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Israel

Israel

Israel is a country in western Asia

Israel is a country established by a United Nations (UN) resolution in 1948, in a partitioning of the Palestine territory previously occupied by the United Kingdom. On December 31, 2020, Israel's population is estimated at 9,291,000 residents. 6,870,000 are Jews (73.9% of the total population), 1,956,000 - Arabs (21.1%) and 456,000 "other" (5.0%). The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Israel was worth 395.10 billion US dollars in 2019, according to official data from the World Bank and projections from Trading Economics.

The official language is Hebrew; the two languages in widest use are Hebrew and Arabic. Arabic is the daily language and language of instruction for Israel's Arabic citizens. But for Jewish Israelis the day-to-day language is Hebrew.

Political structure and election process

The Israeli government is a Parliamentary system, consisting of the legislative, executive, and judicial systems. Its institutions are the presidency, the Knesset (parliament), the government (cabinet of ministers) and the judiciary.

The political structure of Israel

During elections, people vote for parties and parties receive seats based on what percent of the popular vote they receive. As of 2019, the cutoff for a party to receive seats in the government was 3.25%. After an election, the parties negotiate with each other to form a coalition of parties with a majority of the seats. Once a coalition is formed, the parties in the coalition choose a prime minister. To date, all governments have been based on coalitions of several parties, since no party has received enough Knesset seats to be able to form a government by itself.

Timeline

May 10, 2021
Gaza militants fire rockets at Jerusalem, and Israel responds with airstrikes; this follows a morning police raid on the Aqsa Mosque, one of Islam’s holiest sites, that left hundreds of Palestinians and a score of police officers wounded, capping weeks of unrest in the city.
April 1, 2021
Israel’s first fully digital bank selects Bloomberg as their primary data provider.
February 11, 2021
Pfizer-BioNTech's COVID-19 vaccine was 93% effective at protecting against COVID-19, a leading Israeli healthcare provider announced Thursday.
August 13, 2020
A peace agreement, known as the Abraham Accord, is reached between Israel and United Arab Emirates.
July 6, 2006
The second Lebanon War breaks out, after the 2006 Hezbollah cross-boarder raid.
June 6, 1982
The Lebanon War takes place, when an estimated 60,000 Israeli troops invade Lebanon, launching "Operation Peace for Galilee."
June 5, 1967
The Six-Day War, or Third Arab-Israeli War, takes place, during which Israel captures the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Old City of Jerusalem, and Golan Heights.
May 15, 1948
The Arab-Israeli war takes place, when five Arab nations invade territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel.
May 14, 1948
David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimes the establishment of the state of Israel.

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Ariel Sharon

Prime Minister

Benjamin Netanyahu

Prime Minister

David Ben-Gurion

Prime Minister

Golda Meir

Prime Minister

Itzhak Rabin

Prime Minister

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

Mobileye

Ziv Aviram

Jerusalem, Israel

Collision Detection for cars

Waze

Ehud Shabtai

Ra'anana, Israel

Driving directions, GPS

Wix

Avishai Abrahami

Tel Aviv, Israel

Website Hosting/Creation

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
By JOSEF FEDERMAN
October 21, 2021
AP NEWS
JERUSALEM (AP) -- Israel's new environmental protection minister has set some ambitious goals: She believes she can use her office to play an important role in the global battle against climate change while also promoting peace in the volatile Middle East.
Jennifer Ouellette
October 12, 2021
Ars Technica
Five winepresses, treading floor, warehouses, and pottery kilns among the major finds.
Gareth Davies
October 12, 2021
The Telegraph
'I understand not everyone will agree with my decision, but I simply do not feel it would be right for me under the present circumstances'
By The Associated Press
October 11, 2021
AP NEWS
___Merck asks US FDA to authorize promising anti-COVID pillWASHINGTON (AP) -- Drugmaker Merck has asked U.S. regulators to authorize its promising antiviral pill against COVID-19, setting the stage for a decision within weeks.
By JACK JEFFERY
October 11, 2021
AP NEWS
TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) -- Dozens of drones floated through the skies of Tel Aviv on Monday, ferrying cartons of ice cream and sushi across the city in an experiment that officials hope provided a glimpse of the not-too-distant future.
The Associated Press
October 3, 2021
CTVNews
Egypt's national carrier Sunday made its first official direct flight to Israel since the two countries signed an historic 1979 peace treaty as an EgyptAir jet landed at Tel Aviv's Ben Gurion Airport.
October 3, 2021
The Economic Times
Under Sunday's new guidelines, people eligible for a green pass must have received a booster shot. Those who have received two vaccine doses, or those who have recovered from coronavirus, are only eligible for six months after the date of their vaccination or recovery.
FinSMEs
September 30, 2021
FinSMEs
About | Advertise | Contact | Disclaimer | News | The Daily Deal Newsletter FinSMEs.com by FinSMEs is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
September 30, 2021
The Economic Times
The Israeli top diplomat touched down at Manama airport, where a Gulf Air plane was due to take off for the first commercial flight between the two countries shortly afterwards.
Andrew Sparrow
September 27, 2021
the Guardian
Shadow Chancellor Rachel Reeves speaks during day three of the Labour Party conference. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images
September 26, 2021
mint
Israelis who have become millionaires in a red-hot technology market are now transforming Tel Aviv and its economy
By ILAN BEN ZION, Associated Press
September 25, 2021
Chron
JERUSALEM (AP) - Israel is pressing ahead with its aggressive campaign of offering...
ILAN BEN ZION Associated Press
September 25, 2021
ABC News
Israel is pressing ahead with its aggressive campaign of offering coronavirus boosters to almost anyone over 12 and says its approach was further vindicated by a U.S. decision to give the shots to older patients or those at higher risk
Ronen Bergman and Farnaz Fassihi
September 18, 2021
www.nytimes.com
Israeli agents had wanted to kill Iran's top nuclear scientist for years. Then they came up with a way to do it with no operatives present.
Beth Mole
September 17, 2021
Ars Technica
The committee roundly rejected approving boosters for everyone 16 and up.
Connie Loizos
September 17, 2021
TechCrunch
Blumberg Capital, founded in 1991 by investor David Blumberg, has just closed its fifth early-stage venture fund with $225 million, a vehicle that Blumberg says was oversubscribed -- he planned to raise $200 million -- and that has already been used to invest in 16 startups around the world (the firm has small offices in [...]
Special to Financial Post
September 16, 2021
financialpost
A year or more's grace would let Erin O'Toole show Canadians what he stands for and what he can achieve
September 14, 2021
The Economic Times
On September 15, 2020, the UAE became the first Gulf nation to establish formal relations with the Jewish state, and the third Arab country ever to do so after Egypt and Jordan in 1979 and 1994 respectively.
The Associated Press
September 10, 2021
CTVNews
Arizona has sold off US$93 million in Unilever bonds and plans to sell the remaining $50 million it has invested in the global consumer products company over subsidiary Ben & Jerry's decision to stop selling its ice cream in Israeli-occupied territories, the latest in a series of actions by states with anti-Israel boycott laws.
September 4, 2021
AP NEWS
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) -- Gaza's ruling Hamas militant group on Saturday launched over a dozen of incendiary balloons into Israel, seeking to ratchet up pressure in order to ease a crippling blockade of the territory.
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References

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