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Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland

22nd and 24th president of the united states

Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 22nd and 24th president of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and from 1893 to 1897. Cleveland is the only president in American history to serve two nonconsecutive terms in office.[b] He won the popular vote for three presidential elections—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was one of two Democrats (followed by Woodrow Wilson in 1912) to be elected president during the era of Republican presidential domination dating from 1861 to 1933.

In 1881, Cleveland was elected mayor of Buffalo and later, governor of New York. He was the leader of the pro-business Bourbon Democrats who opposed high tariffs, Free Silver, inflation, imperialism, and subsidies to business, farmers, or veterans. His crusade for political reform and fiscal conservatism made him an icon for American conservatives of the era. Cleveland won praise for his honesty, self-reliance, integrity, and commitment to the principles of classical liberalism. He fought political corruption, patronage, and bossism. As a reformer, Cleveland had such prestige that the like-minded wing of the Republican Party, called "Mugwumps", largely bolted the GOP presidential ticket and swung to his support in the 1884 election. As his second administration began, disaster hit the nation when the Panic of 1893 produced a severe national depression. It ruined his Democratic Party, opening the way for a Republican landslide in 1894 and for the agrarian and silverite seizure of the Democratic Party in 1896. The result was a political realignment that ended the Third Party System and launched the Fourth Party System and the Progressive Era.

leadership.

Timeline

March 18, 1837
Grover Cleveland was born in Caldwell.

Patents

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Grover Cleveland Manuscripts, 1867-1908: New York State Library

Web

Letters From Grover Cleveland | Archives & Special Collections | State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Web

Presidential Speeches | Miller Center

Web

November 21, 2016

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
John Haltiwanger
November 6, 2020
Business Insider
Donald Trump is the first incumbent president in nearly three decades to not win reelection.
JONATHAN A. KNEE
January 7, 2019
www.nytimes.com
The current political and economic environment makes Jack Kelly's examination of the events that ended the Gilded Age both timely and urgent.
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