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Manjaro Linux

Manjaro Linux

Free and open-source Linux distribution based on the Arch Linux operating system. Manjaro has a focus on user-friendliness and accessibility. It features a rolling release update model and uses Pacman as its package manager. Manjaro is mainly developed in Austria, France and Germany.

History

Manjaro was first released on July 10, 2011. By mid 2013, Manjaro was in the beta stage, though key elements of the final system had all been implemented such as: a GUI installer (then an Antergos installer fork); a package manager (Pacman) with its choice of frontends; Pamac (GTK) for Xfce desktop and Octopi (Qt) for its Openbox edition; MHWD (Manjaro Hardware Detection, for detection of free & proprietary video drivers); and Manjaro Settings Manager (for system-wide settings, user management, and graphics driver installation and management).

GNOME Shell support was dropped with the release of version 0.8.3. in 2012. However, efforts within Arch Linux made it possible to restart the Cinnamon/GNOME edition as a community edition. An official release offering the GNOME desktop environment was reinstated in March 2017.

During the development of Manjaro 0.9.0 at the end of August 2015, the Manjaro team decided to switch to year and month designations for the Manjaro version scheme instead of numbers. This applies to both the 0.8.x series as well as the new 0.9.x series, renaming 0.8.13, released in June 2015, as 15.06 and so on. Manjaro 15.09, codenamed Bellatrix and formerly known as 0.9.0, was released on 27 September 2015 with the new Calamares installer and updated packages.

In September 2017, Manjaro announced that support for i686 architecture would be dropped because "popularity of this architecture is decreasing". However, in November 2017 a semi-official community project "manjaro32", based on archlinux32, continued i686 support.

In September 2019, the Manjaro GmbH & Co. KG company was founded. It's FOSS website stated the company was formed '... to effectively engage in commercial agreements, form partnerships, and offer professional services'.

Official editions

Manjaro Xfce, which features Manjaro's own dark theme as well as the Xfce desktop.

Manjaro KDE, which features Manjaro's own dark Plasma theme as well as the latest KDE Plasma 5, apps and frameworks.

Manjaro GNOME became the third official version with the Gellivara release and offers the GNOME desktop along with a version of the Manjaro theme.

While not official releases, Manjaro Community Editions are maintained by members of the Manjaro community. They offer additional user interfaces over the official releases, including Budgie, Cinnamon, Deepin, i3, MATE, and Sway.

Manjaro also has editions for devices with ARM processors, such as single-board computers or Pinebook notebooks.

Features

Manjaro comes with both a CLI and a graphical installer. The rolling release model means that the user does not need to upgrade/reinstall the whole system to keep it all up-to-date inline with the latest release. Package management is handled by Pacman via the command line (terminal), and front-end GUI package manager tools like the pre-installed Pamac. It can be configured as either a stable system (default) or bleeding edge in line with Arch.

The repositories are managed with their own tool called BoxIt, which is designed like Git.

Manjaro includes its own GUI settings manager where options like language, drivers, and kernel version can be simply configured.

Certain commonly used Arch utilities such as the Arch Build System (ABS) are available but have alternate implementations in Manjaro.

Manjaro Architect is a CLI net installer that allows the user to choose their own kernel version, drivers, and desktop environment during the install process. Both the official and the community edition's desktop environments are available for selection. For GUI based installations, Manjaro uses the GUI installer Calamares.

Timeline

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

A new Dock for the PinePhone - Expand-X by Beelink!

Web

April 22, 2021

Building your custom Manjaro ISO via Github Actions CI

Web

May 7, 2021

Manjaro migrates to FreeBSD as new base - (Aprils Fools 2021)

Web

April 1, 2021

Manjaro partnered up with Shells

Web

April 6, 2021

Manjaro took part of Volla Community Days 2021

Web

May 30, 2021

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Jim Salter
June 9, 2020
Ars Technica
The tinker-friendly gadget shows a lot of promise, despite COVID-19 QA issues.
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