Wolfgang Pauli (born April 25, 1900, in Vienna, Austria; died December 15, 1958, in Zürich, Switzerland) was a theoretical physicist known for his work in quantum mechanics. He held citizenship in Austria, Switzerland, and the United States. Pauli received a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1945 for his discovery of the Exclusion Principle.
Pauli studied at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where his doctoral advisor was Arnold Sommerfeld. He went on to become a professor of physics and had several notable doctoral students, including Felix Villars, Nicholas Kemmer, Amos de-Shalit, Maurice Pryce, and Heinrich Rohrer.
Throughout his career, Pauli made significant contributions to the field of physics. His notable works include the Pauli Exclusion Principle, Pauli matrices, the Pauli effect, Pauli–Villars regularization, the Pauli group, the Pauli equation, and the Pauli–Lubanski pseudovector.