A Web API is an application programming interface for either a web server or a web browser. It is a web development concept, usually limited to a web application's client-side (including any web frameworks being used), and thus usually does not include web server or browser implementation details such as SAPIs or APIs unless publicly accessible by a remote web application.
Web API's can be built using different programming technologies, such as Java or .NET. An example of web API's include Twitter's REST API's which provide programmatic access to read and write data which users can be used to integrate twitter's capabilities into a users application.
A server-side web API is a programmatic interface consisting of one or more publicly exposed endpoints to a defined request-response message system, typically expressed in JSON or XML, which is exposed via the web. Mashups are web applications which combine the use of several server-side web APIs. Webhooks are server-side web APIs that take input as a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) designed to be used like a remote named pipe or a type of callback, such that the server acts as a client to de-reference the provided URI and trigger an event on another server which handles the event. And provide a type of peer-to-peer IPC.
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- Web developmentWeb development is the work involved in developing a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private network). Web development can range from developing a simple single static page of plain text to complex web-based internet applications (web apps), electronic businesses, and social network services.