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Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additional units of the currency. Cryptocurrencies are a subset of alternative currencies, or specifically of digital currencies.

Bitcoin became the first decentralized cryptocurrency in 2009. Since then, numerous cryptocurrencies have been created. These are frequently called altcoins, as a blend of bitcoin alternative. Bitcoin and its derivatives use decentralized control as opposed to centralized electronic money/centralized banking systems. The decentralized control is related to the use of bitcoin's blockchain transaction database in the role of a distributed ledger.

List of cryptocurrencies

Name
Symbol
Website
Consensus Algorithm

0x

ZRX

https://0xproject.com/

Achain

ACT

https://www.achain.com/

AdEx

ADX

https://www.adex.network/

aelf

ELF

https://aelf.io/

Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS)

Aeternity

AE

https://www.aeternity.com/

Hybrid Proof of Work (PoW) + Proof of Stake (PoS)

Agoras Tokens

AGRS

http://www.idni.org/

Aion

AION

https://aion.network/

Hybrid Byzantine Fault Tolerant (BFT) + Proof-of-Intelligence (PoI)

Ambrosus

AMB

https://ambrosus.com/

Aragon

ANT

https://aragon.one/

Ardor

ARDR

https://www.ardorplatform.org/

Proof of Stake (PoS)

Ark

ARK

https://ark.io/

Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS)

Asch

XAS

https://www.asch.io/

Augur

REP

http://www.augur.net/

Bancor

BNT

https://www.bancor.network/

Basic Attention Token

BAT

https://basicattentiontoken.org/

Binance Coin

BNB

https://www.binance.com/

BitBay

BAY

https://bitbay.market/

Bitcoin

BTC

https://bitcoin.org/

Proof of Work (PoW)

Bitcoin Cash

BCH

https://www.bitcoincash.org/

Proof of Work (PoW)

Bitcoin Gold

BTG

https://bitcoingold.org/

Proof of Work (PoW)

BitcoinDark

BTCD

http://bitcoindark.com/

Proof of Work (PoW)

Bitcore

BTX

https://bitcore.cc/

BitShares

BTS

https://bitshares.org/

Delegeated Proof of Stake (DPOS)

BlockNet

BLOCK

https://blocknet.co/

BLOCKv

VEE

https://blockv.io/

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Timeline

Bitcoin's open source code was released

The domain Bitcoin.org was registered

People

Name
Role
Related Golden topics

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type

An Analysis of the Cryptocurrency Industry

Ryan Farell

Academic paper

Cryptocurrencies, app coins, and investing in protocols

Olaf Carson-Wee, Chris Dixon, and Sonal Chokshi

Fat Protocols

Joel Monegro

Getting applications into people’s hands

Juan Benet and Chris Dixon

Global Cryptocurrency Benchmarking Study

Dr. Garrick Hileman and Michel Rauchs

Academic paper

How Digital Currency Will Change The World

Brian Armstrong

How does Ethereum work, anyway?

Preethi Kasireddy

How the Bitcoin protocol actually works

Michael Nielsen

Money, blockchains, and social scalability

Nick Szabo

Platform currencies may soon be obsolete — here is my claim: within 5 years the biggest cryptocurrency by market cap will be an application token

Aleksandr Bulkin

Research Perspectives and Challenges for Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies

Joseph Bonneau, Andrew Miller, Jeremy Clark, Arvind Narayanan, Joshua A. Kroll, Edward W. Felten

The Future of Cryptocurrency - An Investor’s Comparison of Bitcoin and Ethereum

Alexander D’Alfonso, Peter Langer and Zintis Vandelis

Academic paper

The quiet master of cryptocurrency — Nick Szabo in conversation with Naval Ravikant

Tim Ferris

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

How BitCoin Works in 5 Minutes

04/13/2014

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

Coinbase

Brian Armstrong

San Francisco

Cryptocurrency wallets & exchange