Humanoid robots are robots built to resemble the human body, with a head, torso, two arms and two legs. Humanoid robots use an array of sensors, actuators, and artificial intelligence and robotics engineering to perform tasks in the scientific research applications, space exploration, personal assistance, healthcare, hospitality, education, entertainment, search and rescue, manufacturing, maintenance, and public relations.
Humanoid robots have been produced by a number of universities and academic research labs, as well as private sector companies like Honda, Toyota, Hanson Robotics, PAL Robotics, Agility Robotics, Samsung Technology and Advanced Research (STAR) Labs, Macco Robotics, Engineered Arts, and SoftBank Robotics.
In October 2017, the humanoid robot Sophia, produced by Hanson Robotics, was granted citizenship in Saudi Arabia. Sophia serves as the Innovation Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme.
Humanoid robots may only exhibit sections of the human body, for example, from the waist up. One of the most distinctive attributes of the humanoid robot is the ability to replicate human function in the arms and bipedal walking ability in the legs.
Some humanoid robots may also feature human facial features.
Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic in 2020, the use of humanoid robots increased as companies attempted to cope with staffing deficiencies and social distancing requirements globally.
Robotics engineers worldwide worked to roll a number of humanoid robots in the healthcare field to help hospital staff care for patients. A field hospital staffed by humanoid robots was opened in Wuhan, China in March 2020.
Humanoid robots were also rolled out in the manufacturing, logistics, and retail sectors during the pandemic.
Humanoid Robots | RIA Service Robots
The ABOT (Anthropomorphic roBOT) Database