Alexander Golovin was born into a mining family in the city of Kaltan. Father - Sergey Vladimirovich Golovin - worked as a freight forwarder. My mother worked as an accountant. Sergey has been friends with Alexander Plyasunov since childhood, who worked as a coach at a local youth sports school. When Alexander was 6 years old, his father brought him to Plyasunov, who accepted him to this sports school. From there he moved to the football school of the Metallurg-Kuzbass club and the Olympic Reserve School (Leninsk-Kuznetsky). Golovin was not only fond of football, he played tennis and chess perfectly, skied, skated and snowboarding. At the age of 10, I went to see Spartak Moscow, but then he did not suit the club.
When Golovin played at Metallurg, he was invited to join the Siberian national team, which held a tournament in Krymsk. There, the midfielder attracted the attention of CSKA Moscow scouts, who invited him to the club.
- Champion of Russia: 2015/16
- Silver medalist of the Russian Championship: 2014/15, 2016/17, 2017/18
in AS Monaco:
- Bronze medalist of the French Championship: 2020/21
- French Cup finalist: 2020/21
- Flag of Russia Russian National Team
- Winner of the 2013 European Championship (under 17)
- Silver medalist of the 2015 European Championship (under 19)
- Certificate of Honor of the President of the Russian Federation (July 27, 2018) - for a great contribution to the development of domestic football and high sporting achievements
- Best Young Player of the Russian Championship: 2015/16
- Best Young footballer of Russia: 2016 (national award "Top Five")
- The best player of the season in CSKA: 2017/18 (according to the fans of the team)
Golovin debuted playing for PFC CSKA Moscow on 24 September 2014 against FC Khimik Dzerzhinsk in the 1/16 round of the Russian Cup. He made the starting lineup and was subbed out in the 88th minute of the game.
Golovin made his Russian Football Premier League debut for PFC CSKA Moscow on 14 March 2015 in a game against FC Mordovia Saransk as a sub in the 72nd minute of the game. He made his UEFA Champions League debut against Sparta Prague on 5 August 2015, subbing in for Alan Dzagoev. He scored his first goal for CSKA on 9 April 2016 against FC Mordovia Saransk.
In the summer of 2017, Arsenal offered between £8 and £10 million for Golovin, but CSKA declined the transfer.
On 2 December 2016, Golovin extended his contract with CSKA Moscow until the end of the 2020–21 season.
On 27 July 2018, Golovin signed a five-year contract with AS Monaco for an undisclosed, but record-transfer fee, from CSKA Moscow. Golovin made his competitive debut for Monaco in a 1–1 Ligue 1 home draw against Nîmes on 21 September 2018, coming on as a substitute during the 72nd minute. He made his first start in Ligue 1 on 25 September, in a 0–1 home defeat against Angers. He scored his first Ligue 1 goal on 2 February 2019, in a 2–1 home win over Toulouse.
On 24 September 2019, Golovin scored two goals and provided an assist for Wissam Ben Yedder in Monaco's 3–1 Ligue 1 home win over Nice. On 6 January 2021, in an away match against Lorient and with the score at 1–1, Golovin, who had just recovered from an injury, was brought on as a substitute and scored after less than a minute. Two weeks later, as a substitute once again, he delivered two assists, each from a corner kick, to help his team come from behind and defeat Marseille.
On 7 February 2021, Golovin scored his first hat-trick for Monaco in a 4–3 away victory against Nîmes. In doing so, he became the first player from Russia to record a hat-trick in Ligue 1.
Golovin won the 2013 UEFA European Under-17 Championship with Russia national under-17 team, with which he also participated in the 2013 FIFA U-17 World Cup. Later, Golovin went on to represent the Russia national under-19 team at the 2015 UEFA European Under-19 Championship, where Russia came in second place. Golovin made his debut for the Russia national team on 7 June 2015 in a friendly game against Belarus at the Arena Khimki, replacing captain Roman Shirokov in the 61st minute and scoring Russia's second goal of a 4–2 victory 16 minutes later.
On 11 May 2018, he was included in Russia's extended 2018 FIFA World Cup squad. On 3 June 2018, he was included in the finalized World Cup squad. On 14 June 2018, he played a crucial role in Russia's 5–0 victory over Saudi Arabia making two assists and scoring the final goal, a free-kick in the opening match of the 2018 World Cup.
On 11 May 2021, he was included in the preliminary extended 30-man squad for UEFA Euro 2020. On 2 June 2021, he was included in the final squad. He played every minute in all 3 of Russia's group stage games as Russia was eliminated after losing to Belgium and Denmark and beating Finland.