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Zbigniew Brzezinski

Zbigniew Brzezinski

Polish-american political scientist

Biography

Zbigniew was born on March 28, 1928 in Poland. Zbigniew is the son of a Polish diplomat. The parents registered the child in Warsaw. Since 1938, Zbigniew lived in Canada, where his father was sent as Consul General of Poland, in the 1950s he became a US citizen and made an academic career.

Career

Brzezinski graduated from McGill University with a master's degree and Harvard University with a doctorate in political science in 1953. Brzezinski's doctoral dissertation was devoted to "The Formation of the Totalitarian System in the USSR". Brzezinski taught at Harvard, in 1961 he moved to Columbia University, where he headed the Institute on Communist Affairs.

In the mid-1960s, he was appointed to the State Department's Planning Board. He was the first to propose to explain all the political processes taking place in the socialist countries from the standpoint of the concept of totalitarianism. Brzezinski is the author of the global strategy of anti-communism, the theory of the technotronic era and the concept of a new type of American hegemony. In the 60s, he was an adviser to the Kennedy administrations (John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy - the 35th President of the United States, one of the most prominent politicians of the 20th century), took a hard line towards the Soviet Union. At the end of Johnson's term (Johnson was the 36th Democratic President of the United States from November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969 and the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy from January 20, 1961 to November 22, 1963). Brzezinski was a foreign policy adviser to Vice President Humphrey (Hubert Horace Humphrey Jr., a member of the Democratic Party, was the 38th Vice President of the United States under President Johnson). Brzezinski was a critic of the Nixon-Kissinger policy - an American statesman, diplomat and expert in international relations. US National Security Advisor and US Secretary of State.

Brzezinski served as national security adviser in the Carter administration from 1977 to 1981 (James Carter was the 39th President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2002).

Brzezinski was an active supporter of the secret CIA program to involve the USSR in a costly and possibly distracting military conflict, about which he wrote to President Carter after the outbreak of the Afghan war: "Now we have a chance to give the Soviet Union our Vietnam War."

During the Clinton presidency (American statesman and politician, 42nd President of the United States from the Democratic Party. Prior to his election to the presidency, he was elected Governor of Arkansas five times).

Brzezinski was the author of the concept of NATO expansion to the East.

Brzezinski is a Consultant for the Center for Strategic and International Studies and Professor of American Foreign Policy at the Paul Nitze School of Contemporary International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, a member of the Board of Directors of the National Support for Democracy, a member of Freedom House, a member of the Trilateral Commission, a member of (American Academy of Arts and Sciences, co-chair of the American Committee for Peace in Chechnya.

Personal life of Zbigniew Brzezinski

Brzezinski was married to Emily Benes (Czech-American sculptor). Emily Benes (niece of the second president of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Benes), with whom Brzezinski had three children. His youngest son, Mark Brzezinski (born 1965), is a lawyer who served on President Clinton's National Security Council as an expert on Russia and Southeast Europe, and US Ambassador to Sweden (2011-2015). Brzezinski's daughter Mika (born 1967) is a television host and co-host of MSNBC's morning program, Morning Joe, where she regularly comments and reads the program's news headlines. Brzezinski's eldest son, Jan Brzezinski (born 1963), is a Senior Fellow in the International Security Program and serves on the board of the Atlantic Group of Strategic Advisers. Yang served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Europe and NATO (2001-2005) and was a director of the Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation.

Titles, awards and prizes

US Presidential Medal of Freedom (1981)

Order of Merit, 1st class (Ukraine)

Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise III degree (Ukraine)

Order of the Three Stars (Latvia)

Grand Cross of the Order of Tomas Garrig Masaryk (Czech Republic)

Order of Stara Planina (Bulgaria)

Grand Cross with Star and Ribbon of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany

Grand Cross of the Order of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Gediminas

Grand Officer of the Order of Merit (Hungary)

Order of the Star of Romania

Tocqueville Prize (2011)

Honorary degrees from Georgetown, Fordham, Lublin Catholic, Warsaw and Vilnius Universities, William College, Christ Church and Alliance

Honorary citizen of the city of Lviv

Books by Zbigniew Brzezinski

The Grand Chessboard - The main idea of the book - American superiority and its geostrategic imperatives - is one of the main works of Zbigniew Brzezinski.

Strategic vision - America and the Crisis of Global Power - Zbigniew Brzezinski was highly critical of US policy in this book.

Timeline

March 28, 1928
Zbigniew Brzezinski was born in Warsaw.

Patents

Further Resources

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References

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