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Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

British monarch who reigned 1837–1901

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death in 1901. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than any previous British monarch. It was a period of industrial, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. In 1876, the British Parliament voted to grant her the additional title of Empress of India.

Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (the fourth son of King George III), and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. After the deaths of her father and grandfather in 1820, she was raised under close supervision by her mother and her comptroller, John Conroy. She inherited the throne aged 18 after her father's three elder brothers died without surviving legitimate issue. Though a constitutional monarch, Victoria privately attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments; publicly, she became a national icon who was identified with strict standards of personal morality.

Victoria married her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840. Their children married into royal and noble families across the continent, earning Victoria the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe" and spreading haemophilia in European royalty. After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, British republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration. She died on the Isle of Wight in 1901. The last British monarch of the House of Hanover, she was succeeded by her son Edward VII of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Timeline

May 24, 1819
Queen Victoria was born.

Patents

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News

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July 2, 2021
Hindustan Times
Behind the anger of the protesters is the discovery of many unmarked graves of children in the former indigenous schools of Canada. | World News
Phillip Hall
June 3, 2021
the Guardian
Recent revelations cast a light on a long and unedifying history, says Phillip Hall, author of Royal Fortune: Tax, Money and the Monarchy
Caroline Bologna
April 29, 2021
HuffPost UK
A look back at some over-the-top cakes created for royal nuptials over the years.
By Peter Shuttleworth
December 25, 2020
BBC News
How a 19th Century draper "set up a company similar to Amazon" and created a billion pound industry.
Alyssa Pagano
December 19, 2020
Business Insider
The Christmas tree is found all over the world today, but its history goes back to even before medieval Germans fully embraced the holiday tradition.
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