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Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region

Autonomous province of Tajikistan

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (taj. Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon) is an autonomous region within the Republic of Tajikistan. It occupies the entire eastern part of Tajikistan, being the largest region of the country in terms of area - 64,100 km² (45% of the entire territory of Tajikistan). The administrative center of the region is the city of Khorog (about 30 thousand people live). At the beginning of 2020, over 226 thousand people live in GBAO. Since GBAO is a high-mountainous and border region, surrounded on three sides by other states, foreigners need to obtain a special permit to visit it.

It borders in the north with the Osh region of the Kyrgyz Republic, in the east with the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, in the south with the Badakhshan vilayat of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, in the west and northwest with the regions of republican subordination of Tajikistan, in the southwest with the Khatlon region Tajikistan.

After the establishment of Soviet power in the Pamirs, from August 15, 1923, almost the entire populated territory was part of the Bukhara Socialist Soviet Republic, the eastern half of the territory was part of the Pamir district of the Fergana region of the Turkestan ASSR. On January 2, 1925, by decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, it was transformed into the Autonomous Region of Gorno-Badakhshan (AOGB) as part of the Tajik ASSR.

From October 16, 1929 - as part of the Tajik SSR, which became part of the USSR as a union republic. On December 5, 1936, it was renamed the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Decree of the VIII Extraordinary Congress of Soviets of the USSR 25.11-5.12.1936)


Further Resources


Gorno-Badakhshan | oblast, Tajikistan



Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region


September 25, 2016

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAO)

John Pike


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