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Environmental science

Environmental science

The interdisciplinary field that studies human interaction with the environment.

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary field studying human interactions with the environment involving both science and engineering. It studies the relationships between physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and how they all interact with each other. Environmental science is a multidisciplinary field of science because it draws upon knowledge from many other scientific fields such as biology, chemistry, physics, geology, natural science, economics, social science, political science, philosophy, humanities, and ethics. There are three primary purposes of environmental science which are understanding the natural environment, understanding how human activity is altering the environment, and discovering methods of reducing or improving the role human activity is playing in relation to the environment.


Environmental science first gained wide public attention in the 1980s after the U.S Congress passed the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and other environmentally focused legislation. The legislation acknowledged the need to prevent further environmental degradation from pollution and begin minimizing the volume and types of of toxins released by human activity into the environment.


Further Resources



Science X staff
August 16, 2021
A new study has found that United States would face intensifying nitrogen and phosphorus pollution and increasing irrigation water usage in agricultural production as a result of persistent US-China trade tension, such as China's retaliatory tariffs on US agriculture. In fact, the impacts do not stay within the two countries but spill over to other countries through international trade, adding additional pressure on those already stressed ecosystems, such as the Brazilian Amazon.
Science X staff
August 11, 2021
In addition to providing vitamin D, helping flowers grow and creating the perfect excuse to head to the beach, sunlight also helps break down chemicals in streams, lakes and rivers. Researchers from Michigan Technological University have developed a singlet oxygen model to calculate how particular chemicals break down in surface water.
Science X staff
July 15, 2021
The business world is familiar with Peter Drucker's assertion that "If you can't measure it, you can't improve it." For the sake of environmental sustainability and food security, there is an urgent need for agriculture to improve its use of nitrogen fertilizers, but can we properly measure it?
Science X staff
May 11, 2021
A newly described horned dinosaur that lived in New Mexico 82 million years ago is one of the earliest known ceratopsid species, a group known as horned or frilled dinosaurs. Researchers reported their find in a publication in the journal PalZ (Paläontologische Zeitschrift).
Brandie Jefferson
May 10, 2021
Whether wastewater is full of "waste" is a matter of perspective.


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