A saw is a tool consisting of a tough blade, wire, or chain with a hard toothed edge. It is used to cut through material, very often wood, though sometimes metal or stone. The cut is made by placing the toothed edge against the material and moving it forcefully forth and less vigorously back or continuously forward. This force may be applied by hand, or powered by steam, water, electricity or other power source. An abrasive saw has a powered circular blade designed to cut through metal or ceramic.
A review of wood machining literature with a special focus on sawing
The saw in history; : Disston, Henry, & sons. [from old catalog] : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
Henry Disston & Sons.