Biohybrid robotics combines engineered artificial structures and living bio-systems.
Yo Tanaka, Kae Sato, Tatsuya Shimizu, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okanobd and Takehiko Kitamori
The University of Tokyo, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology (KAST)
Adam W. Feinberg, Alex Feigel, Sergey S. Shevkoplyas, Sean Sheehy, George M. Whitesides*, Kevin Kit Parker*
Cell sheet engineering using rat cardiomyocytes on polydimethylsiloxane thin films was used to build centimeter-scale biohybrid constructs that perform functions as diverse as gripping, pumping, walking, and swimming with fine spatial and temporal control.