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Most populous city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany

Leipzig in Saxon dialect also Leibzsch [ˈlaɪ̯bt͡sʃ]) is an independent city and the most populous city in the Free State of Saxony with 609.869 inhabitants (31 December 2021). In 2021, it ranked eighth in the list of large cities in Germany. For Central Germany, it is a historical centre of business, trade and transport, administration, culture and education, as well as currently a centre for the "creative scene."



Settlement of the town centre began in the 5th millennium BC south of today's Goerdelerring. In the 6th century, immigrant Slavs built a permanent settlement, which was given the name "Lipzk" (lipa = place by the lime trees) around 800.

In 928, the German castle "urbs Lipzi" was founded on the hill of the later Matthäikirchhof. This was first mentioned in 1015 in the chronicle of Bishop Thietmar of Merseburg.

The year 1165 is regarded as the founding year of the city of Leipzig, when Margrave Otto the Rich granted the city and market rights. Situated at the crossroads of the two trade and military routes Via Regia and Via Imperii, Leipzig developed into an important trading city. A milestone on this path was the trade fair privilege granted by Emperor Maximilian I in 1497. It elevated the markets held three times a year to imperial fairs and forbade towns within a 15-mile radius from holding markets.



Further Resources



JD Alois
August 3, 2021
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Science X staff
June 1, 2021
The smoke from the extreme forest fires on the US West Coast in September 2020 traveled over many thousands of kilometers to Central Europe, where it continued to affect the atmosphere for days afterwards. A comparison of ground and satellite measurements now shows: The forest fire aerosol disturbed the free troposphere over Leipzig in Germany as never before. An evaluation by an international research team led by the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS) revealed an extraordinary optical thickness on 11 September 2020, which attenuated sunlight by a third. The study, published in Geophysical Research Letters, is the first publication to show that ESA's novel Aeolus satellite can not only reliably measure global wind profiles but also aerosols in the atmosphere as it was shown by comparing Aeolus measurements with lidar measurements from the ground. The Center National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM) of the University of Toulouse, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the European Space Agency (ESA) were involved in the study.
April 30, 2021
The BMW Group is launching production of battery components at its plants in Leipzig and Regensburg and expanding its e-drive production network. It has been less than a year since the decision was made to expand production capacity for e-drives in Germany. BMW Group Plant Leipzig will launch series production of battery modules on Monday, 3 May 2021, while BMW Group Plant Regensburg began coating battery cells for high-voltage batteries in April 2021. High-voltage batteries will also be p...
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July 20, 2020
the Guardian
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