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Republic in western Asia

Location of Syria.

Syria(arab. سوريا) is a state in Western Asia, stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to Iraq. It borders Turkey in the north, Iraq in the east, Jordan in the south, Lebanon and Israel in the west. The name of the country comes from the name of the ancient state - Assyria.

The capital of Syria is Damascus- one of the most ancient cities in the World. Full name of the state is Syrian Arab Republic.

Official language in Syria is arabic.

Flag of Syria

The flag of the Syrian Arab Republic consists of three colours: red, white and black, with two green stars, of five angles each.

Form of Goverment

The form of government in Syria is a Republic.

Head of State of Syria.

President elected for a term of 7 years.

Major cities in Syria





Most of Syria is dominated by a subtropical Mediterranean type of climate, and in the interior - arid continental. ... Temperatures in the eastern regions of Syria differ by 8-10 degrees from the coastal ones. For example, in Palmyra in the summer during the daytime, the air warms up to +36 C.

The Golan Heights

The Golan Heights have been a disputed area on the Syrian-Israeli border for more than half a century. In 1967, this part of the Syrian province of Quneitra was taken by force by the Israeli army during the Six Day War.

In 1981, the Israeli Knesset passed the "Golan Heights Law", which unilaterally declared Israeli sovereignty over the territory. The annexation was invalidated by the UN Security Council Resolution of December 17, 1981 and condemned by the UN General Assembly in 2008.


March 23, 2020
UAE suspends flights for two weeks as coronavirus reaches Gaza, Syria.

Further Resources



The Associated Press
October 9, 2021
Lebanon's two main power plants were forced to shut down after running out of fuel, the state electricity company said Saturday, leaving the small country with no government-produced power.
September 23, 2021
The Economic Times
The situation in the Middle East has deteriorated significantly in more countries and in more ways in the last two years. Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Libya and Yemen are teetering on the brink of humanitarian catastrophe, with skyrocketing poverty and an economic implosion that threatens to throw the region into even deeper turmoil.
By BASSEM MROUE, Associated Press
September 22, 2021
BEIRUT (AP) - Coronavirus cases are surging to the worst levels of the pandemic in a...
BASSEM MROUE Associated Press
September 22, 2021
ABC News
Coronavirus cases are surging to the worst levels of the pandemic in a rebel stronghold in Syria
The Associated Press
September 4, 2021
A senior Lebanese government delegation asked Syria on Wednesday to allow Egyptian natural gas and Jordanian electricity to pass through its territory to ease a crippling fuel crisis that has paralyzed Lebanon.


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