John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh , was born on November 12, 1842, in Maldon, Essex , and died on June 30, 1919, in Witham . He was a physicist, chemist, mathematician, and politician , having citizenship in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland .
Lord Rayleigh's education took place at Harrow School, Eton College, Trinity College, Cambridge, and the University of Cambridge . His doctoral advisor was Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet .
The 3rd Baron Rayleigh's notable works include discovering the element Argon and the study of Rayleigh scattering, Rayleigh wave, and Rayleigh–Bénard convection . His academic disciplines included the study of physics, acoustics, and optics .
John William Strutt had two children named Robert Strutt, 4th Baron Rayleigh and Arthur John Strutt . Among his doctoral students were George Paget Thomson, J. J. Thomson, and Jagadish Chandra Bose .