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Zhores Alferov

Zhores Alferov

Soviet and russian physicist and academic

D. in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Rector of the St. Petersburg Academic University - Research Center for Nanotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

D. in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Rector of St. Petersburg Academic University - Nanotechnology Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate.

J.I. Alferov was a major scientist-physicist, who laid the foundations of electronics based on heterostructures with a wide range of applications, "zone engineering".

In 1952 he graduated from the electronic engineering department of the Leningrad Ulyanov-Lenin Electrotechnical Institute. Since 1953 he worked in A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, from 1987 to 2003 as a director. He took part in the development of the first Russian transistors and germanium power devices.

In 1970 he received his PhD in physics and mathematics, in 1972 he became a professor, and a year later - the head of the basic department of optoelectronics of LETI.

His laboratory developed industrial technology for the fabrication of semiconductors in heterostructures, the first continuous laser on heterojunctions, and designed and built solar cells, which were successfully used on the Mir space station in 1986.

In 1972 he was elected Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, in 1979 - Full Member, in 1990 - Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences and President of the St. Petersburg Scientific Center of the RAS.

J.I. Alferov's works were recognized worldwide and included in the textbooks. He was the author of more than 500 scientific works including three monographs and more than 50 inventions.

In 2000. In 2000 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his achievements in electronics together with the Americans Jack Kilby and Herbert Kramer.

In 2002 Zhores Alferov and the scientists who worked with him were awarded the State Prize for their work "Fundamental studies of formation processes and properties of heterostructures with quantum dots and creation of lasers on their basis".

He was elected deputy of the USSR, the State Duma of the second, third, fourth and fifth convocations (CPRF faction).

In 2002 Zh.I. Alferov initiated the establishment of the Global Energy Prize. In 2001 he established the Foundation of Education and Science Support to support talented young students, facilitate their professional development, encourage creative activity in carrying out scientific research in priority fields of science. The first contribution to the Fund was made from the Nobel Prize funds.

Since 2010. - He is co-chairman of the Skolkovo Foundation's Scientific Advisory Board.

He was awarded Ballantyne Gold Medal (1971) of Franklin Institute (USA), Hewlett-Packard Prize of European Physical Society (1972), H. Welker Medal (1987), A. P. Karpinsky Prize and A. F. Ioffe Prize of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Demidov Prize (1999), Kyoto Prize for the Advancement in Electronics (2001). Awarded with orders of Lenin, October Revolution, Labor Red Banner, Badge of Honor, and For Services to the Fatherland (III and II classes), medals of USSR and Russian Federation.


March 15, 2010
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" - 4th class
March 14, 2005
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" - 1st class
State Prize of the Russian Federation
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" - 2nd class
June 4, 1999
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" - 3rd class
Order of Lenin
Order of the October Revolution
Order of the Red Banner of Labour
Lenin Prize
Order of the Badge of Honour


Further Resources


The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000


Zhores Alferov | Russian physicist


March 11, 2022

Интервью с Нобелевским лауреатом Жоресом Алфёровым


August 1, 2017

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