Roscosmos State Corporation is a company and space agency that is developing state policy for space activities. The company was founded in August 2015 in Moscow, Moscow City, Russian Federation. Roscosmos was founded to help implement the Russian government's space program and legal regulation.
The agency primarily places orders for the sake of developing, producing, and supplying space technology and spatial infrastructure facilities. They develop international cooperation within the space sector and help determine conditions for the sake of space activities in the socio-economic development in Russia.
In 2022, Roscosmos State Corporation announced plans to develop a Russian-built space station in the fallout of sanctions applied to Russia after the country's invasion of Ukraine. The announcement suggests Russia will develop and run a space station, dubbed "ROSS" by Russian state media. Following the announcement, Roscosmos and its head, Dmitry Rogozin, announced Russia and Roscosmos will stop involvement in the International Space Station (ISS) by 2024. The announcement included the target of launching the ROSS by 2028. The models included a core module, a possible new supply ship and transport vehicle, and notes on a second phase expected to add two more large modules starting in 2030.
As the main successor to the Soviet space program and previously known as the Russian Federal Space Agency (founded in 1992 after the fall of Soviet Russia) Roscosmos's legacy includes the world's first satellite, the first human spaceflight, and the first space station (Salyut). Its current activities include the International Space Station, wherein it is a major partner. On February 22, 2019, Roscosmos announced the construction of its new headquarters in Moscow, the National Space Centre. Its Astronaut Corps is the first in the world's history.
Following the collapse of the USSR, Russia had a sprawling state-owned space sector with numerous industries and organizations. These were regrouped under the Russian Federal Space Agency, renamed Roscosmos in 2015, which works as the coordinating hub for space activities. Further, in 2015, the renaming of the Russian Federal Space Agency to Roscosmos was part of a renationalization of the space sector, which was done in part to revamp Soviet-era technologies and practices which had persisted into the 2010s, and to better attract global investments for technology, innovation, and productivity, and to further innovation in the Russian space sector.
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