Urban planning is the political, technical, and design discipline related to the development of urban areas. Urban planners work on the analysis, design, strategy, and implementation of land use, which includes the built environment, socio-economic functions, and transportation. Urban planning is a field and profession that arose after 1900, primarily in industrial nations.
Ensuring that cities remain vibrant, healthy, and quality places requires an inter-disciplinary approach that includes transportation systems, macro and micro economic forces, socio-economic and cultural dynamics, nature and the environment, urban design, architecture, data analysis, and technology.
The main goals of an urban planner include:
- preserve and enhance quality-of-life;
- protect the natural and built environment;
- promote equity and equality;
- improve services to disadvantaged communities, and;
- deal effectively with growth and development of all kinds.
Types of Urban Planning
Development with an emphasis on the environment and creation of green spaces.
The development of core systems and services needed by a city ranging from schooling to roads, from healthcare to supply lines.
Typically concerning governmental statutes, regulations, rules, codes, and policies to influence land use.
The development of greenfield or undeveloped land—as opposed to the redevelopment of brownfield or pre-existing spaces.
Strategic Urban Planning
Strategic urban planning concentrates on high-level strategy for growth areas in a metropolitan area.
The redevelopment of areas in decline or urban decay.
Urban Planning Technology Tools
A software for 2D and 3D CAD (computer-aided design).
Analytics, planning, and reporting software for local government.
A free, open source CAD application for Windows, Apple and Linux.
City-scale digital twin planning and visualization software.
A map of the world, free to use under an open license.
A free and open source geographic information system.
3D urban design software.
Location intelligence platform for smart cities.
7 Types Of Urban Planning Concepts Explained | ClearPoint Strategy
Urban Planning - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
Documentaries, videos and podcasts
What Is Urban Planning?
November 8, 2019