Solidus Bond was designed by Daniel Bruno, a Chartered Market Technician and graduate of the Said School of Business at Oxford University. A patent was filed with the USPTO on March 6, 2012. The name derives from the gold solidus, which was the primary legal tender of the Roman Empire.
In 2015, Bruno published a paper proposing the substitution of cryptocurrency bonds for dollars in commodity markets such as oil. The paper was translated into Farsi, Russian and Spanish. In 2018, Venezuela launched the Petro cryptocurrency in an experiment designed to replace the US dollar as the medium of exchange for Venezuelan oil and gold.
Design and use
The Solidus Bond utilizes SHA-256 elliptical encryption on a decentralized block chain to create and redeem debt instruments issued in a digital currency. The bonds are brought into existence upon command by any investor via algorithm rather than fiat. Coupon payments and bond redemption are also executed by algorithm, eliminating the need for brokerages and theoretically reducing bond duration to zero, making credit ratings obsolete. Investors choose bond size and bond maturity of seven days to 10 years. Payments are emitted from the block chain to the SwiftCoin wallet chosen by the investor at the time of bond creation. There are no commissions or fees to pay. The only requirement to purchase a Solidus Bond is a SwiftCoin wallet and a sufficient balance of the SwiftCoin digital currency to cover the face value of the bond. Bond ownership is conveyed solely through possession. There are no accounts, records, or user databases and the block chain ledger is not public. Interest rates are set by the market and were 18% in 2016. Holders of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies convert to SwiftCoin to access the Solidus Bond block chain, then cash back into their initial currency at bond expiry. Solidus Bonds are not open source. Unlike Bitcoin, Solidus Bonds cannot be mined.
The Solidus Bond is kept on any computer hard disc and the bond portfolio can be cloned to another device or backed up using a common pendrive. The proof-of-work block chain prevents double spending such that the bond portfolio clone has a unique position that cannot be duplicated. Patrick M. Byrne, the CEO of Overstock.com promoted of "the world's first bitcoin bond" in 2015. In 2015, Bruno, published papers proposing the substitution of cryptocurrency bonds for dollars in commodity markets such as oil.
Documentaries, videos and podcasts
- Secure multi-party computation
- Ricardian contractA design pattern to capture the intent of the agreement of parties.
- Smart contract (blockchain)A smart contract (self-executing contract, blockchain contract) is an agreement between parties that is enforced by a program encoded onto a blockchain which executes code exactly as originally written.