Turing structures are 3D structures based on 2D Turing patterns which were predicted by Alan Turing in 1952 in his paper 'The Chemical Basis of Morphogensis'. These structures arise when imbalances between diffusion rates make a stable steady-state system sensitive to heterogeneous perturbations.

Edits on 10 Feb, 2020

Edits made to:
**Article** (+560/-14 characters)

Article

Turing structures are 3D structures based on 2D Turing patterns which were predicted by Alan Turing in 1952 in his paper 'The Chemical Basis of Morphogensis'. These structures arise when imbalances between diffusion rates make a stable steady-state system sensitive to heterogeneous perturbations. Almost all theories surrounding Turing Structures as based on activator-inhibitor kinetics where the activator is responsible for accelerating the reaction, and the inhibitor is responsible for slowing down the reactions caused by the activator.

In 2018, a team led by Lin Zhang in Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China created the first made Turing structure using the material polyamid. AThey created a reaction takes place between trimesoyl chloride and piperazine whereby polyvinyl alcohol has been added to lower its diffusion rate and to activate an inhibitor in trimesoyl chloride. The resulting reaction produces a 3D Turing structure with dot and tube variants. These variants are predicted by Turing's model.

Edits on 5 Jun, 2018

Edits made to:
**Table** (+20/-20 characters)

Turing structures are 3D structures based on 2D Turing patterns which were predicted by Alan Turing in 1952 in his paper 'The Chemical Basis of Morphogensis'. These structures arise when imbalances between diffusion rates make a stable steady-state system sensitive to heterogeneous perturbations.

Table

Author

Title

Link

Type

A M Turing

The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis

Academic Paperpaper

B. Hasslacher, R. Kapral, A. Lawniczak

Molecular Turing structures in the biochemistry of the cell

Academic Paperpaper

Hector Zenil

Turing Patterns with Turing Machines: Emergence and Low-level Structure Formation

Academic Paperpaper

Polyamide membranes with nanoscale Turing structures for water purification

Academic Paperpaper

Edits on 1 Jun, 2018

Edits made to:
**Table** (-4 rows) (-11 cells) (-508 characters)
**Table** (+4 rows) (+15 cells) (+564 characters)

Table

Author

Title

Link

A M Turing

The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis

B. Hasslacher, R. Kapral, A. Lawniczak

Molecular Turing structures in the biochemistry of the cell

Hector Zenil

Turing Patterns with Turing Machines: Emergence and Low-level Structure Formation

Polyamide membranes with nanoscale Turing structures for water purification

Table

Author

Title

Link

Type

A M Turing

The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis

Academic Paper

B. Hasslacher, R. Kapral, A. Lawniczak

Molecular Turing structures in the biochemistry of the cell

Academic Paper

Hector Zenil

Turing Patterns with Turing Machines: Emergence and Low-level Structure Formation

Academic Paper

Polyamide membranes with nanoscale Turing structures for water purification

Academic Paper

Edits on 5 May, 2018

Edits made to:
**Description** (+298 characters)
**Article** (+674 characters)
**Table** (+4 rows) (+9 cells) (+383 characters)
**Table** (+2 rows) (+2 cells) (+82 characters)
**Categories** (+2 topics)
**Related Topics** (+5 topics)

Turing structures are 3D structures based on 2D Turing patterns which were predicted by Alan Turing in 1952 in his paper 'The Chemical Basis of Morphogensis'. These structures arise when imbalances between diffusion rates make a stable steady-state system sensitive to heterogeneous perturbations.

Article

In 2018, a team led by Lin Zhang in Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China created the first made Turing structure using the material polyamid. A reaction takes place between trimesoyl chloride and piperazine whereby polyvinyl alcohol has been added to lower its diffusion rate and to activate an inhibitor in trimesoyl chloride. The resulting reaction produces a 3D Turing structure with dot and tube variants. These variants are predicted by Turing's model.

Applications

Turing structures have large surface area and may have applications in desalination machines. They also have potential applications in regenerative medicine including bone, organ and vein construction.

Table

Author

Title

Link

A M Turing

The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis

B. Hasslacher, R. Kapral, A. Lawniczak

Molecular Turing structures in the biochemistry of the cell

Hector Zenil

Turing Patterns with Turing Machines: Emergence and Low-level Structure Formation

Polyamide membranes with nanoscale Turing structures for water purification

Table

Author

Title

Link

Water filter inspired by Alan Turing passes first test

Categories

Related Topics

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