A biomimetic system that expresses behaviors existing in living systems (i.e. self-replication, death, interaction between individuals and mutation). Phenotypes and genotypes are constructed from qubits and the replication mechanism is based on quantum cloning events.
In certain configurations of quantum artificial life, quantum entanglement can be spread through generations. In 2017, researchers at the Department of Physical Chemistry, University of the Basque Country, demonstrated a quantum artificial life on a IBM ibmqx4 quantum computer.
Quantum Artificial Life in an IBM Quantum Computer
U. Alvarez-Rodriguez,, ∗ M. Sanz, L. Lamata, and E. Solano
Quantum Simulation Could Shed Light on the Origins of Life
MIT Technology Review
- Quantum computingThe study of computation systems that make use of quantum mechanical phenomena (eg entanglement and superposition). Quantum computers use qubits (rather than binary 0 and 1s) which can be in both states at the same time by being in a superposition of states.
- Quantum algorithm
- Artificial lifeThe synthesis and simulation of living systems to study life and life-like processes.