Rolling Venture Fund

Rolling Venture Fund

Rolling venture funds are a new type of venture capital fund structure released by AngelList in February 2020.

On February 5, 2020, AngelList formally announced the launch of a new investment product offering: rolling venture funds.

A rolling fund is structured as a Delaware series of limited partnerships: a new venture fund is created each quarter. That process is repeated every quarter so long as the fund manager remains active and there are investors that meet the minimum threshold for forming a new rolling fund. With this fund structure, rolling funds are publicly marketable under Rule 506(c) and remain open to new investors every quarter. (Hence the term, “rolling.”)

AngelList asserts that its rolling funds offering brings high-resolution fundraising to the general partnership side of the venture landscape.

High-resolution fundraising for General Partners

Through investment vehicles like convertible notes and simple agreements for future equity (SAFEs), startup founders have been able to raise capital in small chunks over time, potentially at different valuations pending progress in their business.

Traditionally, venture capital fund managers had to raise capital through a closed-end fund model. This means that, during the fundraising process, a fund manager would have to secure capital commitments from limited partners representing the sum total of the manager's fundraising target for that particular fund. Traditionally, general partners in a venture capital fund negotiate a "subscription agreement" with their limited partners (LPs). Instead of LPs disbursing assets in a lump sum, GPs usually receive LP money through scheduled capital calls.

With a Rolling Venture Fund, emerging fund managers (1) can accept capital anytime, (2) can start deploying capital immediately, (3) LPs can auto-subscribe to the fund, similar to how SaaS subscription products work. This means it requires less capital to start investing, while managers can continuously accept new capital commitments, giving them an increasing stream of capital to invest in startups.

Fee Structure

Generally, the fund manager sets the fee structure for terms like carried interest and management fees. Generally these tend to follow industry standard "2 and 20" fund model, which means management fees are charged at 2% per year over the life of the fund (calculated and charged quarterly), plus 20% carry. Although different fund arrangements can certainly be made. AngelList also charges a "platform administrative fee" for its services.

As of August 2020, the fees include:

  • Platform and administrative fees: 1.5% of commitments, calculated and charged quarterly
  • Minimum fee per series: $20,000 per quarter, waived for the first two quarterly series
  • Carry: No carry charged if manager sources own LP; 5% carry charged for LPs sourced on the platform

These and other fees are charged to rolling funds for access to the platform, and they’re reflected in the terms offered to LPs.

Rolling Funds vs. Evergreen Funds

Rolling funds are often confused with evergreen funds. An evergreen fund is an open-ended fund structure that permits redemptions and liquidity rights for investors to exit the fund. In addition, fund managers are permitted to recycle capital from realized returns, hence the term "evergreen."

However, this structure is unrelated to rolling funds because (i) applicable venture capital law in the United States does not permit redemptions from investors (see Rule 203(l)-1 of the Investment Advisers Act, which prohibits redemption rights other than in extraordinary circumstances); and (ii) each rolling venture fund is actively investing for only one quarter.

Timeline

February 5, 2020
AngelList launches its Rolling Funds product

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Avlok Kohli

Chief Executive Officer

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

'There's a huge level of innovation happening with Rolling Funds': Gumroad CEO on Launching His First $1M+ per quarter Rolling Fund on AngelList

AngelList

Web

August 5, 2020

AngelList Launches 'Rolling Venture Fund' In Bid To Make Fundraising Easier For New VCs

Alex Konrad

Web

February 5, 2020

Micro, solo and vocal: The new million-dollar lone-wolf VCs

Biz Carson

Web

July 25, 2020

Rolling Fund FAQ: What Is A Rolling Fund?

Rolling Fund News

Web

August 14, 2020

Rolling Venture Funds through the Good Times and the Bad

Chris Harvey

Web

August 12, 2020

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Rolling Fund - Next big thing in Finance | Venture Capital

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

References

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