Alan Turing , born on June 23, 1912, in Maida Vale and died on June 7, 1954, in Wilmslow , was a computer scientist, mathematician, and philosopher from the United Kingdom . He studied at various prestigious institutions such as King's College, Cambridge , Princeton University , Sherborne School , and the University of Cambridge .
Alan Turing was known for a range of academic achievements. Some of his notable works include the Turing machine, Computing Machinery and Intelligence , Turing test , Halting problem , Church–Turing thesis , Non-deterministic Turing machine , Turing completeness , Universal Turing machine , Probabilistic Turing machine , Bombe , and Symmetric Turing machine .
Alan Turing, born as Alan Mathison Turing , was a doctoral student under the guidance of Alonzo Church and later advised Robin Gandy and Beatrice Worsley as their doctoral advisor . Turing was awarded the Smith's Prize in recognition of his academic contributions .
Throughout his career, Turing explored a variety of fields, known for his work on the Cryptanalysis of the Enigma and Turing's proof, as well as the development of concepts such as the Unorganised machine, Turing pattern, Turing reduction, and "The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis" . Turing's professional and personal life included a partnership with Joan Clarke .