechen Stadium was opened with a capacity of 8,000 spectators, as well as a new sporting milestone with the first match in international competition: the defeat in the first stage of the 1971-72 UEFA Cup against the Romanian UTA Arad. In 1974 he played his first Austrian Cup Final, losing to Austrian Vienna. A good streak ended in the 1976/77 season; internationally, the team made their second appearance in the UEFA Cup where they qualified for the second phase and were eliminated by Crvena Zvezda Belgrade, but their league results were much worse and they ended up at the bottom of the league table at the end of the year. table, breaking out of the descent.

In 1978, the club signed a sponsorship deal with gambling company Casinos Austria, which resulted in the club becoming known as SV Casino Salzburg. In 1980 and 1981 he reached the finals of the Austrian Cup, but could not win either because he lost to Austria Vienna and Grazer AK 11

The 1984/85 season was a year marked by great unrest as the team finished bottom of the table and local rivals Salzburger AK 1914 were promoted to the top flight. Although the club remained in the top flight for only one year, Austrian Salzburg found it harder to climb out of the well and did not manage to secure a place in the international cup until the 1989/90 season.

Success in the 1990s

Since the 1990s, Austria Salzburg have been strengthened to qualify for higher league positions. In 1990/91, German striker Oliver Bierhoff arrived on loan for a year, scoring 23 goals and propelling the club to fifth position. Later, Croatian Otto Barić, with extensive experience on the Austrian bench, came to the bench and hired experienced footballers such as goalkeeper Otto Konrad, defenders Wolfgang Feuersinger, Leopold Lainer and Heribert Weber, or forwards Heimo Pfeifenberger and Nikola Jurčević. The bet worked well and in 1993 the team took second place; despite being top of the regular season, there was also a league final for the title at the time, in which they finished runners-up, tied for points with Austria Vienna, but with a smaller goal difference. However, qualification for the UEFA Cup was once again achieved.

Thus began the historic 1993-94 season when the club won its first Austrian Bundesliga. Thanks to the new two-way league system, the purple team finished first with 51 points and outstanding performance from their strikers Pfeifenberger and Jurcevic, the tournament's top scorers with 14 goals each. At international level, Austria Salzburg reached the final of the 1993–94 UEFA Cup by surprise, eliminating Dunajska Streda, Royal Antwerp, Sporting Lisbon (eighth), Eintracht Frankfurt (fourth) and Karlsruhe (semi-final) . In the final controversial round robin, he lost to Inter Milan 1-0 in both matches.

The following year, Barić's team won the Austrian Super Cup and defended the league title, tying Sturm Graz on points. On the other hand, she managed to qualify for the 1994-95 UEFA Champions League after defeating Maccabi Haifa, but he did not advance beyond the group stage, where he was behind Ajax Amsterdam and Milan. Otto Barić resigned at the end of the season, but this did not prevent good results. After an eighth-place finish the following year, the appearance on the bench of former player Heribert Weber came as a shock to gain a third Bundesliga in the 1996-97 campaign with players such as captain Adolf Hütter, Martin Amerhauser, René Aufhauser and Germany's Heiko Lessig. This was his last season at the Salzburg Casino; eventually a sponsorship contract was signed with the financial company Wüstenrot, and it became known as the Wüstenrot Salzburg.

2010s

2010/2011 A tumultuous season ended with the club finishing second behind Sturm Graz. Ricardo Moniz and Niko Kovac took over the coaching duties in April. In Europe, Salzburg qualified for the UEFA Europa League group stage but failed to qualify for the play-offs after facing Manchester City, Juventus and Lech Poznań. For the first time since EURO 2008, the Red Bull Arena has a natural pitch.

Austrian Champions and Cup Winners 2011/2012! The double was historic for the season. Jakob Jantscher and Stefan Mayerhofer were the top scorers in the league with 14 goals each. Yancher also received the Most Valuable Player of the Season award. In Europe, Red Bull Salzburg qualified for the UEFA Europa League group stage (against Slovan Bratislava, Athletic Bilbao and Paris Saint-Germain) and eventually qualified for the play-offs with a 2 home win: 0 over PSG.

2012/2013 Only second place despite a new club record of 77 points won and 91 goals scored. Sports director Ralf Rangnick and coach Roger Schmidt's team play a refreshing attacking game that fans are increasingly enjoying.

2013/14 Once again FC Red Bull Salzburg became the champion of Austria! In addition, the Red Bulls complete the double for the second time in history. First of all, the club completed a sensational European tour called "Salzburg", reaching the round of 16 of the UEFA Europa League. This is a new record! The fans deserve a lot of thanks for their passionate support throughout the season.

2014/15 Austria DOUBLE WINNER for the third time! The club managed to make history again with a DOUBLE victory in a row. The 2015 championship title was won by six points over SK Rapid Vienna. In Europe, Red Bull Salzburg were group winners in the UEFA Europa League, but their campaign ended in the round of 16 against top Spanish club Villarreal.

2017/2018: FC Red Bull Salzburg made history again with an impressive season with a record 62 competitive matches! For the fifth time in a row, the Red Bulls lifted the league title - thanks to a new record of 83 points. They also made a big breakthrough in European football. After a sensational group stage victory in front of the Marseille Olympic, Konyaspor and Vitoria Guimarães, Salzburg will play Real Sociedad, Borussia Dortmund and Lazio in the playoffs - and bring them all out with excellent results . Marco Rose's team deservedly made it to the semi-finals, in which the Bulls suffered their narrowest defeat to Olympique de Marseille.

2018/2019 Another incredible season that has taken pride of place in our history books. For the sixth time, Salzburg won the Austrian double and cemented their position as serial champion. We also had a dramatic UEFA Europa League campaign. After six group stage victories, Marco Rose's side were eliminated in the last 16 stages despite a 3–1 home win against Napoli.

2019/2020 This has been a season we have never seen before and will probably never see again. An eleven-month campaign, when we did not know for a long time whether it would end or not. After a three-month nervous wait in the spring due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the Austrian season has resumed epicly, with the last 10 matches stretched out over just four weeks. We made the most of the situation and regained both the Tipico Bundesliga and the UNIQA ÖFB Cup, as well as repeating our scoring record of 110 league goals. There were also many memorable moments in our first season in the Champions League: a 6-2 win over Genk and a 3-4 loss to Liverpool, creating a buzz across the continent.

Symbols
Shield and names

Red Bull Salzburg's emblem is a shield with a rounded lower edge. At the top is the name "Red Bull," in the energy drink's characteristic font, while at the bottom is the name of the city in German, "Salzburg." In the center you can also see an adaptation of the Red Bull logo: two red bulls facing each other, symbolizing strength and vigour, with a golden circle in the background. At the top is a soccer ball.

When it was called Austria Salzburg there were three notable changes. The first, used from 1933 to 1978 with variations, reflected a factory at the top, the word "Austria" in the center and the initials S.V. superimposed at the bottom. The predominant color was purple and white. In the second, the Casinos Austria logo was adapted in purple and with a soccer ball. The last one, in force from 1995 to 2005, was a shield in the shape of a circle. In the center there is a soccer player with a purple shirt, while the name of the entity appears at the bottom.

The new S. V. Austria Salzburg uses a variant of the crest from 1933.

Throughout its history, Red Bull has had different names. When it was Austria Salzburg, the sponsor was assimilated to the official name for the media, although the fans and the club itself kept the original without variations, and with it they competed internationally. In the Spanish press it used to be titled "Austria Salzburgo" or "Austria de Salzburgo". With the purchase of Red Bull, everything was adapted to the new owner, including the adaptation. In international competitions he must play as F. C. Salzburg due to limitations on UEFA sponsorships.

  • 1933 to 1946 SV Austria Salzburg
  • 1946 to 1950 TSV Austria Salzburg – merger with ATSV Salzburg
  • 1950 to 1973 SV Austria Salzburg
  • 1973 to 1976 SV Gerngroß A. Salzburg
  • 1976 to 1978 SV Sparkasse Austria Salzburg
  • 1978 to 1997 SV Casino Salzburg
  • 1997 to 2005 SV Wüstenrot Salzburg
  • 2005 Fußball Club Red Bull Salzburg

Stadium

The stadium where Red Bull Salzburg plays its matches is the Red Bull Arena (in official international matches it is called "EM Stadion Wals-Siezenheim"). It is situated in the suburb of Wals-Siezenheim, south-west of Salzburg. Its capacity is 31,895 spectators and since 2010 it has natural grass.

The foundation stone was laid on October 10, 2001 and its official opening took place on March 8, 2003 as Stadion Wals-Siezenheim, with a league match between Austria Salzburg and FC Kärnten ending in a draw (1:1). ). Its initial capacity was 18,250 spectators and it became the first Austrian professional field to use artificial turf. The initial expense was 45 million euros.

With a view to Euro 2008, the field was renovated three times. In the summer of 2005 the new owner company, Red Bull GmbH, changed the name of the stadium to Red Bull Arena, installed two video scoreboards in the back and a heating system under the field. In May 2006 the stadium was completely remodeled. south bottom to install seat localities. And in 2007 the capacity was increased to the current capacity, in addition to raising the height of the pitch to improve visibility. Finally, natural grass was planted and a press area was set up. The cost of all these renovations was 25 million euros.

During the European tournament it hosted three group stage matches: Greece-Sweden (0:2), Greece-Russia (0:1) and Greece-Spain (1:2). Since 2010 it is also one of the regular fields of the Austrian national team.

The team's previous venue was the Stadion Lehen (Stadion Lehen), which operated from 1971 to 2002. It held over 14,000 spectators; on the sides were the only bleachers with seats (5,300 in total) and there were standing places at the back. The venue did not meet the UEFA requirements for international matches, so the team had to play these matches at the Ernst Happel Stadion (Vienna) or the stadium in Linz. in the 1990s a complete renovation was considered for its adaptation, but plans were canceled when Austria wanted to qualify for Euro 2008, so a new course was planned. The stadium was demolished in 2006, and apartment buildings and a public library were built in its place.

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