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Urban planning

Urban planning

Technical and political process concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment.

Urban planning is the political, technical, and design discipline related to the development of urban areas. Urban planners work on the analysis, design, strategy, and implementation of land use, which includes the built environment, socio-economic functions, and transportation. Urban planning is a field and profession that arose after 1900, primarily in industrial nations.

Ensuring that cities remain vibrant, healthy, and quality places requires an inter-disciplinary approach that includes transportation systems, macro and micro economic forces, socio-economic and cultural dynamics, nature and the environment, urban design, architecture, data analysis, and technology.

The main goals of an urban planner include:

  • preserve and enhance quality-of-life;
  • protect the natural and built environment;
  • promote equity and equality;
  • improve services to disadvantaged communities, and;
  • deal effectively with growth and development of all kinds.

Types of Urban Planning

Type
Description

Environmental Planning

Development with an emphasis on the environment and creation of green spaces.

Infrastructure Planning

The development of core systems and services needed by a city ranging from schooling to roads, from healthcare to supply lines.

Land-Use Planning

Typically concerning governmental statutes, regulations, rules, codes, and policies to influence land use.

Master Planning

The development of greenfield or undeveloped land—as opposed to the redevelopment of brownfield or pre-existing spaces.

Strategic Urban Planning

Strategic urban planning concentrates on high-level strategy for growth areas in a metropolitan area.

Urban Planning Technology Tools

Name
Website
Description

AutoCAD

A software for 2D and 3D CAD (computer-aided design).

Dynamo Metrics

Analytics, planning, and reporting software for local government.

LibreCAD

A free, open source CAD application for Windows, Apple and Linux.

OpenCities Planner

City-scale digital twin planning and visualization software.

OpenStreetMap

A map of the world, free to use under an open license.

Timeline

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

7 Types Of Urban Planning Concepts Explained | ClearPoint Strategy

Rachel Smith

Web

Urban Planning - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

ScienceDirect

Web

What Is Urban Planning?

Web

November 8, 2019

References

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