Ivan Franko National University of Lviv ( ukr. Ivan Franko National University of Lviv ) is one of the oldest universities in Eastern Europe and the oldest university in Ukraine . One of the leading universities in the country. In the past, it was called the Jan Casimir University of Lviv.
Atanas Figol, in an article about the university in the Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Studies, argued that since the beginning of the 20th century, the Poles, in order to emphasize the “Polishness” of the university, began to assert that it appeared in 1661 as the Jesuit Academy, founded by King Jan II Kazimierz from the Lviv Jesuit Collegium. But the decision of the king was not approved by the Diet. This statement was accepted without criticism in the USSR and other countries. According to other sources, the Lviv Academy with the rights of a university was founded in 1661 by the decree of King Jan II Casimir, who granted the Jesuit collegium in Lvov "the dignity of the academy and the title of the university." In 1773, the Jesuit order was banned, and the university was closed. Restored in 1784 under the name of Joseph University. In 1805-1817 - a lyceum. In 1817 it was re-established as the Franz I Universit Background
Former main university building (1851-1923)
According to the articles of the Gadyach Agreement (1658) between the Hetmanate and Poland, the Polish government promised to open two higher academies in the Hetmanate in the future: one in Kiev , and the second where there would be a suitable place for it. The academies were promised the same university rights enjoyed by the University of Cracow. Influential circles of the Commonwealth did not exclude the possibility that under the pressure of certain political circumstances Ukraine could form its own national universities. At the same time, the Jesuit order, in the cause of protecting Catholicism, placed special hopes on its cell in Lvov. Jesuitsappeared in Lvov at the end of the 16th century, and in 1608 they opened their secondary school-college here. By the middle of the 17th century, this collegium fell into decay, but nevertheless was saved by the Jesuits from destruction, since it enjoyed the care and support of the Polish magnat.
The Jesuits understood the possibility of creating a university on the basis of a fraternal school in Lviv, therefore they constantly sought to transform their collegium into an academy. After repeated petitions, King Jan II Casimir signed a diploma on January 20, 1661, which granted the Jesuit college in Lviv "the dignity of an academy and the title of a university" with the right to teach all the then university disciplines, to award academic degrees of bachelor, licentiate, master and doctor. However, immediately after the signing of the diploma, the creation of the academy met with strong opposition from the University of Krakow.and certain influential persons of the state, he was supported. Despite the obstacles, the teaching at the Lviv Academy was modeled on other European academies. And then the Polish king August III in 1758 approved the diploma dated January 20, 1661, issued by Jan II Casimir. The academy was closed in 1773.
From the moment of its foundation and until 1773 Lviv University was completely under the control of the Jesuit order and subordinated to the general of the Jesuits in Rome. The head of the university was the rector. The premises of the university were near Krakowska street in the center of Lviv. The educational institution built and bought new premises, had its own library, the largest printing house in Lviv.Ivan Franko University of Lviv
In the 1870s, Ivan Franko, a well-known Ukrainian thinker, writer, scientist, translator, psychologist, political and public figure, who entered the history of culture as a “titan of labor”, studied at the Faculty of Philosophy of Lviv University. In 1894, the department of the history of Ukraine was opened at the university, although it was called "World History with a special review of the history of Eastern Europe." The new department was headed by 28-year-old Mikhail Grushevsky. This year, after the death of Emelyan Ogonovsky , the then head of the Department of Russian Literature at Lviv University, Ivan Franko tried to fill this vacant position, but the governor of Galicia, Count Kazimir Badenidid everything to prevent a writer from entering the university who called on the Ukrainian people for social and national liberation.International cooperation
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv worthily represents the Ukrainian academic community in the world. During 2016-2017, the University signed 15 cooperation agreements and two agreements on dual certification, two agreements were extended. In total, 147 agreements have been signed with higher education institutions and institutions from 38 countries of the world. Approximately the same number of scientific and scientific-pedagogical workers of the University was in foreign institutions during this period.
The University is actively involved in signing the Charter of European Universities. In 2000, the university became a co-founder of the European College of Polish and Ukrainian Universities (Lublin, Poland). The validity period of agreements with the Belsk State University (Balti, Moldova) and the Krakow Pedagogical Academy (Poland) has been extended.
Students of the faculties of geography, history and the faculty of international relations have practical training in Poland, Germany, Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia. Employees of the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Philology, Chemistry, Faculty of International Relations and Applied Mathematics and Informatics worked in higher educational institutions in Poland, Colombia, France, Switzerland, Austria on teaching contracts. Many graduates continue their education in higher educational institutions in the USA, Poland, Germany, Austria, Great Britain, and France. By 2016 Ivan Franko National University of Lviv held 5 international summer schools.
In 2016, active international cooperation with foreign partners was established. The University conducted bilateral scientific research with the University of Vienna (Austria), Kaunas University of Technology (Lithuania), the US Civil Research and Development Foundation, the Hiroshima Institute of Technology (Japan), which were funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine
In recent years, scientists of the University have been actively carrying out research projects funded by international organizations, including the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (Germany), Harvard Medical School (USA), Novartis Institute for Biomedical Research (USA), Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Alberta, International Center for Diffraction Data (USA), Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (USA), Trust Educational Foundation for Tree Research (USA), "Material. Phases. Data. System" company (Switzerland).
An agreement was signed with the CrossRef agency , which allows the assignment of DOI by a university publication. At the University, with the financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, there is a national contact point of the EU Framework Program "Horizon 2020" in the thematic areas "Future and Latest Technologies" and "Inclusive, Innovative and Smart Society".Ratings and reputation
An indicator of the success of a university today can be considered a position in national and international university rankings. In 2015, Lviv University entered the top three universities in Ukraine according to the University Ranking by Academic Performance.
According to the results of the ranking of higher educational institutions of Ukraine according to the scientometric database Scopus, as of April 2017, Lviv University took the fourth place among the universities of Ukraine. As of April 2017, the number of publications of scientists from Lviv University was 5823, the number of citations of articles was 28547, the Hirsch index was 50.
One of the most prestigious university rankings in the world is Webometrics (Webometrics Ranking of World's Universities), which covers twelve thousand universities from around the world and is published twice a year. Over the past year, the University has significantly improved its position in the rankings. According to the January 2018 publication of the ranking, the University entered the top three among Ukrainian universities.
In 2018, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv was included in one of the most popular world rankings, The Times Higher Education World University Rankings, an annual edition of university rankings according to Times Higher Education magazine.