Around the city, the Belgorod agglomeration was formed with a population of more than 0.5 million people. The city of the first salute. The first city in Russia to receive the title of "City of Military Glory".
The city arose on the site of the Seversky settlement (Romenskaya culture), located on a chalk mountain, near the confluence of the Vezelitsa River with the Seversky Donets. The Seversky settlement is a settlement of the Eastern Slavs (northerners), who came here no later than the 8th century. The dominance of the Alans tribes that flooded into these places from the south was replaced by the power of the warlike nomadic Khazars and Pechenegs. The settlement was probably destroyed at the beginning of the 10th century by nomadic Pechenegs.