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Israel

Israel

Israel is a country in western Asia

Israel is a country established by a United Nations (UN) resolution in 1948, in a partitioning of the Palestine territory previously occupied by the United Kingdom. On December 31, 2020, Israel's population is estimated at 9,291,000 residents. 6,870,000 are Jews (73.9% of the total population), 1,956,000 - Arabs (21.1%) and 456,000 "other" (5.0%). The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Israel was worth 395.10 billion US dollars in 2019, according to official data from the World Bank and projections from Trading Economics.

The official language is Hebrew; the two languages in widest use are Hebrew and Arabic. Arabic is the daily language and language of instruction for Israel's Arabic citizens. But for Jewish Israelis the day-to-day language is Hebrew.

Political structure and election process

The Israeli government is a Parliamentary system, consisting of the legislative, executive, and judicial systems. Its institutions are the presidency, the Knesset (parliament), the government (cabinet of ministers) and the judiciary.

The political structure of Israel

During elections, people vote for parties and parties receive seats based on what percent of the popular vote they receive. As of 2019, the cutoff for a party to receive seats in the government was 3.25%. After an election, the parties negotiate with each other to form a coalition of parties with a majority of the seats. Once a coalition is formed, the parties in the coalition choose a prime minister. To date, all governments have been based on coalitions of several parties, since no party has received enough Knesset seats to be able to form a government by itself.

Timeline

May 10, 2021
Gaza militants fire rockets at Jerusalem, and Israel responds with airstrikes; this follows a morning police raid on the Aqsa Mosque, one of Islam’s holiest sites, that left hundreds of Palestinians and a score of police officers wounded, capping weeks of unrest in the city.
April 1, 2021
Israel’s first fully digital bank selects Bloomberg as their primary data provider.
February 11, 2021
Pfizer-BioNTech's COVID-19 vaccine was 93% effective at protecting against COVID-19, a leading Israeli healthcare provider announced Thursday.
August 13, 2020
A peace agreement, known as the Abraham Accord, is reached between Israel and United Arab Emirates.
July 6, 2006
The second Lebanon War breaks out, after the 2006 Hezbollah cross-boarder raid.
June 6, 1982
The Lebanon War takes place, when an estimated 60,000 Israeli troops invade Lebanon, launching "Operation Peace for Galilee."
June 5, 1967
The Six-Day War, or Third Arab-Israeli War, takes place, during which Israel captures the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Old City of Jerusalem, and Golan Heights.
May 15, 1948
The Arab-Israeli war takes place, when five Arab nations invade territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel.
May 14, 1948
David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimes the establishment of the state of Israel.

Patents

Further reading

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Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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News

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By JOSEF FEDERMAN
December 6, 2021
AP NEWS
JERUSALEM (AP) -- Israel's Defense Ministry on Monday announced that it was tightening supervision over cyber exports -- a move that follows a series of scandals involving Israeli spyware company NSO Group.
December 2, 2021
AP NEWS
JERUSALEM (AP) -- Israel said Thursday it was halting the use of a controversial phone tracking technology to trace possible cases of the new coronavirus variant. Earlier this week, the government approved travel restrictions and authorized the country's internal security agency to use the phone monitoring technology for contact tracing people infected by the omicron variant in Israel.
By TIA GOLDENBERG
November 29, 2021
AP NEWS
JERUSALEM (AP) -- The Black Eyed Peas' will.i.am said Monday that politics don't dictate his actions, with pressure from pro-Palestinian activists unable to deter him from performing in Israel and maintaining ties to the country's high-tech scene.
November 28, 2021
AP NEWS
JERUSALEM (AP) -- Israel on Sunday approved barring entry to foreign nationals and the use of controversial technology for contact tracing as part of its efforts to clamp down on a new coronavirus variant.
By RAF CASERT and CALVIN WOODWARD
November 27, 2021
AP NEWS
BRUSSELS (AP) -- Nearly two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, the world is racing to contain a new coronavirus variant potentially more dangerous than the one that has fueled relentless waves of infection on nearly every continent.
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References

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