The Feynman Technique is a way to retain crucial information and/or knowledge by teaching it using simple terms to another person. The creator of it, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman, explained that if one cannot describe an idea in simple terms, then they do not really understand it. The ability to use this technique to explain a topic can prove one's understanding of it.
The technique uses four steps to obtain information and gauge the genuine understanding of the individual learning it.
- Choose a topic or idea that you want to gauge your comprehension on; it can be a topic that is completely new to you or something that you already know. Write down this topic in a notebook or on a piece, followed by everything you know about it and everything you are learning about it.
- Write an explanation using simple language about the topic in the notebook as if you were teaching a class on it.
- Observe the gaps in your knowledge on the topic and return to studying about those specific gaps.
- Simplify your explanation in number 2. This can be done using analogies and simpler language.
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