Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley

Subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area in the United States

Silicon Valley is a region in the southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California that serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media. It corresponds roughly to the geographical Santa Clara Valley. San Jose is the Valley's largest city, the third largest in California, and the tenth largest in the United States. Other major Silicon Valley cities include Palo Alto, Menlo Park, Cupertino, Santa Clara, Mountain View, and Sunnyvale. The San Jose Metropolitan Area has the third highest GDP per capita in the world (after Zurich, Switzerland and Oslo, Norway), according to the Brookings Institution.The word "silicon" in the name originally referred to the large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers in the region, but the area is now home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of 39 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies. Silicon Valley also accounts for one-third of all of the venture capital investment in the United States, which has helped it to become a leading hub and startup ecosystem for high-tech innovation and scientific development. It was in the Valley that the silicon-based integrated circuit, the microprocessor, and the microcomputer, among other technologies, were developed. As of 2013, the region employed about a quarter of a million information technology workers.As more high-tech companies were established across San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley, and then north towards the Bay Area's two other major cities, San Francisco and Oakland, the "Silicon Valley" has come to have two definitions: a geographic one, referring to Santa Clara County, and a metonymical one, referring to all high-tech businesses in the Bay Area. The term is now generally used as a synecdoche for the American high-technology economic sector. The name also became a global synonym for leading high-tech research and enterprises, and thus inspired similar named locations, as well as research parks and technology centers with a comparable structure all around the world.

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Editorial
October 26, 2020
the Guardian
'A standard defence is that Google's users are the product and advertisers are its customers, so who is being hurt?' Photograph: Dado Ruvić/Reuters
Natalie Sherman
September 30, 2020
BBC News
The rise of the US tech company has been shadowed by concerns about privacy and surveillance.
Byron Connolly
September 29, 2020
CIO
Silicon Valley has pushed hard to create the most diverse technology organisations on the planet but what are private and public sector companies doing in Australia and in other industries abroad?
Galen Gruman
September 21, 2020
Computerworld
A survey of people of color shows a mix of good and bad news on racial inequality, and a disturbing lower concern within Silicon Valley and by executives compared to IT at large.
AFP
September 13, 2020
CTVNews
Tech workers who flocked to San Francisco to be near Google, Facebook, Pinterest, Twitter and other internet firms are moving to parts of the U.S. where life is slower and the cost of living cheaper.
Padraig Belton
September 3, 2020
BBC News
Black Lives Matter has shone a spotlight on policing, but also on other areas, like the tech industry.
Walter Thompson
September 2, 2020
TechCrunch
LPs have the power and the responsibility to invest in more diverse fund managers to keep them and their investment teams accountable.
Walter Thompson
September 2, 2020
TechCrunch
How long does the EB-1B process take? What can we do to maximize our chances for approval?
Mike Butcher
September 1, 2020
TechCrunch
Four years after the Great Recession, France's newly elected socialist president François Hollande raised taxes and increased regulations on founder-led startups. The subsequent flight of entrepreneurs to places like London and Silicon Valley portrayed France as a tough place to launch a company. By 2016, France's national statistics bureau estimated that about three million native-born [...]
Michael Calore
August 31, 2020
Wired
The prankish device is the subject of a new audiobook that pokes serious fun at Silicon Valley's culture of disruption. We spoke with its inventor.
Sidney Fussell
August 29, 2020
Wired
If it succeeds, AB979 would require Facebook, Netflix, Nvidia, Salesforce, and others to add directors of color.
Walter Thompson
August 26, 2020
TechCrunch
Exceptions for new H-1B visas at embassies and consulates around the world will help a lot of tech companies whose employees got stuck outside the U.S.
Cade Metz, Erin Griffith and Kate Conger
August 26, 2020
www.nytimes.com
A tech start-up named for objects in "The Lord of the Rings" has become a major government contractor. But what it does is not easy to understand.
Matt Burns
August 25, 2020
TechCrunch
Chicago has a long history of creating industry-leading companies and it doesn't seem COVID-19 is slowing down the city. TechCrunch surveyed Chicago venture capitalists who remain optimistic despite the current crisis. COVID-19 could be good for Chicago, they told TechCrunch throughout their survey responses. It's clear from the responses below investors in Chicago are interested [...]
Connie Loizos
August 25, 2020
TechCrunch
Eduardo Saverin will forever be known for cofounding Facebook 16 years ago with four other Harvard classmates (one of whom is still running the company). But even before splitting in 2009 for Singapore with his shares of the company, Saverin's attention was on startup investing, and since 2015, he has been laser focused on B [...]
Daisuke Wakabayashi, Stephanie Saul and Kenneth P. Vogel | NYT
August 21, 2020
@bsindia
Silicon Valley has enthusiastically backed Ms. Harris since she first ran for state attorney general in California a decade ago
Taylor Hatmaker
August 20, 2020
TechCrunch
Between the IPO buzz and a raft of new federal contracts for COVID-19 work, it's been a year of big moves for Palantir. Now, the company is making a more literal one: decamping from its Palo Alto headquarters to Denver, Colorado. The decision to relocate its Palo Alto headquarters, first reported by the Denver Business [...]
Daisuke Wakabayashi, Stephanie Saul and Kenneth P. Vogel
August 20, 2020
www.nytimes.com
Silicon Valley has enthusiastically backed Ms. Harris since she first ran for state attorney general in California a decade ago.
Adam Satariano
August 20, 2020
www.nytimes.com
The uproar over an algorithm that lowered the grades of 40 percent of students is a sign of battles to come regarding the use of technology in public services.
Arielle Pardes
August 20, 2020
Wired
Over 40,000 families in Silicon Valley are at risk of losing their homes. Could tech offices, vacated during the pandemic, offer some emergency relief?
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